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Tallinn

Estonia, Tallinn
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dministrative district
200px

For local government purposes, is subdivided into 8 administrative districts (, singular "linnaosa"). The district governments are city institutions that fulfill, in the territory of their district, the functions assigned to them by legislation and statutes.

Each district government is managed by an Elder (). He or she is appointed by the City Government on the nomination of the Mayor and after having heard the opinion of the Administrative Councils. The function of the Administrative Councils is to recommend, to the City Government and Commissions of the City Council, how the districts should be administered.


opulatio

The registered population of is 406,341 (as of November 1, 2009).

According to Eurostat, in 2004 had the largest number of nonEU nationals of all EU member states" capital cities. As of 2009 around 22% of its population are not EU citizens.

In addition to the native Estonian language (which is of the FinnoUgric group, closely related to the Finnish language), Russian, Finnish and English are widely understood in .



conom
In addition to longtime functions as seaport and capital city, has seen development of an information technology sector in recent years; in its 13 December 2005, edition, "The New York Times" characterized Estonia as "a sort of Silicon Valley on the Baltic Sea." One of "s sister cities is the Silicon Valley town of Los Gatos, California. Skype is one of the bestknown of several IT startups, and a first venture capital firm was founded in 2005. Many are housed in the Sovietera Institute of Cybernetics, which is said to be one of the seeds for Estonian adoption of computing technology. Despite this, the most important economic sectors of are the light, textile, and food industry, as well as the service and government sector. There is a small fleet of ocean goingtrawlers that operate out of .

ducatio
Institutions of higher education and science include:

* University
* University of Technology
* Estonian Academy of Music and Theatre
* Estonian Academy of Arts
* Public Service Academy
* Estonian Evangelical Lutheran Church Institute of Theology

ouris
Alexander Nevsky Cathedral built in 1894–1900.
Since independence, improving air and sea transport links with Western Europe and Estonia"s accession to the European Union have made easily accessible to tourists.

Estonia has made rapid economic progress since independence and this is reflected in local prices. Although not extortionate, neither are prices as cheap as in other former Eastern Bloc countries.

St. Catherine"s Passage

The main attractions are in the two old towns (Lower Town and Toompea) which are both easily explored on foot. Eastern districts around Pirita and Kadriorg are also worth visiting and the Estonian Open Air Museum (") in Rocca al Mare, west of the city, preserves aspects of Estonian rural culture and architecture.

oompea – Upper Tow
This area was once a separate town (Dom zu Reval), the residence of the Chivalry of Estonia, Roman Catholic bishops of (until 1561) and Lutheran superintendents of Estonia, occupying an easily defensible site overlooking the surrounding districts. The major attractions are the walls and various bastions of Castrum Danorum, the Russian Orthodox Alexander Nevsky Cathedral (built during the period of Russian Empire, the church was built on a site that formerly housed a statue of Martin Luther) and the Lutheran Cathedral (") and the old Estonian Royal Palace now the Parliament building.

llLinn – Lower Tow
Viru Gate, entrance to the Old Town. One of two remaining towers that were once part of a larger gate system built in the 14th century

Part of Lower Town city wall
This area is one of the best preserved old towns in Europe and the authorities are continuing its rehabilitation. Major sights include Raekoja plats (Town Hall square), the town walls and towers (notably "Fat Margaret" and "Kiek in de Kök") and St Olaf church tower (124 m).

adrior
Kadriorg Palace
This is 2 kilometres east of the centre and is served by buses and trams. The former palace of Peter the Great, built just after the Great Northern War, now houses (part of) the Art Museum of Estonia, presidential residence and the surrounding grounds include formal gardens and woodland. Restored 2001–2004 with a large donation from the Swedish Government

The new residence of the Art Museum of Estonia: KUMU (Kunstimuuseum, Art Museum) was built several years ago.

irit
This coastal district is a further 2 kilometres northeast of Kadriorg. The marina was built for the Moscow Olympics of 1980, and boats can be hired on the Pirita River. Two kilometres inland are the Botanic Gardens and the television tower.


ranspor
The port of , seen from the tower of the St. Olaf"s Church

ity transpor

The city operates a system of bus (62 lines), tram (4 lines) and trolleybus (8 lines) routes to all districts. A flatfare system is used. Payment is made either by prepurchase of tickets at streetside kiosks or by a purchase from the transport vehicle.

i
The Lennart Meri Airport is about four kilometres from Raekoja plats (Town Hall square). There is a local bus connection between the airport and the edge of the city centre (bus no. 2). The nearest railway station Ülemiste is only 1.5 km from the airport.

