Skiurlaub- günstig mit FeWo-direkt
Hotelsuche in 


Italy, Velletri
Von Wikipedia - die freie Nachrichtenenzyklopädie   auf Facebook posten  Auf Twitter posten  

| footnotes =
"Velletri" is a "comune" in the province of Rome, on the Alban Hills, in Lazio (Latium) - Italy. It is bounded by other communes of Rocca di Papa, Lariano, Cisterna di Latina, Artena, Aprilia, Nemi, Genzano di Roma, Lanuvio.

Its motto is: "Est mihi libertas papalis et imperialis".

Velletri is renowned as one of the main centres for wine production in the Latium.

The "Athena of Velletri", found in a villa near the town.
The origins of Velletri (ancient Velitrae) are uncertain. A settlement existed on the site from pre-historic times. In 494 BC, while in danger due to Volscian pressure, the city was garrisoned with colonist soldiers by the Romans; Rome was mainly interested in stopping Volscian expansion in Latium. Subsequently, after the First Latin War in the 338 BC, Velitrae was deprived of its city walls as Rome achieved sovereignty over its territory.

During the Roman period, patricians built several villas in it. The city had also several temples and an amphitheatre.
The family ("gens") Octavia, to which the first Roman Emperor Augustus belonged, came from Velitrae, and the future emperor spent his youth there.

Velletri began to decline after it was sacked by Alaric the Goth in 410 CE. In the 5th century it was the seat of a bishopric and in the following century it became an imperial city after the Byzantine reconquest of Italy.

In the Middle Ages it started a difficult recovery, culminating in the 12th century with its declaration as a free commune. In the 14th and in the first half of the 15th century Velletri fought against the commune of Rome and the barons of Lazio, and later became part of the Papal States.

The first pawnshop in the world was opened in Velletri in the 15th century.

In the War of the Austrian Succession, troops of the Spanish-Nepolitan Bourbons won the Battle of Velletri (1744), fought against Austrian Habsburgs in Velletri and its surroundings.

After the French Revolution, Velletri rebelled and it was proclaimed a Republic. Later it changed sides and 900 of its citizens resisted in Castelgandolfo the siege by Joachim Murat. The Republic lasted till 1814.

It was briefly revamped in cojunction with the revolutionary Roman Republic of 1849. At that time Garibaldi won at Velletri a battle with the Bourbon Neapolitan forces, but the victory was short-lived as the Roman Republic was soon afterwards overwhelmed by the French, Velletri being also engulfed.

In 1862, the Rome-Velletri Railroad (Ferrovia Roma-Velletri ) was opened for service.

Between 2 September 1943, and 2 June 1944, Velletri was heavily bombed by the Allied Powers. Many monuments were destroyed and many people died.

ain sight
* The "Palazzo Comunale" (Town Hall), with a portico entrance, was begun in 1572 by Giacomo della Porta on a design by Jacopo Barozzi da Vignola, and finished in 1741 by Filippo Barigioni. It was destroyed during World War II and rebuilt in 1956.
*The Oreste Nardini Civic Archeological Museum of Velletri, located in the 16th century City Hall. It contains works of noteworthy importance, with material going from the protohistoric to the medieval period.
* The sixteenth century Oratory of "Santa Maria del Sangue" ("St. Mary of the Blood").
* The church of "Sant"Antonio Abate" (fourteenth century).
* The lofty campanile of "Santa Maria in Trivio", erected in 1353 in Lombard-Gothic style, in gratitude for the liberation of the city from a plague which devastated it in 1348.
* The Cathedral of St. Clement, erected in the fourth century over the ruins of an ancient temple. It has three naves and was rebuilt in the current form in 1659-1662. The Renaissance gate is by Traiano da Palestrina (1512). The interior has several frescoes, while the Capitular Museum houses important relics, vessels and paintings including works by Gentile da Fabriano and Antoniazzo Romano.
* The "Tempietto Bramantesco" ("Bramantesque temple"), constructed by Alessandro da Parma in 1523.
* F-104 Starfighter is installed as a memorial on one of the town"s squares.

win citie
* Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg
* Mödling, Austria
* Offenbach, Germany
* Puteaux, France
* Saint-Gilles, Belgium
* Tilburg, Netherlands
* Tower Hamlets, United Kingdom
* Zemun, Serbia

xternal link

Category:Cities and towns in the Lazio
Category:Renaissance sites of the Lazio
Category:Gothic sites of the Lazio
Category:Castelli Romani

Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 09.12.2018 21:15 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.


