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Vantaa

Finland, Vantaa
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|region = Uusimaa
|subregion = Greater Helsinki
|leader_title = City manager
|leader_name = Juhani Paajanen
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|established_date2 = 1974
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"Vantaa" (; ) is a city and municipality in Finland. Helsinki, Vantaa, Espoo, and Kauniainen make up the Helsinki Metropolitan Area.

Vantaa, with its population of }} (}}), is the fourth most populated city of Finland. The biggest airport in Finland, the Helsinki-Vantaa Airport, is located there. It also hosts a science centre, Heureka.

Vantaa is notable as the birthplace of racing driver Mika Häkkinen.

In addition there is the city museum next to the railway station in Tikkurila. The museum is housed in the oldest station building in Finland, designed by Carl Albert Edelfelt and completed in 1861. There are exhibitions with various themes on local history.

The city is bilingual, with majority being Finnish and minority Swedish speakers.

eograph
ocatio
Vantaa encompasses }}|km2}}, of which }}|km2|abbr=on}} is water. Population density is round 2}}|PD/km2|abbr=on}}. It borders Helsinki, the Finnish capital, which is to the south and southwest. Other neighbouring municipalities are Espoo to the west, Nurmijärvi, Kerava and Tuusula to the north and Sipoo to the east.

ubdivisio

Vantaa is divided into seven districts (, ): Myyrmäki "(Myrbacka)", Tikkurila "(Dickursby)", Hakunila "(Håkansböle)", Korso, Koivukylä "(Björkby)" and Aviapolis.

istor
The name "Vantaa" was taken into use in 1972 when the municipality gained market town rights. The first record of the area is as "Helsinge" in 1351 when king Magnus II of Sweden granted salmon fishing rights on the river Vantaa to the Estonian Padise monastery. The municipality was formerly known as "Helsingin maalaiskunta" "Rural municipality of Helsinki". The rapids of river Vantaa were known as "Helsingfors", from which the current Swedish name of Helsinki derives. In 1972, the municipality was renamed "Vantaa/Vanda" and promoted to a market town (i.e. "Vantaan kauppala/Vanda köping"), and in 1974, finally renamed "Vantaan kaupunki/Vanda stad" "City of Vantaa".

On October 11, 2002, the city was shocked by the explosion of a bomb in the local Myyrmanni shopping centre, killing 7, including the bomber, a 19-year-old chemistry student from the Espoo-Vantaa Institute of Technology (see Myyrmanni bombing).

limat
Climate diagram
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 26.10.2021 04:12 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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