Skiurlaub- günstig mit FeWo-direkt
     
Hotelsuche in 
 

Tobolsk

Russia, Tobolsk
Von Wikipedia - die freie Nachrichtenenzyklopädie   auf Facebook posten  Auf Twitter posten  

St. Sofia Cathedral.
The Governor"s Mansion in Tobolsk, where the Russian Imperial family was held in captivity between August 1917 and April 1918.

"Tobolsk" (; ) is a historic capital of Siberia, now part of the Tyumen Oblast, Russia. It is located at the confluence of rivers Tobol and Irtysh. The population of the city was 92,880 in the 2002 Russian Census.

istor
Tobolsk was founded by Yermak Timofeyevich"s Cossacks in 1585-1586 during the first Russian advance into Siberia near the ruins of the Siberia Khanate"s capital, Qashliq. It became the seat of the Viceroy of Siberia and prospered on trade with China and Bukhara. It was there that the first school, theatre, and newspaper in Siberia were established. In "The Further Adventures of Robinson Crusoe", Daniel Defoe made his Robinson Crusoe character stay in Tobolsk from September 1703 to June 1704. After the Swedish defeat at Poltava in 1709, large numbers of that war"s prisoners were sent to Tobolsk. They numbered perhaps 25 % (sic) of the population. This probably has to do with the "Swedish Chamber", see below. Many POWs were not repatriated until the 1720s, and some of them settled permanently in Tobolsk.
A map from a 1773 atlas showing Tobolsk as the center of a large Tobolsk "okrug" (district) and of an even larger Province of Tobolsk, as well as the "Capital of Siberia".

After administrative division of the territory, Tobolsk remained the seat of the Governor-General of Western Siberia until the seat was moved to Omsk in the 1820s or 1830s. Bowing to the city"s authority, many Siberian towns, including Omsk, Tyumen, and Tomsk, had their original arms display the Tobolsk insignia. Omsk honors the legacy to this day.

Until the Russian Revolution of 1917, the city served as the capital of the Tobolsk guberniya. The chemist Dmitri Mendeleev and the painter Vasily Perov are the most famous natives of the city. Some of the Decembrists were exiled and lived there as well. The city"s importance declined when the Trans-Siberian Railway bypassed it in the 1890s.
In August 1917, after the February Revolution, Tsar Nicholas II and his family were brought here to live in relative luxury in the former house of the Governor-General. After the White Army approached the city in spring of 1918, the royal family was moved to Yekaterinburg and shot there, ending the imperial Romanov dynasty.

The economy of modern Tobolsk centers on a major oil refinery. Some traditional crafts, such as bone-carving, are also preserved.

ain sight
Tobolsk is the only town in Siberia and one of the few in Russia which has a standing stone "kremlin", or elaborate city-fortress, from the turn of the 17th and 18th centuries. Its white walls and towers with an ensemble of churches and palatial buildings spectacularly sited on a high river bank were proclaimed a national historical and architectural treasure in 1870.

The principal monuments in the kremlin are the Cathedral of St. Sophia (1683-1686), a merchant courtyard (1703-1705), an episcopal palace (1773-1775) (now it is a museum of local lore), and the so-called Swedish Chamber, with six baroque halls (1713-1716). The city contains some remarkable baroque and Neoclassical churches from the 18th and 19th centuries. Also noteworthy is a granite monument to Yermak, constructed to a design by Alexander Brullov in 1839.The city"s neighbourhood is rich in ancient kurgans and pagan shrines. Some of these date back to the 10th century BC.

