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Trani

Italy, Trani
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| footnotes =
}}The Synagogue Scolanova of Trani.
"Trani" is a seaport of Apulia, southern aly, on the Adriatic Sea, in the new (as of June 2009), and 40 km by railway West-Northwest of Bari.

History
The city of "Turum" appears for the first time in the Tabula Peutingeriana, a 13th ctury copy of an ancit Roman itinerary. The name, also spelled "Tirum", was that of the Greek hero Diomedes. The city was later occupied by the Lombards and the Byzantines. First certain news of an urban settlemt in Trani, however, trace back only to the 9th ctury.

The most flourishing age of Trani was the 11th ctury, wh it became an episcopal see in place of Canosa, destroyed by the Saracs. s port, well placed for the Crusades, th developed greatly, becoming the most important on the Adriatic Sea. In the year 1000 Trani issued the "Ordinamta Maris", which are considered today the most ancit maritime codex of Middle Ages. In that period many great families from the main alian Maritime Republics (Amalfi, Pisa and Vice) established themselves in Trani. Trani, in turn, maintained a consul in Vice from 12th ctury. The presce of other consulates in many northern Europe ctres, ev in England and Netherlands, shows Trani"s trading and political importance in the Middle Ages.
Facade of the Cathedral of Trani.
Emperor Frederick II built a massive castle in Trani. Under his rule, in the early 13th ctury, the city reached its highest point of wealth and prosperity.

By the 12th ctury, Trani already housed the largest Jewish community of Southern aly, and was the birth place of one of the greatest medieval rabbis of aly: Rabbi Isaiah b Mali di Trani (c. 1180-1250), a prolific and promint commtator and halakhic authority. The great talmudist Rabbi Moses b Joseph di Trani (1505-1585) was born in Thessaloniki, three years after his family had fled there from Trani due to antisemitic persecution.

Trani tered a crisis under the Anjou and Aragonese rule (14th-16th cturies), as its Jewish compont was persecuted under Dominican pressure.Joshua Starr, "The Mass Conversion of Jews in Southern aly (1290-1293)" "Speculum" "21".2 (April 1946), pp. 203-211, Under the House of Bourbon, however, Trani recovered a certain spldour, thanks to the gerally improved condition of Southern aly economy and the construction of several magnifict buildings. Trani was province capital until the Napoleonic age, wh Joachim Murat deprived it of this status in favour of Bari. In 1799, moreover, the Frch troops provoked a massacre of Trani"s population, as it had adhered to the Neapolitan Republic.

The Scolanova Synagogue survives and, after many cturies as a church, has be rededicated as a synagogue."Jerusalem Post", 24 August, 2006, Jewish again in Trani, By Ari Z. Zivotofsky and Ari Grespan The church of Sant"Anna is another medieval former synagogue.

ain sight
Trani has lost its old city walls and bastions, but the 13th-ctury fort has be extsively restored as a museum and performance vue and is op to the public. Some of the streets in and around the Ghetto area remain much as they were in the medieval period, and many of the houses display more or less of Norman decoration.

The main monumt of Trani is the "Cathedral", dedicated to St. Nicholas the Pilgrim, a Greek assassinated at Trani in 1094 and canonized by Urban II. lies on a raised op site near the sea, and was consecrated, before its completion, in 1143. is a basilica with three apses, built in the characteristic white local limestone. has also a large crypt and a lofty tower, the latter erected in 1230-1239 by the architect whose name appears on the ambo in the cathedral of Bitonto, Nicolaus Sacerdos. has an arch under it, being supported partly on the side wall of the church, and partly on a massive pillar. The arches of the Romanesque portal are beautifully ornamted, in a manner suggestive of Arab influce; the bronze doors, executed by Barisanus of Trani in 1175, rank among the best of their period in Southern aly.Comparable doors by Barisanus are at Ravello and Monreale. David A. Walsh, "The Iconography of the Bronze Doors of Barisanus of Trani" "Gesta" "21".2 (1982:91-106). The capitals of the pillars in the crypt are fine examples of the Romanesque. The interior of the cathedral has be widely modernized, but the crypt remains similar to the origins.

Near the harbor is the Gothic "Palace of the Doges of Vice", which is now used as a seminary. The "Church of Ognissanti" which at one stage was the chapel of a Knights Templar hospital has a Romanesque relief of the Annunciation over the door. "San Giacomo" and "San Francesco" also have Romanesque facades; the latter, together with "Sant"Andrea", have Byzantine domes.

Economy

The vicinity of Trani produces an excellt wine, Moscato di Trani; and its figs, olive oil, almonds and grain are also profitable articles of trade.

Notes and referces

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External links

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For further sites on Trani see:
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Category:Cities and towns in Apulia
Category:Ancit Greek cities
Category:Maritime Republics
Category:Coastal towns in Apulia
Category:Port cities and towns of the Adriatic Sea

ar:تراني
ca:Trani
cs:Trani
de:Trani
es:Trani
eo:Trano
fr:Trani
it:Trani
la:Turum
hu:Trani
nl:Trani
ja:トラーニ
nap:Trani
no:Trani
nn:Trani
pms:Trani
pl:Trani
pt:Trani
ro:Trani
ru:Трани
scn:Trani
sr:Трани
sv:Trani
uk:Трані
vec:Trani
vo:Trani
war:Trani
zh:特拉尼
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 18.04.2021 04:42 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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"ROM", "Rom", or "rom" is an abbreviation and name that may refer to:n computers and mathematic* Read-only memory, a class of storage media used in computers and other electronic devices. This tells the computer how to load the operating system.**
"ROM", "Rom", or "rom" is an abbreviation and name that may refer to:n computers and mathematic* Read-only memory, a class of storage media used in computers and other electronic devices. This tells the computer how to load the operating system.**
| footnotes = }}"Turin" ( ; Piedmontese: "Turin"; ) is a major city as well as a business and cultural centre in northern Italy, capital of the Piedmont region, located mainly on the left bank of the Po River surrounded by the Alpine arch.
| footnotes = }}"Turin" ( ; Piedmontese: "Turin"; ) is a major city as well as a business and cultural centre in northern Italy, capital of the Piedmont region, located mainly on the left bank of the Po River surrounded by the Alpine arch.
| footnotes = }}"Turin" ( ; Piedmontese: "Turin"; ) is a major city as well as a business and cultural centre in northern Italy, capital of the Piedmont region, located mainly on the left bank of the Po River surrounded by the Alpine arch.
| footnotes = }}"Turin" ( ; Piedmontese: "Turin"; ) is a major city as well as a business and cultural centre in northern Italy, capital of the Piedmont region, located mainly on the left bank of the Po River surrounded by the Alpine arch.
 
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