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Zvolen

Slovakia, Zvolen
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"Zvolen" (; Hungarian: Zólyom, is a town in central Slovakia, situated on the confluence of Hron and Slatina rivers, close to Banská Bystrica. With its ancient castle, the town has a historical center, which represents the seat of an "okres" ().

istor
Zvolen has been inhabited since the Paleolithic. In the 9th century, a Slavic settlement (today the Môťová neighborhood) became a regional center of what is now central Slovakia. Zvolen remained the capital of Zólyom county until the 1760s. In the 11th and 12th centuries, one of the largest medieval castles in Europe, Pustý hrad, was constructed. The town, originally built under the castle, lied on an important trade route ("Via Magna") from Buda to Kraków. Zvolen was granted town privileges by King Béla IV in the 1230s - as one of the first towns in the Kingdom of Hungary. The privileges were confirmed on December 28, 1243, after the original document was destroyed in war. Later, King Louis I the Great built a new castle, which became a popular hunting resort of the Hungarian kings. The future queen regnant Mary of Hungary and emperor Sigismund celebrated their wedding there in 1385.

In 1848-49, Ľudovít Štúr was a member of the Diet, with Zvolen as his constituency. In 1871-1872, two new railways were built and Zvolen became an important railroad hub and important industrial center. Zvolen played an important role during the Slovak National Uprising. Two of its armored trains, which were made in the local railway manufactory, Hurban and Štefánik can be seen near the Zvolen castle.

Zvolen is an important railroad, an important road hub and has a large timber factory and a technical university. An airport in nearby Sliač offers direct flights to Prague. The town square was modernized in 2002 and local businesses are popular with tourists. In wintertime an ice rink is constructed in the center and festive celebrations run throughout December.

emographic
Zvolen has a population of 43,147 (as of December 31, 2005). According to the 2001 census, 95.9% of inhabitants were Slovaks and 1.2% Czechs. The religious make-up was 52.5% Roman Catholics, 26.4% people with no religious affiliation, and 15% Lutherans.

por
The local ice hockey team HKm Zvolen plays in the Slovak Extraliga.

amous peopl
* Bálint Balassi, poet and nobleman
* Karol Beck, tennis player
* Jozef Cíger-Hronský, writer
* Ján Lašák, ice hockey player
* Vladimír Maňka, politician
* Vladimír Mečiar, politician
* František Velecký, actor

nternational relation

win towns - Sister citie

Zvolen is a member of the , a town twinning association of 23 towns across the European Union. This active town twinning began in 1991 and there are regular events, such as a produce market from each of the other countries and festivals.


;Other twinnings:

* Zwoleń, Poland
* Prachatice, Czech Republic
* Tótkomlós, Hungary
* Rivne, Ukraine

eference


xternal link
*
*

icture

File:Zvolen hrad.jpg|Zvolen Castle
File:Zvolen city centre2.jpg|Town center
File:Zvolen1.JPG|Church in Zvolen
File:Pancierovy vlak-Zvolen.jpg|Armored train Hurban
File:Rivero Slatina en Zvolen2.JPG|Slatina river in Zvolen
File:Zvolen1596.jpg|Zvolen in 1596






Category:Cities and towns in Slovakia

ar:زفولن
cv:Зволен
cs:Zvolen
da:Zvolen
de:Zvolen
et:Zvolen
eo:Zvolen
fr:Zvolen
hr:Zvolen
id:Zvolen
it:Zvolen
he:זבולן
li:Zvolen
hu:Zólyom
nl:Zvolen
ja:ズヴォレン
pl:Zwoleń (Słowacja)
ro:Zvolen
rmy:Zvolen
ru:Зволен
sk:Zvolen
sr:Звољен
fi:Zvolen
sv:Zvolen
zh:兹沃伦
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 16.11.2018 19:58 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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