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Thun

Switzerland, Thun
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Thun

"Thun" () is a municipality in the district of Thun in the canton of Bern in Switzerland with about 42,136 inhabitants (near 90"000 in the agglomeration) (1 January 2006).

It is located where the River Aare flows out of Lake Thun (Thunersee), 30 km south of Bern.
Besides tourism, machine and apparatus engineering, the largest garrison of the country, the food industry and publishing are of economic importance to Thun.

History
Castle Thun over City Hall Square
Street in the Old Town
The area of what is now Thun was inhabited since the Neolithic age (mid-3rd millennium BC). The name of the city derives from the Celtic term "Dunum", meaning "fortified city". It fell to Rome in 58 BC, when Roman legions conquered almost all Switzerland, and soon became one of the main centres of Roman administration in the region.

The Romans were driven off from Thun, along with the whole of Switzerland, by the Burgundians around 400 AD. The Aare became the frontier between the Christian Burgundians and the Pagan, German-speaking Alemanni, who lived north. Thun was mentioned for the first time during the 7th century, in the chronicle of Frankish monk Fredgar.

The region of Thun became a part of the Holy Roman Empire in 1033, when Conrad II gained the title of King of Burgundy. The emperors entrusted the Zähringen family, centred in Bern, to subdue the unruly nobles of central Switzerland. Around 1190 Duke Bertold V of Zähringen, built a castle in Thun and expanded the city. After Bertold"s death in 1218, his territories went to Ulrich III von Kyburg.

In 1264 Thun received state rights and in 1384 the town was bought by the canton of Bern. Thun was the capital of the Oberland canton of the Helvetic Republic.

In 1819 a Military School was founded in the city, which later developed in the main military school in Switzerland. Thun was connected to the railway network of Switzerland in 1859 and telephone access made available in 1888.

eograph
Thun has an area of . Of this area, 32.1% is used for agricultural purposes, while 19.7% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 45.6% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (2.5%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).

emographic
Thun has a population () of 41,642, of which 11.1% are foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 5.6%. Most of the population () speaks German (90.5%), with Italian being second most common ( 1.8%) and Albanian being third ( 1.3%).

In the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP which received 29.2% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (22.1%), the Green Party (14.1%) and the FDP (13.8%).

The age distribution of the population () is children and teenagers (0-19 years old) make up 20.1% of the population, while adults (20-64 years old) make up 60.8% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 19%. The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Thun about 74.9% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either University or a "Fachhochschule").

Thun has an unemployment rate of 2.89%. , there were 210 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 58 businesses involved in this sector. 6012 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 397 businesses in this sector. 16733 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 1682 businesses in this sector. accessed 17-Jul-2009

Main sights
View of Thun and Lake Thun from the Niederhorn.
The Castle of Schadau in an early 20th century image
Eiger, Mönch and Jungfrau
* The Castle (twelfth century) with a history museum. This has several sections about medieval armors and weaponry and rural life.
* The Rathaus (townhall), erected in the sixteenth century
* Lake Thun and the view of the Alps: Niederhorn, Niesen, Stockhorn.
* The Wocher Panorama, the oldest remaining panorama drawing in the world.
* The Kunstmuseum Thun
* Schloss Schadau

Sports
* Soccer: FC Thun plays in the Swiss Challenge League. Their home ground is the "Lachen" stadium. On 23 August 2005 FC Thun qualified for the group stages of the UEFA Champions League.
* Orienteering: Thun hosted the 1981 World Orienteering Championships.
* Freestyle Kayak: Thun will host the .

In fiction

An important scene in the spy novel "Smiley"s People" by John le Carré is set here.

Notable residents
* Tanja Frieden, Olympic gold medalist 2006 (Snowboard Cross)
* Niklaus Gerber (1850-1914), Dairy chemist and industrialist




External links

* Official city website
*
* with archive since 2005


eference




Category:Cities in Switzerland
Category:Municipalities of Bern
Category:Castles in Switzerland

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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 13.04.2021 09:02 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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