Kommentare zu diesem Artikel
Neuer Kommentar
Name *
Email * (wird nicht öffentlich angezeigt)
* Pflichtangaben
Diesen Artikel empfehlen

Absender Empfänger Nachricht (optional)

Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Reiseportal
"Italy" (Italian: "Italia") is a large country in Southern Europe. Together with Greece, it is acknowledged as the birthplace of Western culture. Not surprisingly, it is also home to the greatest number of UNESCO World Heritage
"Italy" (; ), officially the "Italian Republic" (), a country located in south-central Europe. To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia along the Alps. To the south it consts of the entirety of the
| footnotes = }}dolina in Altamura"s territory."Altamura" is a town and "comune" of Apulia, southern Italy. It is located on the Murge plateau in the province of Bari, 45 km South-West of Bari, close to the border with Basilicata.The
| footnotes = }}"Collegno" is a "comune" (municipality) in the in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 9 km west of Turin. win towns — Sister citieCollegno is twinned with:* Antony, France* Sárospatak, Hungary* Volzhsky,
| province = (CT)| frazioni = San Giovanni Galermo| mayor_party = | mayor = Raffaele Stancanelli| area_footnotes = | area_total_km2 = 180.88| population_footnotes = | population_total =
| footnotes = }}"Rimini" () is a city and "comune" in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy and capital city of the . It is located on the Adriatic Sea, near the coast between the rivers Marecchia (the ancient Ariminus) and Ausa (Aprusa).
Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Nachrichtenportal
Berlin (dpa) - German Chancellor Angela Merkel‘s contingency plan for a no-deal Brexit is inadequate, a leader of Germany‘s pro-business FDP opposition party told dpa on Wednesday, just hours before she was set to address parliament on
Tel Aviv (dpa) - A panel of three Supreme Court judges on Wednesday heard the appeal of a US student barred from entering Israel over her past affiliation with a group that supports boycotts of Israel.The case of Lara Alqasem, 22, is a major legal
Gaza City (dpa) - One Palestinian was killed in an Israeli strike on the Gaza Strip on Wednesday, the Gaza Health Ministry said, after Palestinian rocket fire hit a home in southern Israel.Two Israelis were lightly injured while running for cover
Dusseldorf, Germany (dpa) - The prosecutor‘s office that handles terrorism cases in Germany confirmed on Wednesday that it is investigating an arson attack and hostage-taking by a suspected Islamist in the western city of Cologne.Investigators
Istanbul (dpa) - The United States‘ top diplomat arrived in Ankara on Wednesday to discuss the case of missing Saudi dissident journalist Jamal Khashoggi, according to state news agency Anadolu.Secretary of State Mike Pompeo was met by
Kabul (dpa) - A number of German military transport helicopters were shot at though no injuries were reported during a flight in Afghanistan‘s northern Kunduz province, the military said late Tuesday. The helicopters were fired upon while


(09.12.2018 21:15)

4 / 15 °C

3 / 15 °C
2 / 11 °C
powered by
Stock News


Agenda - The Week Ahea ...
Agenda - The Week Ahea ...

Afghan Farah Governor ...
Ministry Warns Cinema ...

Merkel under pressure ...
1ST LEAD One Palestini ...

URGENT: Norway's Bjoe ...
China highlights Beiji ...

© europe online publishing house GmbH, Weiden, Germany, | Impressum