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Tuusula

Finland, Tuusula
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"Tuusula" (; , ) is a municipality of Finland. It belongs to the Helsinki sub-region of the region. The municipality has a population of }}
(
}}).

eograph
Tuusula, lying on the shores of Tuusulanjärvi lake, is located in the province of Southern Finland and is part of the region. It covers an area of |km2}} of
which |km2|abbr=on}}
is water. The population density is
|PD/km2}}.

Tuusula has three population centers. The administrative center is "Hyrylä" (about 19,500 residents), other two are Jokela (5,300 residents) and Kellokoski (4,300 residents). The remaining 4,400 residents are distributed to the rural areas outside of municipal centers.

The neighboring communes are Vantaa to the south, Nurmijärvi to the west, Hyvinkää to the north, Mäntsälä and Järvenpää to the north east, and Sipoo and Kerava to the east.

istor
The area in what is now Tuusula was located in the larger municipality of Sipoo. In 1643, it became a separate parish in the municipality, and in 1653, it became a separate municipality. Tuusula"s boundaries have not always remained the same: in 1924 the municipality of Kerava split from here; in 1950 the municipality of Korso was split between Tuusula, Kerava, and Sipoo; and in 1951 the municipality of Järvenpää split from here.

During the Crimean War (1853–1856), a Russian garrison was stationed in what is now Hyrylä. The modern parish mostly developed around it.

The area had always been a fairly fertile area, thus encouraging farming. The development of other industries began in 1795, when an ironworks was created in Kellokoski that functioned until the 1980s. The establishment of a railroad in Jokela furthered the growth.

Soon after this industrial time another aspect of Tuusulan history was realized. The Tuusulanjärvi lake attracted many artists who wanted to paint the beautiful landscape. Following the footsteps of Aleksis Kivi, the Finnish national poet who spent the last years of his life in a hut on the shores of the lake, Jean Sibelius, Juhani Aho, and Pekka Halonen even established their main residences here. Recently these houses have become tourist sites, especially Sibelius" house Ainola. Also, Tuusula Lake Road on the eastern shore of the lake is an outside museum.

The Jokela rail crash was a rail crash which occurred on April 21, 1996 here.

Jokela High School was the site of the Jokela school shooting, a school shooting which occurred on November 7, 2007, leaving 9 dead (including the 18-year-old perpetrator, Pekka-Eric Auvinen).

emographic
Tuusula, in the Helsinki suburbs, has been in a positive balance of population, with it more than doubling in size since 1970.

The municipality is officially Finnish. Swedish was the second official language until 1943. Today only 2% are Swedish-speaking.

"Population in:"
* 1970 – 17.235
* 1980 – 22.151
* 1987 – 26.234
* 1990 – 27.328
* 1997 – 29.957
* 2000 – 31.957
* 2007 – 34.890

olitic
unicipal Counci


win citie
* Oppegård, Norway
* Sollentuna, Sweden
* Hvidovre, Denmark
* Vinni, Estonia
* Augustów, Poland
* District Celle, Germany
* Vidnoye, Russia
* Queretaro, Mexico

conomy and Infrastructur
conom
Due its proximity to the Helsinki, Tuusula is, for the most part, a commuter town. Tuusula itself has around 10,000 jobs. 66% of the jobs are in the service sector, 31% in the workforce, and 1.5% are farmers. The unemployment rate amounted to 3% (2007), far below the national average.

ransportatio
From the center of Tuusula, Hyrylä, there are good bus connections to Helsinki, via the "Tuusula motorway". There are also two train stations in the main railway line of Finland, "Jokela" and "Nuppulinna".

ducatio
Tuusula"s network of schools include:

*18 primary schools
*4 secondary schools
*3 high schools
*1 hospital school

eference


xternal link

* – official site




Category:Municipalities of Region
Category:Settlements established in 1643

bg:Туусула
ca:Tuusula
de:Tuusula
et:Tuusula vald
es:Tuusula
fr:Tuusula
ga:Tuusula
id:Tuusula
it:Tuusula
nl:Tuusula
no:Tusby
nn:Tusby
pl:Tuusula
ro:Tuusula
ru:Туусула
se:Tuusula
fi:Tuusula
sv:Tusby
tr:Tuusula
zh:图苏拉
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 06.06.2020 01:22 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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