Skiurlaub- günstig mit FeWo-direkt
     
Hotelsuche in 
 

Silivri

Turkey, Silivri
Von Wikipedia - die freie Nachrichtenenzyklopädie   auf Facebook posten  Auf Twitter posten  
"Silivri" is a district of Istanbul Province along the Sea of Marmara in Turkey, outside of metropolitan Istanbul, containing many holiday and weekend homes for residents of the city.

The largest town in the district is also named Silivri.

Silivri is located at bordering Büyükçekmece to the east, Çatalca to the north, Çorlu and Marmara Ereğli (both districts of Tekirdağ) to the west and with the Sea of Marmara to the south. It is with an area of 860 km² the largest district of Istanbul. The seat of the district is the city of Silivri.

The district consists of 8 towns and 18 villages, and its population is 108,155 (2000 census). 44,530 in the city of Silivri, the remaining in the surrounding towns and villages - listed below.

istor
F. Hervé, Esq." (About 1832)
Courtesy of Gürhan Altan, Istanbul
Silivri, the ancient Greek "Selymbria" (or "Selybria"), preserved its importance in every era of history thanks to its natural harbor and its position on the major commercial roads. It was a colony of Megara founded on a 56 m high, steeply hill east of the bay, but excavations show that it was a Tracian settlement before it was a colony.

According to Strabon, the city"s name is a combination of the name of the mythological founder of the city, Selus, and the Thracian word for city , "bria" .

Silivri is the birthplace of the physician Herodicus, and was an ally of the Athenians in 351 BC. Until the second half of the 2nd century BC, the city could preserve its autonomy, but its neighbours Byzantium and Perinthos got more powerful,and the city was under their reign during the next centuries. The settlement was shrunk into a village under the governance of the Roman Empire. In the early 5th century, the town was officially renamed "Eudoxiòpolis" in Greek, during the reign of Byzantine emperor Arcadius (377 - 408), after his wife Aelia Eudoxia, though this name did not survive. In 805 AD, the Bulgarian Khan Kroum pillaged the town. In the late 9th century, Emperor Michael III (839 - 867) constructed a fortress on the top of the hill, the ruins of which still remain, during an era in which the Byzantine Empire suffered attacks by Saracen corsairs and Russians.

In 1346, the Ottomans became ally of the pretender for the Emperor John VI Cantacuzenus (1292 – 1383), and helped him against his rival John V Palaeologus (1332 – 1391). The same year, Sultan Orhan I married Theodora, the daughter of John VI in Selymbria.

In 1399, Selymbria fell to the Ottomans, marking their complete encirclement of Constantinople by land in Europe. Many contemporary observers believed from then on it was a mere matter of time before the Ottomans took the Byzantine capital. However after their disastrous defeat at the hands of Timur the Ottomans returned Selymbria and several other possessions to the Byzantines in 1403.

During the Fall of Constantinople in 1453, Silivri, along with Epibatos, stood up against the Ottoman armies, and surrendered only after the city had fallen. Selymbria extended out of the walls only during the Ottoman era, because the non-Muslim residents like Byzantines, Armenians and Jews lived within the city walls, and the Turks built their houses outside the walls at the coast. While the non-Muslims were engaged mostly in growing grapes, vinification and silk production, the Turks earned their life by fishing and making yogurt. The town remained a summer resort during the Ottoman time, as it was during the Byzantine era.

On the order of Suleiman the Magnificent, architect Sinan built 1562 a stone bridge with 33 arches just west of Silivri. The historical bridge, called "Uzunköprü" (The "Long Bridge"), is still in use today, however one arch is not visible due to sedimentation.

Prior to World War I, some Silivrian Jews immigrated to the town of Camaguey, Cuba . Bulgarians occupied Silivri on November 16, 1912 for 9 months until May 30, 1913.

During the war, many more Sephardim in the town left as conditions worsened due to the war. Many Jews at the time were pro-Turkish, as opposed to the Greeks and Armenians of the Ottoman Empire, who instead supported the Allied war effort. Many of these Turkish Jews emigrated to the United States settling primarily in New York and Seattle. Others went to Palestine, France and South America.

