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Willich

Germany, Willich
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"Willich" is a town in the district of Viersen, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located near the cities Düsseldorf, Mönchengladbach and Krefeld, about 30 kilometres from the border with the Netherlands.

History
The city was founded in 1970 out of the formerly independent villages of Willich, Anrath, Schiefbahn and Neersen. But the villages are much older. Willich was mentioned for the first time in the 12th century.

Events 1908-1945
In 1908 Stahlwerk Becker (a steel mill) was built and up to its closing in 1932 was one of the largest employers of Willich. Under a new owner, the mill was reopened in 1934 and was used to manufacture military supplies. The factory was finally closed in 1945 and the grounds were converted to a military base for the British Armed Forces.
During World War II, Willich suffered only minor damages to its infrastructure. American forces entered Schiefbahn on March 1, 1945 and met resistance from a German Panzer unit. Heavy fighteing erupted, with both sides suffering numerous casualties.
More than 100 Jews lived in the four villages prior to World War II. During the Third Reich, the Nazis deported 40 Jews - of which 38 were ultimately murdered in the nazi death camps.

British Army
The British Army had soldiers stationed in Willich for more than 40 years. 40 Army Engineer Support Regiment 40 AESR, which by the early 80s was reduced down to 40 army Engineer support Group 40 AESG. Both units belonging to the Royal Engineers formation. In 1992 the camp was closed and the group disbanded. In July 2009 a reunion took place in the old camp. 141 attended the evening event. There will be an annual event and in 2012 a full reunion.

Economy
Many international companies, especially from the Far East, have their European or German headquarters in the town.

Transportation
treet
The Bundesautobahn 44 and Bundesautobahn 52 motorways join together within the municipal area of Willich. On the area there are five junctions.
ailway
A railway station is situated in Anrath.

Notable places
chloss Neerse
The most famous building is "Schloss Neersen". The castle goes back to the 13th century and was heavily rebuilt in the 17th century. It now houses the town council offices. During summer an open air theatre is held in the grounds.
lein-Jerusalem chape
A moderately well-known pilgrimage destination is the 17th century "Klein-Jerusalem" wayside chapel.

nrath Priso
It is the location of Anrath Prison, where women were held for forced labour in World War II.

xternal link
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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 18.04.2021 05:22 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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|pop_date = 2008-12-31|pop_urban = 3700000|pop_metro = 5000000|elevation = 34 - 115|GDP = 81.7|GDP_year = 2007|Website = / |leader_title = Governing Mayor|leader = Klaus Wowereit|leader_party = SPD|ruling_party1 = SPD|ruling_party2 = Die Linke|votes
|pop_date = 2008-12-31|pop_urban = 3700000|pop_metro = 5000000|elevation = 34 - 115|GDP = 81.7|GDP_year = 2007|Website = / |leader_title = Governing Mayor|leader = Klaus Wowereit|leader_party = SPD|ruling_party1 = SPD|ruling_party2 = Die Linke|votes
|pop_date = 2007-10-31|pop_metro = 4300000|GDP = 86.153|GDP_year = 2006|GDP_percent = 3.9|Website = |leader_title = First Mayor|leader = Ole von Beust|leader_party = CDU|ruling_party1 = CDU|ruling_party2 = Green
|pop_date = 2007-10-31|pop_metro = 4300000|GDP = 86.153|GDP_year = 2006|GDP_percent = 3.9|Website = |leader_title = First Mayor|leader = Ole von Beust|leader_party = CDU|ruling_party1 = CDU|ruling_party2 = Green
|pop_date = 2007-10-31|pop_metro = 4300000|GDP = 86.153|GDP_year = 2006|GDP_percent = 3.9|Website = |leader_title = First Mayor|leader = Ole von Beust|leader_party = CDU|ruling_party1 = CDU|ruling_party2 = Green
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