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Surgut

Russia, Surgut
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Transfiguration Cathedral in Surgut

"Surgut" () is a city in Russia, on the Ob River near its junction with the Irtysh River, the largest in Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug and second largest in Tyumen Oblast. Its population according to the 2002 Census was 285,027 (291,800 in 2005 and 298,500 in 2009).

Surgut is one of the oldest Siberian cities. It was founded in 1594 by order of Tsar Feodor I.

The name of the city, according to one tradition, originates from the Khanty words "sur" (fish) and "gut" (hole, pit).

The urbanization of Surgut took place in the 1960s, when it became a center of oil and gas production. On June 25, 1965 the working settlement of Surgut was reorganized into a city. The city"s birthday is celebrated yearly on June 12.

The current mayor of Surgut is Alexander Leonidovich Sidorov (since 1996). He oversaw the construction of the Surgut Bridge, the longest one-tower cable-stayed bridge in the world.

conom
Also Surgut well known as the Oil Capital of Russia. Surgut"s economy is tied to oil production and the processing of natural gas. The most important enterprises are the oil firm "Surgutneftegaz" (often known as Surgut) and "Surgutgazprom" (a unit of Gazprom). Surgut electric plants GRES-1 and GRES-2 produce over 7200 megawatts and supply most of the region with relatively cheap electricity.

por
*Universitet Surgut - basketball team in the Russian Basketball Super League

ranspor
The city is served by Surgut Airport, which offers flights to Moscow, Dubai, Saint Petersburg, Irkutsk, and a number of other cities.

The city is also a stop on the Tyumen–Novy Urengoy railway line. Going towards Tyumen, the next station is Salym, where Royal Dutch Shell has a substantial development. This section of the route takes about six hours. Also city located on Russian Route 404.

There is a port on the Ob river.

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
Surgut is twinned with:
* Katerini, Greece.
* Sioux Falls, South Dakota, United States.
* Zalaegerszeg, Hungary.

eference


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Category:
Category:Cities and towns in Tyumen Oblast

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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 21.11.2018 01:27 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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