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Soroca

Moldavia, Soroca
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"Soroca" is a Moldovan city situated on the Dniester River about 160 km north of Chişinău. It is the administrative center of Soroca District.

History

Soroca Fortress.

The city has its origin in the medieval Genoese trade post of Olchionia, or Alchona. It is known for its well-preserved stronghold, established by the Moldavian Prince Stephen the Great ("Ştefan cel Mare" in Romanian) in 1499.

The original wooden fort, which defended a ford over the Dniester, was an important link in the chain of fortifications which comprised four forts (e.g. Akkerman and Khotin) on the Dniester, two forts on the Danube and three forts on the north border of medieval Moldavia. Between 1543 and 1546 under the rule of Petru Rareş, the fortress was rebuilt in stone as a perfect circle with five bastions situated at equal distances.

During the Great Turkish War, John Sobieski"s forces successfully defended the fortress against the Ottomans. It was of vital military importance during the Pruth Campaign of Peter the Great in 1711. The stronghold was sacked by the Russians in the Russo-Turkish War (1735–1739). The Soroca fortress is an important attraction in Soroca, having preserved cultures and kept the old Soroca in the present day.

The locality was greatly extended in the 19th century, during a period of relative prosperity. Soroca became a regional center featuring large squares, modernized streets, hospitals, grammar schools and conventionalized churches. In the Soviet period the town became an important industrial center for northern Moldova.http://www.turism.md/eng/city/18/

emographic

Population: 28,362 (2004); 42,225 (1989); 31,831
(1979)http://www.citypopulation.de/Moldova.html, 15,351 (1897)
http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/rus_lan_97_uezd_eng.php?reg=82

The town has a sizable Romani (Gypsy) minority and is popularly known as the "Romani capital of Moldova." Steve Kokker, Cathryn Kemp (2004) "Romania and Moldova" (a travel guide), ISBN 174104149X

eople from Soroc
*Samuel Bronfman (1889-1971), entrepreneur, former owner of Seagram
*Eugen Ţapu, (1983-2009) was a protestor in the post-election riots in Chişinău who died while in police custody.

eference


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Category:Cities in Moldova

bg:Сороки
da:Soroca
de:Soroca
fr:Soroca
nl:Soroca
nn:Soroca
pl:Soroki
crh:Soroka
ro:Soroca
ru:Сорока (город)
sv:Soroca
uk:Сороки (місто)
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 03.12.2020 20:53 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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