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Trikala

Greece, Trikala
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"" () is a city in northwestern Thessaly, Greece. It is the capital of the Prefecture, and is located NW of Athens, NW of Karditsa, E of Ioannina and Metsovo, S of Grevena, SW of Thessaloniki, and W of Larissa.

istor
The fort of in the "Old Town" (Varousi),build in the Middle Ages
Litheos river flowing through city of
Koursoum Mosque in
Located in the fertile plain of Thessaly in central Greece, modern is the Homeric "Trikka" (or "Trikki"), the birthplace of three of the Argonauts and one of the areas touted as the birthplace of Asclepius ("Asklepios"), who is more often said to have been born at Epidaurus, where his main temple was sited in antiquity. Ruins of an old sanctuary to the physician-god, an Asklepieion, or healing place, are located between the central square and the church of Saint Nicholas ("Agios Nikolaos") in ; it is the oldest "Aesculapium" of Greece - a kind of medical centre, from which the worship of Aesculapius gradually spread.

There are other late Hellenistic and Roman period remains to be seen, mosaic floors, a stoa, and baths. Dominated by its Byzantine fortress on Hellenistic foundations occupying the ancient Acropolis, the picturesque city is divided in two by the river Lithaios, with the churches of "Agios Demetrios" and "Agii Anargyri" lending more Byzantine character to the modern town. She was managed by First Bulgarian Empire (920-922, 977-983, 996-997) due to occupations by Simeon I and Samuil. She was part of Great Wallachia (1204-1215), Despotate of Epirus (1215-1335), Despotate of Thessaly, who was a branch of one of Epirus, (1230-1335) (Suzerenity of Second Bulgarian Empire between 1230-1241, Nicean Empire between 1241-1261 and Byzantine Empire between 1261-1335), Serbian Empire (1348-1373), Byzantine Empire (1335-1348, 1373-1394, 1403-1411) and Ottoman Empire (1394-1403 and 1411-1881). She was renamed as Tırhala Hicri 859 Tarihli Suret-i Defter-i Sancak-ı Tırhala 2 books - Melek Delilbaşı, Muzaffer Arıkan by Ottomans and became a sanjak center of Rumelia province in Ottoman Empire between 1411-1826. She was the sanjak of Manastır vilayet between 1826-1867 and between 1873-1881. She was also the sanjak centre in Selanik vilayet between 1867-1873. She was ceded to Greece in 1881 after Treaty of Berlin. It was captured again by Ottomans during the Greco-Turkish War of 1897 on April 28 for six months.

During the Principality of Pindus the national assembly of this state sat in .

nfrastructur
The old train station of

is home to the General Hospital of the Prefecture. The Physical Education and Sport Science department of the University of Thessaly is also located in , and was founded in 1994, with the first students being admitted in the academic year 1994-1995; it was originally housed in the Matsopoulos Park facility, but moved to the new Karyes campus in July 1999. has over 20 schools of secondary education, and a modern night technical school also functions in the town.

Since December 2005, the Municipality of offers its residents free high speed Wireless Internet connection. As of 2007, around 95% of the total area of has access; this is one of the few European cities to offer such a service for free. Since 2009 tele-medicine is available for its residents, to track serious conditions without the need to visit hospitals.

Photos

File:Evlahos litheos.jpg|
File:Evlahos Koursoum Mosque.jpg|
File:Evlahos clock tower.jpg|


porting team
*A.O. , a football team that competed in the Greek first division as recently as the year 2000.
*AS 2000 Basketball Club, a basketball team that competes in the Greek top division.

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
is twinned with:
* Amberg, Germany
* Braşov, Romania
* Talence, France
* Tucson, Arizona, USA

amous natives of
*Œcumenius (about 990) Bishop of Trikka (now Trikkala)
*Evangelos Averoff (1910-1990), politician
*Sotirios Hatzigakis (1944) politician
*Georgios Kondylis (1879-1936) army officer, Prime Minister of Greece
*Sotirios Kyrgiakos (1979) footballer
*Vasia Loi (1975) fashion model and television presenter
*Dimitris Mitropanos (1948) singer
*Christos Papanikolaou (1941) pole vaulter
*Efthimios Rentzias (1976) basketball player
*Vassilis Tsitsanis (1915-1984) songwriter and singer

eference


xternal link
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*
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Category:Cities, towns and villages in the Prefecture
Category:Greek prefectural capitals
Category:Principality of Pindus
*

ar:تريكالا
de:
el:Τρίκαλα
es: (ciudad)
it:
nl: (stad)
nn:Tríkala
pl:
ro:
ru:Трикала
sv:
tr:Tırhala
uk:Трикала (місто)
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 25.02.2021 20:20 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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