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Silifke

Turkey, Silifke
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istor
ntiquit
Located a few miles from the mouth of the Calycadnus (Greek: "Kalykadnos", currently Göksu) River, Seleucia was founded by Seleucus I Nicator the early 3rd century BCE, one of several cities he named after himself. It is probable that there were already towns called Olbia (or Olba) and Hyria and that Seleucus I merely united them givg them his name. The city grew to clude the nearby settlement of Holmi ( modern day Taşucu) which had been established earlier as an Ionian colony but beg on the coast was vulnerable to raiders and pirates. Stephanus of Byzantium; Strabo, XIV, 670). The new city up river was doubtless seen as safer agast attacks from the sea so Seleucia achieved considerable commercial prosperity as a port for this corner of Cilicia (later named Isauria), and was even a rival of Tarsus.

Cilicia thrived as a provce of the Romans, and Seluecia became a religious center with a renowned 2nd century Temple of Jupiter. It was also the site of a noted school of philosophy and literature, the birthplace of peripatetics Athenaeus and Xenarchus. The stone bridge was built by the governor L.Octavius Memor 77 AD. Around 300 AD Isauria was established as an dependent state with Seleucia as the capital.

hristianit
Early Christian bishops held a Council of Seleucia (variously cited) 325, 359, and 410. Seleucia was famous for the tomb of the virg Sat Thecla of Iconium, converted by Sat Paul, who died at Seleucia, "Acta Pauli et Theclae", an apocryphal work of the second century, the tomb was one of the most celebrated the Christian world and was restored several times, among others by the Emperor Zeno the fifth century, and today the rus of the tomb and sanctuary are called "Meriamlik" ("Denkschriften der k. Akadem. der Wissenschaft. philos.-histor. Klasse", Vienna, XLIV, 6, 105-08). In the 5th century the imperial governor ("comes Isauriae") residence at Seleucia had two legions at his disposal, the Legio II Isaura and the Legio III Isaura. From this period, and perhaps later, dates the Christian necropolis, west of the town, which contas many tombs of Christian soldiers. Accordg to the "Notitia Episcopatuum" of Antioch, the sixth century, the Metropolitan of Seleucia had twenty-four suffragan sees (Echoes d"Orient, X, 145).

In 705 Seleucia was captured by the Arab armies of Islam and was recovered by the Byzantes. Thus by 732 nearly all the ecclesiastical provce of Isauria was corporated to the Patriarchate of Constantople; henceforth the provce figures the "Notitiae" of Byzantium, but under the name of "Pamphylia".

In the "Notitiae" of Leo VI the Wise (ca. 900) Seleucia had 22 suffragan bishoprics Herich Gelzer, "Ungedruckte . . . Texte der Notitiae episcopatuum", 557.; that of Constante Porphyrogenitus (ca 940) it had 23 ("Georgii Cyprii descriptio orbis romani", ed. Gelzer, 76). In 968 Antioch aga fell to the power of the Byzantes, and with the Provce of Isauria, Seleucia was allocated to the Patriarchate of Antioch (Gelzer, op. cit., 573). We know of several metropolitans of this see, the first of whom, Agapetus, attended the Council of Nicaea 325; Neonas was at the Council of Seleucia 359; Symposius at the Council of Constantople 381; Dexianus at the Council of Ephesus 431; Basil, a celebrated orator and writer, whose conduct was rather ambiguous at the Second Council of Ephesus and at the begng of the Council of Chalcedon 451; Theodore was at the Fifth Ecumenical Council 553; Macrobius at the Sixth Ecumenical Council and the Council Trullo 692.

Seleucia remas a titular see of the Roman Catholic Church, the seat is currently vacant followg the death of the last bishop 1971.

he Turkish perio
In the 11th century, the city was captured by the Seljuk Turks; they met with resistance and 1137, Seluecia was besieged by Leon of Cilician Armenia. Durg this period of struggle between Armenians, Byzantes, Crusaders and Turks a stronghold was built on the heights overlookg the city. On June 10, 1190, the Emperor Frederick Barbarossa was drowned tryg to cross the Calycadnus, near Seleucia durg the Third Crusade.

