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Stalowa Wola

Poland, Stalowa Wola
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"Stalowa Wola" () is the largest city and capital of with a population of 64,753 inhabitants, as of June 2009. It is located in south-eastern Poland in the Subcarpathian Voivodeship. It was previously located in the Tarnobrzeg Voivodeship between 1975–1998.

The city is located near the confluence of the Vistula and San rivers and covers an area of


Old Church of Saint Florian, patron saint of Poland, in Stalowa Wola
This part of traditionally Polish lands are known as Eastern Galicia. During the Partitions of Poland the area was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until World War I and as a result, benefited from the modernizing practices of the Austro-Hungarian Emperor, Franz Joseph I of Austria, who reigned during the 19th century, through World War I. For example, universal compulsory education was established in this territory to the benefit of all.

The Rozwad贸w suburb of Stalowa Wola was a thriving Jewish shtetl prior to World War II and was closely associated with Tarnobrzeg and other nearby shtetls including Ulan贸w, Mielec, Dzik贸w, etc. These communities, infused with vitality before 1939, were utterly destroyed during the the Holocaust after having been affected by World War I only some 20 years earlier. Jews in Rozwad贸w were a religiously observant community, i.e.,Traditional or Orthodox in practice. The leading rabbi of Rozwad贸w, similar to other rabbis of the region, followed Hasidism practice and was of the Horowitz family. In New York a Rozwadower Rebbe established a small synagogue on the upper West Side which continued for many decades after the War. There is a link to a yizkor book about Rozwad贸w which gives further notes on the Jewish life there. The Rozwad贸w synagogue was for the years before World War II, located on Attorney St. in the lower east side of NYC.

During World War II, Dr. Eugene Lazowski, a military doctor of the Polish underground Home Army, Armia Krajowa, created a fake epidemic of dangerous infectious disease, Epidemic Typhus in the town of Rozwad贸w (now a district of Stalowa Wola) and the surrounding villages and towns. He saved an estimated 8,000 Polish Jews from certain death in Nazi concentration camps during the Holocaust, performing his services in utmost secrecy under the threat of death punishment. Andrzej Pity帽ski, Museum of Stalowa Wola, Paula Davenport, Media & Communication Resources, Southern Illinois University, Yad Vashem, The Holocaust Martyrs" and Heroes" Remembrance Authority, Richard C. Lukas, "Out of the Inferno: Poles Remember the Holocaust", University Press of Kentucky 1989 - 201 pages. Page 13; also in Richard C. Lukas, "The Forgotten Holocaust: The Poles Under German Occupation, 1939-1944", University Press of Kentucky, 1986, .

Following the Holocaust, the remaining Jews were motivated to seek a new start in Palestine thanks to Berihah effort. A community of former Rozwad贸w citizens had been established in New York and continued its affinity long after World War II. Many former Rozwad贸w citizens of Jewish backgrounds moved to the fledgling State of Israel.


Avenue of Pope John Paul II in Stalowa Wola
The modern city is relatively young. It was established around a steel mill which was set up in order to manufacture high alloy steels and weapons - artillery, heavy machine guns in 1937. The name of the city means "Steel Will". However, it was built on the site of P艂awo, a village which had existed since the first half of the 15th century.

The steel mill (HSW S.A.) was a major part of a series of investments made by the Polish government in the years 1936–1939 to create the Central Industrial Region. This was to be a group of factories built in an area in the middle of the country, away from the borders with Germany and the USSR. It was designed to provide a reasonably secure location for the production of armaments and high technology goods.

The main employer is sill HSW S.A. (manufacturer of heavy machines and hi-quality alloys), then StahlSchmidt (producer of aluminium rims), then ESW-(coal power plant), Prefabet Stalowa Wola (building materials), Mostostal S.A. (steel construction-bridges, tanks and so on). Within this community, it is commonly referred to as HUTA.


Polish State Railways (PKP) provides scheduled connections to Lublin, Warsaw, Krak贸w, Katowice, Wroc艂aw, Rzesz贸w, Przemy艣l, Odessa (in Ukraine). Summer connections are available to TriCity (Gda艅sk, Gdynia and Sopot) and Hel. The city has several train stations that include: "Stalowa Wola", "Stalowa Wola South", "Stalowa Wola Centre" and "Stalowa Wola Rozwad贸w", and is a main rail junction. All four stations are located on main Przeworsk - Skarzysko-Kamienna line. Additionally, "Stalowa Wola Rozwad贸w" provides northwards connection with Lublin, and from "Stalowa Wola South" stems an eastwards line to Zamosc, via Zwierzyniec.

ZMKS is the city"s main public transit agency, operating a fleet of buses in Stalowa Wola and surrounding districts.

otable peopl

* Piotr Piechniak - Polish footballer (winger) playing currently for Odra Wodzis艂aw on
* Wojciech Fabianowski Polish footballer (striker) playing currently for Kmita Zabierz贸w.
* Artur Partyka - former Polish high jumper and two-time Olympic medallist.
* Marcin Andrzej Nowak - Track and field sprint athlete who competes internationally for Poland.,, ret: Aug 29, 2008
* Krzysztof Soszynski - Polish-Canadian professional mixed martial arts (MMA) fighter.
* Grzegorz Rosi艅ski - Polish comic book artist.
* Justyna Steczkowska - Polish singer, song-writer, and actress


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Category:Cities and towns in Subcarpathian Voivodeship

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lv:Stalova Vola
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uk:小褌邪谢褜芯胁邪 袙芯谢褟
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 21.03.2019 11:59 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.


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"Bydgoszcz" (, ) is a city located in northern Poland, on the Brda and Vistula rivers, with a population of 358,029 (June 2009), agglomeration more than 460 000, which makes it the 8th biggest city in Poland. It has been the co-capital with Toru艅
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