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Valka

Latvia, Valka
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"Valka" () is a town in northern Latvia, on the border with Estonia.

Valka and the Estonian town Valga are twins, separated by the Estonian/Latvian border but using the slogan "One Town, Two States". The border dividing the Livonian town of Walk was marked out in 1920 by an international jury headed by British Colonel Stephen George Tallents. With the expansion of the Schengen Agreement and abolition of the Estonian/Latvian border in 2007, it was announced that common public bus transport would be established between Valka and Valga. Also, all border crossing-points were removed and roads and fences opened.

istor
The town of Walk (in German) was first mentioned in 1286 and from 1419 was the seat of the Landtag of the Livonian Confederation. City rights were granted by the Polish king Stefan Batory in 1584. However, the town gained its importance only at the end of the 19th century when the Vidzeme teacher"s seminary was operating here.

On November 15, 1918 the decision to proclaim the independent Republic of Latvia was made in Valka. The red-white-red flag of Latvia was raised here for the first time . On July 1, 1920 the town was divided between the newly-born Latvian and Estonian states.

ducatio
There is one primary school and a gymnasium in Valka.
The University of Latvia has a branch here. The Institute of Latvia-Estonia provides further education.

otable people from Valk
*Jānis Cimze
*Aigars Fadejevs
*Vents Armands Krauklis
*Roberts Ķīlis
*Gatis Smukulis
* Eva Graudina

Sister Cities
* Valga Estonia
* Tornio, Finland
* Haparanda, Sweden
* Aleksandrów Kujawski, Poland
* Pskov, Russia

ee als
*Valga, Estonia
*

xternal links
*

eference




Category:Cities in Latvia
Category:Divided cities
Category:Estonia–Latvia border crossings

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eo:Valka
fr:Valka
id:Valka
kk:Валка
lv:Valka
lt:Valka
hu:Valka
nl:Valka
ja:ヴァルカ
no:Valka
pl:Valka
pt:Valka
ru:Валка
simple:Valka
fi:Valka
sv:Valka
uk:Валка
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 23.09.2019 01:11 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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