In the 13th century Seleucia was the possession of the Hospitallers, who lost it to the Karamanoğlu Turks the second half of the thirteenth century, and then it ended up the hands of the Ottomans under general Gedik Ahmet Pasha 1471.

Until 1930 Silifke was a provce centre of İçel the Turkish Republic, but was reduced to beg a district of Mers as punishment for votg for the opposition party (Serbest Cumhuriyet Fırkası) the general election of that year. In this year, İçel and Mers provces were merged and founded İçel one with her centre was Mers. Fally name of İçel was replaced with Mers 2002.

a sight

* The caves of "Heaven and Hell" ("Cennet ve Cehennem"), which have collapsed two places revealg deep holes the ground.
*"Narlıkuyu" is an attractive village, where people from Mers come to eat fish and enjoy the seaside.
* The picnic place the forest "Doktorun Yeri".
* The town of Silifke has many well preserved ancient rus cludg:
** The proment remas of the castle high on a rock above the town,


Image:Silifke castle walls.jpg|Outer walls of the castle of Silifke
Image:Silifke castle arrival.jpg ‎|Help : this castle has no entry
Image:Silifke castle bar.jpg ‎|Bar next to the castle of Silifke
Image:Silifke castle panel.jpg ‎| Touristic panel describg the castle of Silifke

** The city walls,
** A large water tank cut to the rock,
** An extensive necropolis of rock-cut tombs with scriptions.

ife and cultur
The Turkmen community of Silifke has a strong tradition of folk music and dance cludg songs such as "The Yogurt of Silifke" (where the dancers imitate the actions of makg yogurt) and another one where they wave wooden spoons about as they dance.

The cuise cludes breakfast of leaves of unleavened bread ("bazlama") with a dry sour cottage cheese (çökelek) or fried meats. Many other dishes feature bulgur wheat. The annual "Silifke Yoghurt Festival" takes place May.

ee als
*Çukurova
*Acacius of Caesarea
*Assyrian Church of the East
*Council of Rimi
*Eudoxius of Antioch
*Seleucid Empire

eference

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xternal lk

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Category:Çukurova
Category:Hellenistic colonies
Category:Titular sees
Category:Cities, towns and villages Mers Provce

de:Silifke
es:Silifke
eo:Silifke
it:Silifke
sw:Silifke
la:Seleucia
ja:シリフケ
pl:Silifke
ru:Силифке
tr:Silifke, Mers
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 09.04.2020 13:10 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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| subdivision_type1 = Region| subdivision_name1 = Marmara| subdivision_type2 = Province| subdivision_name2 = İstanbul| parts_type = Districts| parts = 27| population_total = 12,697,164 (5th)| population_as_of = 2008 | population_footnotes = |
| subdivision_type1 = Region| subdivision_name1 = Marmara| subdivision_type2 = Province| subdivision_name2 = İstanbul| parts_type = Districts| parts = 27| population_total = 12,697,164 (5th)| population_as_of = 2008 | population_footnotes = |
istorHittite artifacts on display at the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations.The region"s history can be traced back to the Bronze Age Hatti civilization, which was succeeded in the 2nd millennium BC by the Hittites, in the 10th century BC by the
istorHittite artifacts on display at the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations.The region"s history can be traced back to the Bronze Age Hatti civilization, which was succeeded in the 2nd millennium BC by the Hittites, in the 10th century BC by the
istorHittite artifacts on display at the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations.The region"s history can be traced back to the Bronze Age Hatti civilization, which was succeeded in the 2nd millennium BC by the Hittites, in the 10th century BC by the
istorHittite artifacts on display at the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations.The region"s history can be traced back to the Bronze Age Hatti civilization, which was succeeded in the 2nd millennium BC by the Hittites, in the 10th century BC by the
 
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