According to the Treaty of Sevres, Silivri became a part of Greece on July 20, 1920. However, Italians took it over from the withdrawing Greek troops on October 22, 1922, according to the Truce of Mudania. Finally, Turkish forces entered Silivri on November 1, 1922 .

oliday resor
Silivri and highway from air
During the summer months, the population increases 4-5 times. Silivri is far from the city center of Istanbul, and is a popular summer resort for many Istanbul residents with its long coast. It is on the highway and the motorway , which connect Turkey to Europe via Edirne. It takes about an hour and a half to get here from the city so is feasible for use in the summer months as a weekend and holiday retreat, although the road out here is heaving with traffic in summer.

Being so accessible from Istanbul the Marmara coast has long been used for holidaying by Istanbul"s people. As the city has grown these facilities have moved further and further away. Once Florya and Yeşiköy were resorts, today it"s Tekirdağ and even further. Silivri had its heyday in the 60"s and 70s as families would come by the busload to complexes of holiday flats that were built on the beach. Most had their own stretch of beach, perhaps with their neighbours" raw sewage running straight into the sea. The Marmara Sea here has suffered from pollution in the 80s and 90s but now efforts have been made to clean it up and people do swim. Some of these places have sports centres, discos, go-kart tracks, games rooms for the kids etc and many Istanbul families have pleasant memories of trips to Silivri in the 70s and 80s, sitting on the beach in the summer moonlight while the kids run about until they drop from tiredness. Some still go today. All the facilities are located in the holiday housing area, the town centre of Silivri has little to offer in the way of cinema, theatre or any other cultural amenities.

Now the coast has also been blessed with resort hotels and country clubs with sport facilities including golf courses, horse riding centres and tennis courts, health and conference centers. At weekend the area is crowded with day trippers.

With all this development it"s hard to find a stretch of open coastline.

The winter months are cold here, as bitter weather blows across Thrace from the Balkans, and holiday homes in Silivri are not much used from mid-September until May or even June.

Agriculture
The district has great agricultural potential thanks to its almost flat landscape, mild Thracian climate and yield-effective soil, and in the 1950s and 1960s the pasture was so rich that the yoghurt of Silivri was renowned. Now the reputation of the yoghurt has declined due to poor quality control and mismanagement of the brand. The Silivri Yoghurt Festival used to be a major event but nowadays there is less interest and in some years it is not even held. Wheat (246 km²), sunflower (105 km²) and barley (50 km²) are cultivated here. Vineyards were once important but have declined since the 1970s. Livestock is still important.

igh school
* Silivri Lisesi (Silivri High School)
* Hasan - Sabriye Gümüş Anadolu Lisesi (Anatolian High School)
* Özel Balkan Lisesi (Private Balkan High School)
* Necip Sarıbekir Lisesi
* Teknik Lise ve Endüstri Meslek Lisesi (Technical High School and Industry - Profession High School)
* Şerife Baldöktü Meslek Lisesi (Şerife Baldöktü Profession High School)

ist of towns and villages of Silivr
Towns (total population 41,669) (Büyük Çavuşlu, Celaliye-Kamiloba, Çanta, Değirmenköy, Gümüşyaka, Kavaklı, Ortaköy, Selimpaşa), and villages (total population 21,956) (Akören, Alipaşa, Bekirli, Beyciler, Büyükkılıçlı, Büyük Sinekli, Çayırdere, Çeltik, Danamandıra, Fener, Gazitepe, Kadıköy, Kurfallı, Küçükkılıçlı, Küçük Sinekli, Sayalar, Seymen, Yolçatı).

istorical site
* Silivri Castle
* The Anastasian Wall, also known as the Long Walls of Thrace, was constructed by Byzantine emperor Anastasius I (491-518) as part of an additional outer defense system for Constantinople during the 5th century and probably was in use until the 7th century. Comparable only with Hadrian"s Wall in England in its complexity and preservation, the fortification stretches some 56 km from Black Sea coast across the Thracian peninsula to the Sea of Marmara at west of Silivri.
* Cistern
* Piri Paşa Mosque
* Uzunköprü (The Long bridge)

eople associated with Silivr
* Oğuz Aral (1936 – 2004), renowned political cartoonist
* Mihri Belli (1916), communist leader
* Uğur Dündar, journalist, political commentator and writer
* Müjdat Gürsu (1971 - 1994), Samsunspor footballer who died in a traffic accident