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
Tobolsk is twinned with:
* Council Bluffs, USA.
* Peć, Serbia.

eference


xternal link
*http://mytob.ru/
*http://etobolsk.ru/
*http://news.tob.ru/
*http://www.towns.ru/towns/tobolsk.html




Category:
Category:Settlements established in 1587

af:Tobolsk
ar:توبولسك
be:Горад Табольск
bg:Тоболск
cy:Tobolsk
de:Tobolsk
et:Tobolsk
es:Tobolsk
eo:Tobolsk
fr:Tobolsk
ko:토볼스크
hr:Tobolsk
os:Тобольск
it:Tobol"sk
la:Tobolium
lt:Tobolskas
hu:Tobolszk
nl:Tobolsk
ja:トボリスク
no:Tobolsk
nn:Tobolsk
pl:Tobolsk
pt:Tobolsk
ro:Tobolsk
ru:Тобольск
sk:Toboľsk
sl:Tobolsk
sr:Тобољск
fi:Tobolsk
sv:Tobolsk
tt:Тубыл
tg:Тоболск
uk:Тобольськ
wa:Tobolsk
zh:托博爾斯克
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 18.08.2019 07:40 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
Overview
 

 

Kommentare zu diesem Artikel
 
Neuer Kommentar
Name *
Email * (wird nicht öffentlich angezeigt)
Kommentar
* Pflichtangaben
 
Diesen Artikel empfehlen

Absender Empfänger Nachricht (optional)
Name
E-Mail

Name
E-Mail
   
 
 
Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Reiseportal
 
REISEPORTAL
"Russia", ("Russian" Росси́я, transliteration "Rossiya") - officially known as the "Russian Federation" ("Russian" Росси́йская Федера́ция, transliteration
"Russia" (; ), officially known as both Russia and the "Russian Federation"The names Russian Federation and Russia shall be equal". (), is a state in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising
"Neftekamsk" () is a city in the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia. It is located at ca .The town covers an area of ca 143 km2, and is on the river Kama, 220 km from Ufa. The town borders on the Krasnokamskiy and Yanaulskiy districts of
"Ulan-Ude" (; ) is the capital city of the Buryat Republic, Russia, is located about 100 km south-east of Lake Baikal on the Uda River at its confluence with the Selenga. According to the 2002 Census, 359,391 residents lived in Ulan-Ude, up
"Togliatti" may refer to:* Eugenio G. Togliatti, mathematician who discovered Togliatti surfaces*Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party* For the Russian city named after him, see Tolyatticv:Тольятти
:"For the Barnaul meteorite of 1904, see Meteorite falls. For the bird, see barn owl.""Barnaul" () is a city and the administrative center of Altai Krai, Russia. Barnaul is situated in the southwest of the Siberian Federal District on the Ob River.
 
Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Nachrichtenportal
 
NACHRICHTEN
Russia's long-time ambassador to the United Nations, Vitaly Churkin, died "suddenly" in New York on Monday, a day before his 65th birthday, Russia's Foreign Ministry spokeswoman said. Moscow (dpa) - "A great diplomat, an
Russian President Vladimir Putin on Monday suspended a deal with the United States to dispose of excess supplies of weapons-grade plutonium, citing a large deterioration in bilateral ties. Moscow/Washington (dpa) - Russia will not proceed with the
Two Russian military aircraft recently flew under an Icelandic passenger jet without their transponders activated, raising queries about risky behaviour, an Icelandic daily said Monday. Reykjavik (dpa) - The two Tu-22M bombers were observed Thursday
Russia's lone athletics team member at the Rio Games, long jumper Darya Klishina, on Monday welcomed the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) ruling to allow her to compete and is thankful she can turn her attention to the competition. Rio de
Wetter

Moskau


(18.08.2019 07:40)

-16 / -7 °C


19.08.2019
-19 / -14 °C
20.08.2019
-20 / -13 °C
powered by wetter.com
Stock News

Ecken
LÄNDER
STÄDTE
EUROPA-TOUREN

Agenda - The Week Ahea ...
Agenda - The Week Ahea ...

Afghan Farah Governor ...
Ministry Warns Cinema ...

Puigdemont won't seek ...
Turkish tensions with ...

URGENT: Norway's Bjoe ...
China highlights Beiji ...

© europe online publishing house GmbH, Weiden, Germany, info@europeonline-magazine.eu | Impressum