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Tarragona

Spain, Tarragona
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"Tarragona" () is a city located in the south of Catalonia and east of Spain, by the Mediterranean Sea. It is the capital of the Spanish province of the same name and the capital of the Catalan comarca Tarragonès. In the medieval and modern times it was the capital of the Vegueria of Tarragona. As of the 2009 census, the city had a population of 140,323, and the population of the entire metropolitan area was estimated to be 675,921.

istor

In Roman times, the city was named "Tarraco" () and was capital of the province of Hispania Tarraconensis (after being capital of Hispania Citerior in the Republican era).Ptolemy, ii. 6. § 17) The Roman colony founded at Tarraco had the full name of "Colonia Iulia Urbs Triumphalis Tarraco".

Some experts suggest that the city was an Iberic town called "Kesse" or "Kosse", derived of the iberic tribe of those region: the "cosetians".Smith suggests that the city was probably founded by the Phoenicians, who called it "Tarchon", which, according to Samuel Bochart, means a citadel. This name was probably derived from its situation on a high rock, between 700 and 800 feet above the sea; whence we find it characterised as "arce potens Tarraco".(Auson. "Class. Urb." 9; "cf." "Mart." x. 104.) It was seated on the river Sulcis or Tulcis (modern Francolí), on a bay of the Mare Internum (Mediterranean Sea), between the Pyrenees and the river Iberus (modern Ebro).(Mela, ii. 6; Plin. iii. 3. s. 4.) Livy mentions a "portus Tarraconis"; (xxii. 22) and according to Eratosthenes it had a naval station or roads ();("ap." Strabo iii. p. 159) but Artemidorus says with more probability that it had none, and scarcely even an anchoring place; and Strabo himself calls it .("ap." Strab. "l. c."; Polyb. iii. 76)
View of Gothic quarter and Cathedral of Tarragona.
This answers better to its present condition; for though a mole was constructed in the 15th century with the materials of the ancient amphitheatre, and another subsequently by an Englishman named John Smith, it still affords but little protection for shipping. (Ford"s Handbook of Spain, p. 222.) Tarraco lies on the main road along the south-eastern coast of the Iberian Peninsula.(Itin. Ant. pp. 391, 396, 399, 448, 452.) It was fortified and much enlarged by the brothers Publius and Gnaeus Scipio, who converted it into a fortress and arsenal against the Carthagenians. Subsequently it became the capital of the province named after it, a Roman colony, and conventus juridicus.Pliny "l. c."; Tacitus "Ann." i. 78; Gaius Julius Solinus 23, 26; Polybius x. 34; Livy xxi. 61; Stephanus of Byzantium p. 637.

Augustus wintered at Tarraco after his Cantabrian campaign, and bestowed many marks of honor on the city, among which were its honorary titles of "Colonia Victrix Togata" and "Colonia Julia Victrix Tarraconensis". The city also minted coins.(Grut. "Inscr." p. 382; Orelli, no. 3127; coins in Eckhel, i. p. 27; Florez, "Med." ii. p. 579; Théodore Edme Mionnet, i. p. 51, Suppl. i. p. 104; Sestini, p. 202.) According to Mela it was the richest town on that coast,("l. c.") and Strabo represents its population as equal to that of Carthago Nova (modern Cartagena). Its fertile plain and sunny shores are celebrated by Martial and other poets; and its neighborhood is described as producing good wine and flax. (Mart. x. 104, xiii. 118; Sil. Ital. iii. 369, xv. 177; Plin. xiv. 6. s. 8, xix. 1. s. 2.)

ncient remain

There are still many important ancient remains at Tarragona. Part of the bases of large Cyclopean walls near the Cuartel de Pilatos are thought to pre-date the Romans. The building just mentioned, a prison in the 19th century, is said to have been the palace of Augustus. But Tarraco, like most other ancient towns which have continued to be inhabited, has been pulled to pieces by its own citizens for the purpose of obtaining building materials. The amphitheatre near the sea-shore has been used as a quarry, and but few vestiges of it now remain. A circus, 1500 feet long, was built over in the area now called "Plaça de la Font", though portions of it are still to be traced. Throughout the town Latin, and even apparently Phoenician, inscriptions on the stones of the houses proclaim the desecration that has been perpetrated. Two ancient monuments, at some little distance from the town, have, however, fared rather better. The first of these is a magnificent aqueduct, which spans a valley about 4 km north of the city. It is 217 m in length, and the loftiest arches, of which there are two tiers, are 26 m high. There is a monument about 6 km along the coast road east of the city, commonly called the "Tower of the Scipios"; but there is no authority for assuming that they were buried here.("Cf." Ford, "Handbook", p. 219, "seq."; Florez, "Esp. Sagr." xxix. p. 68, "seq."; Miñano, "Diccion." viii. p. 398.)


Amphitheatr

The Roman amphitheatre, next to the sea, was built in the second century.