The construction of the new section of the airport began in 2007 and was finished in summer 2008.

There has been a helicopter service to and from Helsinki operated by Copterline and taking 18 minutes to cross the Gulf of Finland. The Copterline terminal is located adjacent to Linnahall, five minutes from the city center. After a crash near in August 2005, service was suspended but restarted in 2008 with a new fleet. The operator cancelled it again in December 2008, on grounds of unprofitability.

ail and roa
The Edelaraudtee railway company operates train services from to Tartu, Valga, Türi, Viljandi, Tapa, Narva, Orava, and Pärnu. Buses are also available to all these and various other destinations in Estonia, as well as to Saint Petersburg in Russia and Riga in Latvia. The Go Rail company operates a daily international sleeper train service between Moscow.

also has a commuter rail service running from "s main rail station in two main directions: east (Aegviidu) and to several western destinations (Pääsküla, Keila, Riisipere, Paldiski, Klooga and Kloogaranna). These are electrified lines and are used by the Elektriraudtee railroad company. The trains are a mixture of modernised older Soviet EMU"s and newly built units. The first electrified train service in was opened in 1924 from to Pääsküla, a distance of 11.2 kilometres.

The Rail Baltica project, which will link with Warsaw via Latvia and Lithuania, will connect with the rest of the European rail network. A tunnel has been proposed between and Helsinki, though it remains at a planning phase.

The Via Baltica motorway (part of European route E67 from Helsinki to Prague) connects to the Lithuanian/Polish border through Latvia.

Frequent and affordable longdistance bus routes connect with other parts of Estonia.

err
Tallink"s ferries and TV Tower
:"See also: Ports of the Baltic Sea"
Several ferry operators, Viking Line, Linda Line Express, Tallink and Eckerö Line, connect to

* Helsinki (Finland)
* Åland (Finland)
* Stockholm (Sweden)
* Rostock (Germany).

The most popular passenger lines connect to Helsinki (83 kilometres north of ) in approximately 90 minutes by fast ferries or 2–3.5 hours by cruiseferries.

Former ferry operators SuperSeaCat and "Nordic Jet Line" declared bankruptcy in October 2008.

nternational relation
win towns – sister citie

participates in international town twinning schemes to foster good international relations. Partners include:


ee als
*Battle of Lyndanisse
*Castrum Danorum
*Evacuation of (1941)
*Eurovision Song Contest 2002
*Legends of
* TV Tower
* Marathon
*Tõnismägi
*Raeapteek
*Toompea

eferences and note


* Mark Ländler, , "The New York Times", December 13, 2005.



xternal link


* (official)
*
* on Wikitravel
*













Category:Port cities and towns of the Baltic Sea
Category:Capitals in Europe
Category:Members of the
Category:Coastal settlements in Estonia




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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 19.09.2019 15:48 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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REISEPORTAL
"Estonia" (;; ), officially the "Republic of Estonia" (), is a state in the Baltic Region of Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea, to the south by Latvia (343 km),
"Kuressaare" () is a town and a municipality on island in Estonia. It is the capital of Saare County. The current population is about 15,300.The town is situated on the coast of Gulf of Riga and is served by Kuressaare Airport.Kuressaare castle
overnmenEmajõe Centre commercial building.There are 49 members on the town council, elected by residents every four years using a proportional system of representation. The executive branch of the town government consists of a mayor and five deputy
overnmenEmajõe Centre commercial building.There are 49 members on the town council, elected by residents every four years using a proportional system of representation. The executive branch of the town government consists of a mayor and five deputy
"Valga" may refer to:*a town called Valga in Estonian; cf. Valka (in Latvia)*Valga, a town in Galicia, Spaines:Valga (desambiguación)gl:Valga (homónimos)it:Valganl:Valgann:Valgapt:Valga
dministrative district200pxFor local government purposes, is subdivided into 8 administrative districts (, singular "linnaosa"). The district governments are city institutions that fulfill, in the territory of their district, the functions assigned
 
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Tallinn


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