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Tartu

Estonia, Tartu
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overnmen

Emajõe Centre commercial building.
There are 49 members on the town council, elected by residents every four years using a proportional system of representation.

The executive branch of the town government consists of a mayor and five deputy mayors. The current mayor is Urmas Kruuse. Andrus Ansip, the current Prime Minister of Estonia, was mayor for many years. Both Ansip and Kruuse are members of the Estonian Reform Party, which has dominated in Tartu in recent times.

Population
According to the Statistics Estonia, Tartu"s population comprised the following self-reported ethnic groups as of 2008:




Tartu"s historic population is presented in the following table, based on data from official censuses since 1881 and Estonian Statistical Office:
Population of Tartu (in thousands) from 1990–2009. Data by "Statistics Estonia".




conom

Mostly known as a university town, Tartu is also a site of heavy industry. In the beginning of the 21st century, many ICT enterprises and other high-tech companies have taken a foothold in Tartu. Notable examples include Playtech Estonia, Webmedia and Raintree Estonia. Skype has an office in Tartu. The university is one of the largest employers, which explains the large proportion of highly skilled professionals – researchers, professors, doctors.

ducation and cultur
The fountain "Kissing Students" () reminds visitors that the University of Tartu and its students have a profound effect on life in Tartu.

The city is best known for being home to the University of Tartu, founded under King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden in 1632. Mainly for this reason, Tartu is also – tongue-in-cheek – known as "Athens of the Emajõgi" or as "Heidelberg of the North".

Tartu is also the seat of the Estonian University of Life Sciences, the Baltic Defence College, Estonian Aviation Academy (formerly known as Tartu Aviation College), and the Estonian Ministry of Education and Research. Other notable institutions include the Estonian Supreme Court (re-established in Tartu in autumn 1993), the Estonian Historical Archives and Estonian national theatre Vanemuine.

ain sight

The architecture and city planning of historical Tartu mainly go back to the pre-independence period, with Germans forming the upper and middle classes of society, and therefore contributing many architects, professors and local politicians.

Most notable are the old Lutheran St. John"s Church (, ), the 18th-century town hall, the university building, ruins of the 13th-century cathedral, the botanical gardens, the main shopping street, many buildings around the town hall square and Barclay Square.

The historical slum area called Supilinn ("Soup Town") is located on the bank of river Emajõgi, near the town centre and is regarded as one of the few surviving "poor" neighbourhoods of 19th century Europe. At the moment Supilinn is being rapidly renovated, undergoing a slow transformation from the historic slum into a prestigious high-class neighborhood. The active community embodied by the Supilinn Society is committed to preserving the heritage.

The Second World War destroyed large parts of the city centre and during the Soviet occupation many new buildings were erected – notably the new Vanemuine Theater. The effects of the war are still witnessed by the relative abundance of parks and greenery in the historic centre. In the suburbs, classic Soviet neighbourhoods – blocks of high-rise flats – were built during the period between WW2 and restoration of Estonian independence in 1991.

Presently, Tartu is also known for several modern, rather sterile-looking buildings of the "steel, concrete and glass" variation, but has managed to retain a healty mix of old and new buildings in the centre of town.

Tartu"s large student population means that it has a comparatively thriving nightlife, with many bars, restaurants, and nightclubs.

Annually, in the summer, Tartu hosts the Hansa Days Festival () to celebrate the Hanseatic heritage under the motto "History lives" when the old town bustles with activity from handicraft markets and historic workshops to a jousting tournament.

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
Tartu is twinned with:


aller


File:Tartu Ülikool.jpg|Tartu University main building
File:Tartu, botanická zahrada.jpeg|Botanical Gardens
File:Turuhoone_night_2008.JPG|Historical market building
File:Tartu_Cathedral_Ruins_3.JPG|Cathedral ruins

File:Town_Hall23_2008.JPG|Town Hall in autumn
File:Engelsbrücke Dämmerung.JPG|Angel"s Bridge at dusk in winter
File:Suudlevad-tudengid.jpg|The Kissing Students sculpture
File:Wifi accesspoint in tartu estonia.jpg|In front of the University Cafe

File:Hanseatic Days of Tartu 2007 Estonia2.JPG|Hanseatic Days celebration
File:Barclay square 2007.jpg|Barclay Square
File:Tartu 1866.jpg|Tartu in 1866



ee als

* University of Tartu
* Estonia

eference



External links

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Category:Cities and towns in Estonia
Category:Municipalities of Estonia
Category:University towns

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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 10.07.2020 05:30 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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dministrative district200pxFor local government purposes, is subdivided into 8 administrative districts (, singular "linnaosa"). The district governments are city institutions that fulfill, in the territory of their district, the functions assigned
dministrative district200pxFor local government purposes, is subdivided into 8 administrative districts (, singular "linnaosa"). The district governments are city institutions that fulfill, in the territory of their district, the functions assigned
overnmenEmajõe Centre commercial building.There are 49 members on the town council, elected by residents every four years using a proportional system of representation. The executive branch of the town government consists of a mayor and five deputy
overnmenEmajõe Centre commercial building.There are 49 members on the town council, elected by residents every four years using a proportional system of representation. The executive branch of the town government consists of a mayor and five deputy
overnmenEmajõe Centre commercial building.There are 49 members on the town council, elected by residents every four years using a proportional system of representation. The executive branch of the town government consists of a mayor and five deputy
overnmenEmajõe Centre commercial building.There are 49 members on the town council, elected by residents every four years using a proportional system of representation. The executive branch of the town government consists of a mayor and five deputy
 
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