Skiurlaub- günstig mit FeWo-direkt
Hotelsuche in 


Russia, Ulan-Ude
Von Wikipedia - die freie Nachrichtenenzyklopädie   auf Facebook posten  Auf Twitter posten  

"Ulan-Ude" (; ) is the capital city of the Buryat Republic, Russia, is located about 100 km south-east of Lake Baikal on the Uda River at its confluence with the Selenga. According to the 2002 Census, 359,391 residents lived in Ulan-Ude, up from 351,806 recorded in 1989 Cities and towns with population of 50 thousand people and over in 1989 and 2002. and it is the third largest city in eastern Siberia.

Ulan-Ude was first called "Udinskoye" (Russian: У́динское) for its location on the Uda River. From around 1735, the settlement was called "Udinsk" (Russian: У́динск) and was granted town status under that name in 1775.

However, the name was changed to "Verkhneudinsk", literally "Upper Udinsk" (Russian: Верхнеу́динск "Verxneudinsk"; Buryat: Дээдэ-Үдэ "Deede-Üde"; ; Classical Mongolian: "Degedy Egüde"), in 1783 to differentiate it from Nizhneudinsk ("Lower Udinsk") lying on a different Uda River near Irkutsk which gained town status that year. The "upper" and "lower" refer to positions of the two cities relative to each other, not the location of the cities on their respective Uda rivers. Verkhneudinsk lies at the mouth of its Uda, i.e. the lower end, while Nizhneudinsk is along the middle stretch of its Uda.

The current name of "Ulan-Ude" (Russian: Ула́н-Удэ́; Buryat: Улаан-Үдэ "Ulaan-Üde"; Mongolian: Улаан Үүд "Ulaan Üüd"; Classical Mongolian: "Ulaɣan Egüde") was bestowed upon the city in 1934 and means "red Uda" or "red gate" in Buryat reflecting the communist ideology of the Soviet Union to which it belonged.

The coat of arms of Verkhneudinsk in 1790

The first occupants of the area where Ulan-Ude now stands were the Evenks and, later, the Buryat Mongols. Ulan-Ude (old name Verkhneudinsk) was founded in 1666 by the Russian Cossacks as fortress Udinskoye. Due to its favourable geographical position, the city grew rapidly and became a large trade centre which connected Russia with China and Mongolia and, from 1690, was the administrative center of the Transbaikal region. In 1775, the city, now Udinsk, was chartered as a city and in 1783 was renamed Verkhneudinsk. After a large fire in 1878, the city was almost completely rebuilt. The Trans-Siberian Railway reached the city in 1900 causing an explosion in growth. The population which was 3,500 in 1880 reached 126,000 in 1939. On 27 July 1934, the city was renamed Ulan-Ude.

eography and climat
Ulan-Ude lies east of Moscow and south-east of Lake Baikal. It is located above mean sea level at the foot of the Khamar-Daban and Khrebet Ulan-Burgasy mountain ranges, next to the confluence of the Selenga River and its tributary, the Uda which divides the city into two parts.

Ulan Ude has a moderate subarctic climate with mean temperatures of . The hottest month, July, has a mean temperature of and the coldest, January, is . Ulan-Ude receives an average of precipitation per year, mostly in the Last accessed January 1, 2009.

Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin ever built is in Ulan-Ude
According to the 2002 Census, 359,391 residents lived in Ulan-Ude, up from 351,806 recorded in 1989. It is the third largest city in East Siberia.

The ethnic makeup of the city"s population in 2002:
*Russians: 73.1%
*Buryats: 21.4%
*Ukrainians: 2.6%
*Tatars: 0.8%
*Others: 2.1%

The city is the center of Tibetan Buddhism in Russia and the important Ivolginsky datsan is located 23 km from the city.
Ulan-Ude train station on the Trans-Siberian Railway

Ulan Ude is located on the main line (Trans-Siberian line) of the Trans-Siberian Railway between Irkutsk and Chita at the junction of the Trans-Mongolian line (the Trans-Mongolian Railway) which begins at Ulan Ude and continues south through Mongolia to Beijing in China. The city also lies on the M55 section of the Baikal Highway (part of the Trans-Siberian Highway), the main federal road to Vladivostok. Air traffic is served by the Ulan-Ude Airport (Mukhino), as well as the smaller Ulan-Ude Vostochny Airport. Intracity transport includes tram, bus, and "marshrutka" (share taxi) lines.

Gate of the ethnographic museum in Ulan-Ude
Russian Old Believer church moved to the ethnographic museum in Ulan-Ude
Until 1991 Ulan-Ude was a city closed to foreigners. There are old merchants" mansions richly decorated with wood and stone carving in the historical center of Ulan-Ude, along the river banks which are exceptional examples of Russian classicism. The city has a large ethnographic museum which recalls the history of the peoples of the region. There is also a large and highly unusual statue of the head of Lenin in the central square, the largest in the world.

Ulan-Ude — the old historic and cultural center in Siberia. Among other things can be noted such as a monument Geser, Arch «King"s Gate» and many other interesting places.

