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"" (, "Xánthi", ; , "Skecha"; ) is a city in Thrace, northeastern Greece. It is the capital of the Prefecture of the periphery of East Macedonia and Thrace.

Known references to (Ξάνθη), or a (Ξάνθεια), date back to 879 AD. : the bishop of Xantheia is reported as taking part in the Fourth Council of Constantinople It began as a small village and experienced all the tumultuous periods of the history of Thrace, such as raids, disasters, ethnic conflicts, civil wars. The population of the region of had dwindled down to almost nothing and almost everything had been destroyed. This was the situation when the Ottomans arrived in the region. For this reason, the Ottomans brought settlers from the depths of Asia Minor, which is how Genisea (Γενισέα) was created, while Oreo (Ωραίο) and remained mainly Greek and Christian centres.

enisea Er
By 1715, , as well as Genisea, became renowned for its tobacco quality. Many foreign sightseers traveled throughout the region and described both the life and struggles of the locals. Tobacco commerce throughout Europe led into a course of prosperity. In March and April 1829 two earthquakes literally leveled the city, however played a decisive role in the further developments. The city"s re-building immediately got underway. In 1870, the city of Genisea was burned down and thus all of the agencies and services were transferred to which, at that time, had a population of about 10,000 inhabitants. In 1891, the railroad line was established near the city, while further economic development led to the founding of schools and associations.

alkan War
Following the First Balkan War, Bulgaria took the city of in 1912, but after a period of eight months it was taken by the Greek army. Shortly thereafter, as part of the accords concluding the Balkan Wars, and Western Thrace were ceded to Bulgaria, and remained a part of the latter until the end of World War I. Following the Bulgarian defeat in this war, Western Thrace (Δυτική Θράκη), and thus , became a part of Greece in 1919-1920. It was occupied by Bulgaria in the period 1941-1944 during World War II.

Modern Era
Nowadays is a modern city, rich in history, traditions and customs, and with many attractions for the visitors (including the surrounding areas). It is worth visiting the city during the Carnival () (either February or March as dates change) and during the Old Town Festival (Γιορτές Παλιάς Πόλης) (beginning of September). Also, one should not miss the Bazaar (Παζάρι) every Saturday. is known as "The city of the thousand colours".

* Democritus University of Thrace

rofessional Sport
* FC which plays in the Super League Greece
* BC which plays in the Greek A2 League

Famous inhabitants of
Manos Hadjidakis

* Democritus
* Protagoras
* Manos Hadjidakis (1925-1994) composer
* Şerif Gören: Winner of 1982 Palme d"Or in Cannes Film Festival
* Clio-Danae Othoneou, Greek actress, musician and pianist
* Georgios Skordoulis, local celebrity, football manager (currently coaching Jackson FC), singer and tv star (Skordoulis Live, Antres etoimoi gia ola, Jetaime). Leading fan of Skoda .

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
is twinned with:
* Biga, Turkey
* Bursa, Turkey
* Gifhorn, Lower Saxony, Germany
* Novi Beograd, Serbia
* Smolyan, Bulgaria

unicipal district
has three municipal districts, the municipal district of Kimmerio has half of its settlements abandoned from the 1990s.

**Nea Morsini
**Palaia Morsini
**Alikochori (abandoned)
**Anthiro (abandoned)
**Askyra or Askira (abandoned)
**Gialisteri (Γιαλιστερόν )
**Eranos (abandoned)
**Ketiki (abandoned)
**Livadi (Λιβάδιον)
**Pelekito (Πελεκητόν)
**Porta (abandoned)
**Prioni (abandoned)
**Ydrochori (abandoned)


Image:Nestos-river.jpg|View of the River Nestos near .
Image:DSC00050(1).jpg|The old city viewed from the River Kosynthos.
Image:Το ρολόϊ.jpg|The central square of as seen in 2007.


xternal link

Category:Cities, towns and villages in the Prefecture
Category:Greek prefectural capitals
Category: Prefecture
Category:Tourism in Greece

it: (città)
la:Xanthe (urbs Graeciae)
nl: (stad)
uk:Ксанті (місто)
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 21.03.2019 11:57 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.


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