Sister towns

Silivri has 10 sister cities

* Trieste, Italy
* Bari, Italy
* Türkmenabat, Turkmenistan
* El Paso, TX, USA
* Huambo, Angola
* Mytilini, Greece
* Singapore
* Prilep, Macedonia
* Basseterre, Saint kitts and nevis
* Samdrup Jongkhar, Bhutan

ee als
*
* Silivri district
*





Category:Ancient Greek sites in Turkey
Category:Cities and towns of the Byzantine Empire
Category:History of Turkey by location
Category:Cities, towns and villages in Istanbul Province
Category:Port cities of the Sea of Marmara

bg:Силиврия
ca:Silivri
de:Silivri
el:Σηλυβρία
es:Silivri
fr:Silivri
sw:Silivri
lv:Silivri rajons
hu:Silivri
nl:Silivri
no:Selymbria
pl:Silivri
tr:Silivri, İstanbul
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 22.07.2019 10:31 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
Overview
 

 

Kommentare zu diesem Artikel
 
Neuer Kommentar
Name *
Email * (wird nicht öffentlich angezeigt)
Kommentar
* Pflichtangaben
 
Diesen Artikel empfehlen

Absender Empfänger Nachricht (optional)
Name
E-Mail

Name
E-Mail
   
 
 
Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Reiseportal
 
REISEPORTAL
: "For other places with the same name, see Turkey (disambiguation)." "Turkey" ("Türkiye") is on the Mediterranean, in the Anatolian region of West Asia, with a small section in Southeastern Europe separated
"Turkey" (), known ficially as the "Republic Turkey" (), is a Eurasian country that stretches across the Anatolian peninsula in western Asia and Thrace in the Balkan region southeastern Europe. Turkey is one the six
"Aksaray" is a city in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey and the capital district of Aksaray Province. According to 2000 census, population of the district is 236,560 of which 129,949 live in the city of Aksaray. The district covers an area of ,
"Pazar" is a town and district of Rize Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey, 37 km east of the city of Rize. tymologThe town was formerly named "Atina" (Αθήνα του Πόντου) and was renamed Pazar "market" in 1928.eographPazar is a
"Keskin" is a town and district of Kırıkkale Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. According to 2000 census, population of the district is 59,150 of which 34,827 live in the town of Keskin.oteeference* xternal link* Category:Cities,
"Serinhisar" is a town and district of Denizli Province of Turkey. The altitude is 3195 ft.amOther names include "Karia" (in Latin) and "Kızılhisar" (literally "a red castle"). The latter is the name given by the Seljuk Turks as there were brick
 
Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Nachrichtenportal
 
NACHRICHTEN
US President Donald Trump congratulated Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on Monday for his victory in a referendum expanding presidential powers, as the US State Department urged Turkey to abide by its constitution and international agreements. Washington
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's retribution against this weekend‘s coup-plotters picked up pace Monday as his EU allies warned him not to go too far, matching talk of reintroducing the death penalty with threats to suspend the path to EU membership. Istanbul
Three suicide bombers struck different points at Istanbul's major international airport, killing 36 people and injuring about 150, in an attack being blamed on Islamic State, as the Turkish city reels from the latest act of terrorism. Istanbul (dpa)
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan gave his approval Tuesday to legislation that will strip the legal immunity of more than 130 parliament members, in a move widely seen as targeting pro-Kurdish lawmakers. Istanbul (dpa) - Erdogan‘s approval,
A suicide bombing on Istanbul's main shopping street on Saturday killed five people, including the assailant, as Turkey reels from the second such attack this week, the latest blast hitting an area popular with tourists. Istanbul (dpa) - Among the
Wetter

Istanbul


(22.07.2019 10:31)

5 / 10 °C


23.07.2019
5 / 10 °C
24.07.2019
7 / 12 °C
powered by wetter.com
Stock News

Ecken
LÄNDER
STÄDTE
EUROPA-TOUREN

Agenda - The Week Ahea ...
Agenda - The Week Ahea ...

Afghan Farah Governor ...
Ministry Warns Cinema ...

Puigdemont won't seek ...
Turkish tensions with ...

URGENT: Norway's Bjoe ...
China highlights Beiji ...

© europe online publishing house GmbH, Weiden, Germany, info@europeonline-magazine.eu | Impressum