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
Ulan-Ude is twinned with:
* Anyang, South Korea.
* Berkeley, United States.
* Changchun, China.
* Darkhan, Mongolia.
* Erdenet, Mongolia.
* Hohhot, China.
* Kazan, Russia.
* Manchuria, China.
* Mannheim, Germany.
* Rumoi, Japan.
* Taipei, Taiwan.
* Ulan Bator, Mongolia.
* Yalta, Ukraine.
* Yamagata, Japan.

mage galler

Image:Ulan-Ude pl Sovetov.JPG|Soviet Square in Ulan-Ude
Image:Ulan Ude.jpg|Lenin"s head dominates the Soviet Square in Ulan-Ude
Image:Ulan-Ude Troitsk Cathedral.JPG|Holy Trinity Church ("Svjato-Troickij Xram") in Ulan-Ude
Image:Odigitrievsky Cathedral, Ulan Ude.jpg|Odigitrievsky Russian Orthodox Cathedral in Ulan-Ude
Image:Odigitrievsky Cathedral.JPG|The dome of Odigitrievsky Cathedral
Image:MotherBuriatia.JPG|Statue of "Mother Buryatia" in Ulan-Ude
Image:Ulan-Ude Leninna st.JPG|"Ulitsa Lenina" (Lenin Street) in Ulan-Ude
Image:Ulan-Ude Lenina st-3.JPG|"Ulitsa Lenina"
Image:Ulan-Ude Lenina-30.JPG|The 1907 N.L. Kapelman House on "Ulitsa Lenina"
Image:Halfstone.JPG|A House on "Ulitsa Kirova" (Kirov Street) in Ulan-Ude
Image:Mongolia Consulate.JPG|The Mongolian consulate in Ulan-Ude
Image:City house.JPG|A traditional city house in the ethnographic museum in Ulan-Ude
Image:Wooden house in ulan ude.jpg|A wooden house in Ulan-Ude


Category:Settlements established in 1666

be:Горад Улан-Удэ
bg:Улан Уде
el:Ουλάν Ουντέ
lt:Ulan Udė
pl:Ułan Ude
sr:Улан Уде
fi:Ulan Ude
tr:Ulan Ude
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 17.10.2019 18:14 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.


Kommentare zu diesem Artikel
Neuer Kommentar
Name *
Email * (wird nicht öffentlich angezeigt)
* Pflichtangaben
Diesen Artikel empfehlen

Absender Empfänger Nachricht (optional)

Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Reiseportal
"Russia", ("Russian" Росси́я, transliteration "Rossiya") - officially known as the "Russian Federation" ("Russian" Росси́йская Федера́ция, transliteration
"Russia" (; ), officially known as both Russia and the "Russian Federation"The names Russian Federation and Russia shall be equal". (), is a state in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising
"Neftekamsk" () is a city in the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia. It is located at ca .The town covers an area of ca 143 km2, and is on the river Kama, 220 km from Ufa. The town borders on the Krasnokamskiy and Yanaulskiy districts of
"Ulan-Ude" (; ) is the capital city of the Buryat Republic, Russia, is located about 100 km south-east of Lake Baikal on the Uda River at its confluence with the Selenga. According to the 2002 Census, 359,391 residents lived in Ulan-Ude, up
"Togliatti" may refer to:* Eugenio G. Togliatti, mathematician who discovered Togliatti surfaces*Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party* For the Russian city named after him, see Tolyatticv:Тольятти
:"For the Barnaul meteorite of 1904, see Meteorite falls. For the bird, see barn owl.""Barnaul" () is a city and the administrative center of Altai Krai, Russia. Barnaul is situated in the southwest of the Siberian Federal District on the Ob River.
Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Nachrichtenportal
Russia and Iran on Wednesday condemned the latest move by the US Congress to impose new sanctions against them and warned that there could be severe consequences. Moscow (dpa) - The bill, which would impose further penalties against Russian
Russia's long-time ambassador to the United Nations, Vitaly Churkin, died "suddenly" in New York on Monday, a day before his 65th birthday, Russia's Foreign Ministry spokeswoman said. Moscow (dpa) - "A great diplomat, an
Russian President Vladimir Putin on Monday suspended a deal with the United States to dispose of excess supplies of weapons-grade plutonium, citing a large deterioration in bilateral ties. Moscow/Washington (dpa) - Russia will not proceed with the
Russia's lone athletics team member at the Rio Games, long jumper Darya Klishina, on Monday welcomed the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) ruling to allow her to compete and is thankful she can turn her attention to the competition. Rio de


(17.10.2019 18:14)

-16 / -7 °C

-19 / -14 °C
-20 / -13 °C
powered by
Stock News


Agenda - The Week Ahea ...
Agenda - The Week Ahea ...

Afghan Farah Governor ...
Ministry Warns Cinema ...

Puigdemont won't seek ...
Turkish tensions with ...

URGENT: Norway's Bjoe ...
China highlights Beiji ...

© europe online publishing house GmbH, Weiden, Germany, | Impressum