Roman Aqueduct

In the forest a few kilometers north of the city, a Roman arch bridge carrying an aqueduct has been preserved. It is known locally as "Devil"s Bridge" ("El Pont del Diable" in Catalan, or "El Puente del Diablo" in Spanish).


odern Tarragon
Tarragona is home to a large port and the Universitat Rovira i Virgili. Much of its economic activity comes from a large number of chemical industries located in the city or in surrounding areas.

Tarragona tourist attractions include the Museum of Archaeology and the Roman ruins of Tarraco, which has been designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Tarragona has a wall surrounding the old city, too. There are two gates through the wall of Tarragona: the "Portal del Roser" and the "Portal de Sant Antoni".

The main living heritage is the Popular Retinue -a great parade of dances, bestiary and spoken dances- and the human towers. They specially participate in Santa Tecla Festival. They are so popular in Tarragona and also in all Catalonia that they have got their own home. It is called "Casa de la Festa", Festivities House, where you can visit them all the year.

A number of good beaches, some awarded a prestigious Blue Flag designation, line the Mediterranean coast near the city.

Tarragona is located near the holiday resort of Salou and the theme park Port Aventura, one of the largest in Europe.

The city is located few miles away from Reus Airport, which has many low-cost destinations and charter-flights (over a million passengers per year). Reus is the second city of Tarragona area (101,767 inhabitants in 2006), known by its commercial activity and for being the place were the architect Gaudi was born.


File:E5327-Tarragona-Roman-wall.jpg|General view.
File:Tarragona Ampitheatre.jpg|Tarragona Amphitheatre.
File:Spain.Tarragona.Portal.Sant.Antoni.00.A.jpeg|Portal de Sant Antoni.
File:Tarragona.Via.Imperial.jpg|Via Imperial.
File:Spain.Tarragona.Catedral.Pla.Seu.00.JPG|Facade of the cathedral.
File:Cathedral of Tarragona 02.jpg|Back facade of the cathedral.
File:E5371-Tarragona-Aqueduct.jpg|Roman aqueduct of Tarragona.
File:TarragonaTorreScipioni.jpg|Torre dels Escipions.
File:festa_major.jpg|Santa Tecla.
File:Tarragona.Pretorio.jpg|Pretorio Tower.
File:Tarragona Kathedrale.JPG|View of Tarragona and its catedral.
File:Roman circus of Tarraco 01.jpg|Ruins of the ancient Roman circus of Tarraco


ajor Event
Entrance of the Tarragona Cathedral
Carrer Major during Santa Tecla Festival

* Carnivals in Tarragona.

One of the most important and interesting carnivals in Catalonia, with one of the most complete ritual sequences of the Catalan carnivals, so local and so universal that this is the synthesis that makes it special.


* "Tarragona international dixieland festival".

The unique dixieland festival in Spain and one of the most important in Europe: 25 bands and 100 concerts and activities the week before Holy Week.


* "Tarraco Viva"

One of the most important Roman re-creations of the world. A lot of groups around Europe recreate the Roman world: from the Roman legions, to daily life. It"s celebrated between 10 and 20 May.

* "Tarragona International Fireworks Displays Competition".

The most important fireworks contest in the Mediterranean area is held every first week of July in Tarragona, in a wonderful bay - Punta del Miracle -, a place praised by the famous architect Antoni Gaudí. The competition selects six international pyrotechnic companies every year.



* "Sant Magí Festival in Tarragona"

The second traditional religious festival in Tarragona, between 15 and 19 August.


* "Santa Tecla Festival in Tarragona"

One of the most important Mediterranean traditional festivals, between 15 and 24 September. It has been celebrated since 1321 and it is considered of national touristic interest by the state.


* Tarragona is a candidate to be the Spanish representative as European Capital of Culture in 2016

ther informatio


*" U2 Vertigo Music Video"
The Music Video for the hit single "Vertigo" from U2"s album "How To Dismantle An Atomic Bomb" was filmed near Deltebre, in southern Tarragona in September 2004.

*"La Gran Familia"
Major sequences from the feature film "La Gran Familia" were shot on location in Tarragona in 1962.

*"Mazinger Z"s statue"
Within Tarragona"s vicinity, there is a small town that has a real-sized statue of Mazinger Z, a Super Robot from the classic Japanese anime of the same name.

Panoramic view as seen from Fortí de la Reina.

Northwest of the city.

Rambla Nova.

Panoramic view

Old city


nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie

Tarragona is twinned with:


ee als
* Archdiocese of Tarragona.
* Royal Tarragona Yacht Club.

eference
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xternal link

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* by "The Guardian"





Category:Ancient mints
Category:Archaeological sites in Spain
Category:Tarragonès
Category:Municipalities in Tarragona
Category:Phoenician colonies in Spain
Category:Mediterranean port cities and towns in Spain
Category:Roman sites in Spain
Category:
Category:Tourism in Spain



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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 18.11.2018 07:41 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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