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Vigevano

Italy, Vigevano
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"Vigevano" ("Avgevan" in the local variety of Western Lombard) is a town and "comune" in the province of Pavia, Lombardy, northern Italy, which possesses many artistic treasures and runs a huge industrial business. It is at the center of a district called Lomellina, a great rice-growing agricultural centre. Vigevano received the honorary title of city with a decree of Duke Francis II Sforza on February 2, 1532. Vigevano is particularly well-known for its beautiful Renaissance "Piazza Ducale", in the centre of the town.

istor
A street in central Vigevano.

The earliest notices of Vigevano date from the 10th century AD, when it was a favoured residence of the Lombard king Arduin, for the sake of the good hunting in the vicinity.

Vigevano was a Ghibelline commune, favoring the Emperor and was accordingly besieged and taken by the Milanese in 1201 and again in 1275. In 1328 it finally surrendered to Azzone Visconti, and thereafter shared the political fortunes of Milan. The Church of S. Pietro Martire (St. Peter Martyr) was built, with the adjacent Dominican convent, by Filippo Maria Visconti in 1445. In the last years of Visconti domination it sustained a siege by Francesco Sforza. Once he was settled in power in Lombardy, Sforza procured the erection of Vigevano as the seat of a bishop and provided its revenues.

ain sight
astello Sforzesc
Vigevano is crowned by the Castello Sforzesco, a stronghold rebuilt 1492–94 for Ludovico Maria Sforza (Ludovico il Moro), the great patron born in the town, who transformed the fortification of Luchino Visconti (who in turn had re-used a Lombard fortress) into a rich noble residence, at the cusp of Gothic and Renaissance. Leonardo da Vinci was his guest at Vigevano, and Bramante came to work for him: he finished the famous Tower entitled to him, who had been begun in 1198. The old castle has a unique raised covered road, high enough for horsemen to ride through, that communicates between the new palace and the old fortifications; there is a Falconry, an elegant loggiato supported by 48 columns, and, in the rear area of the mastio, the Ladies" Loggia made for Duchess Beatrice d"Este.

iazza Ducal
Vigevano"s main attraction is one of the finest "piazzas" in Italy, the Piazza Ducale, an elongated rectangle that is almost in the ideal proportions 1:3 advocated by the architectural theorist Antonio Filarete , which is also said to have been laid out by Bramante, and was certainly built for Ludovico il Moro, starting in 1492-93 and completed in record time, unusual for early Renaissance town planning. Piazza Ducale was actually planned to form a noble forecourt to his castle, unified by the arcades that completely surround the square, an amenity of the new North Italian towns built in the 13th century. The town"s main street enters through a sham arcaded façade that preserves the unity of the space as at the Place des Vosges. Ludovico demolished the former palazzo of the commune of Vigevano to create the space.

athedra
In the 17th century one end of the Piazza Ducale was enclosed by the concave Baroque façade of the Cathedral, cleverly adjusted to bring the ancient duomo into a line perpendicular to the axis of the piazza and centered on it.

The Cathedral was begun in 1532 under Duke Francesco II, who commissioned the design to Antonio da Lonate. The edifice was completed in 1606. The interior is on the Latin cross plan, with a nave and two aisles, and houses works by Macrino d"Alba, Bernardino Ferrari and others, as well as tempera polyptych of the school of Leonardo da Vinci.

otable Vigevanesi
* Guido da Vigevano (c. 1280 - c. 1349), physician and inventor
* Ludovico Sforza (1452-1508), known as Ludovico il Moro, "The Moor", Duke of Milan.
* Eleonora Duse (1858–1924), Italian actress, often known simply as Duse, was born in Vigevano.
* Gian Carlo Rota (1932–1999), mathematician and philosopher, was born in Vigevano.

Gallery

Image:Vigevano0002.jpg|Bramante"s Tower, Castello Sforzesco of Vigevano
Image:Vigevano01.jpg|Court of the Castello Sforzesco
Image:Vigevano03.jpg|The famous road-gallery in the Castello Sforzesco


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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 19.10.2018 16:10 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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