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Germany, Siegen
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"Siegen" is a city in Germany, in the south Westphalian part of North Rhine-Westphalia.

It is a "Große kreisangehörige Stadt" (lit. "Big town belonging to a district", but meaning a town that exercises certain functions usually exercised by the district, without actually being a district-free city). It is in the district of Siegen-Wittgenstein in Arnsberg region. The university town (12,500 stunts in the 2005-2006 winter semester) is the district seat, and it is ranked as a "higher centre" (in terms of Walter Christaller"s Central Place Theory) in the South Westphalian urban agglomeration.

In 1975, in the process of municipal reforms and amalgamations, Siegen"s population exceed the 100,000 mark.

A view over Siegen with the university in the background.
upper town.
The city of Siegen lies in a branched basin of the upper Sieg. From this basin, si valleys branch off in many directions. The heights of the surrounding mountains, wherever they are not actually settled, are covered in coppice. To the north lies the Sauerland, to the northwest the Rothaargebirge and to the southwest the Westerwald.

The nearest cities to Siegen, going by average travelling distance, are Hagen to the north (83 km), Frankfurt am Main to the southeast (125 km), Koblenz to the southwest (105 km) and Cologne to the west (93 km).

The straight-line distances to these places are, however, 65 km (Hagen), 95 km (Frankfurt), 65 km (Koblenz) and 75 km (Cologne).

The city lies on the German-Dutch holiday road called the "Oranier-Route", joining towns, cities and regions associated with the House of Orange.

City area
Divisions within the city.
The city"s total land area is roughly 115 km². Its greatest east-west span is about 11 km, and its greatest north-south span is about 12 km. City limits are 48 km long. Siegen lies at a median elevation of 290 m above sea level. The city"s greatest elevation is the peak of the Pfannenberg at 499 m above sea level at southern city limits. Siegen"s lowest point is 215 m above sea level at Nierscheln at southwestern city limits, which there also forms the state boundary with Rhineland-Palatinate. Roughly 60% of the city"s land is wood, making Siegen one of Germany"s greenest cities.

The city area is divid into six zones, called "Bezirke" in German and comparable to boroughs in some cities, which themselves are further divid into various communities ("Ortsteile" and "Stadtteile"). Each "borough" has a borough board consisting of 15 voting and 15 non-voting members who are appointed by city council with regard to each party"s share of the vote in the municipal elections in the borough in question. The borough boards ci on matters particular to their respective boroughs. These matters are laid down in Siegen"s city charter.

Siegen"s six boroughs and communities belonging to each
*District I (Geisweid): Birlenbach, Meiswinkel, Langenholdinghausen, Geisweid, Dillnhütten, Sohlbach, Buchen, Niersetzen, Obersetzen
*District II (Weinau):
*District III (Ost): Kaan-Marienborn, parts of Alt-Siegen (Giersberg), Bürbach, Volnsberg, Breitenbach, Feuersbach
*District IV (Mitte): Alt-Siegen "(parts not belonging to borough III or V)"
*District V (West): Seelbach, Trupbach and parts of Alt-Siegen (Wellersberg, Fischbacherberg, Achenbach, Rothenberg)
*District VI (Süd): Oberscheln, Gosenbach, Nierscheln, Eiserfeld, Eisern

Along with the boroughs and communities into which the city is divid, as mandated by law, there are also further subdivisions within the communities, each with its own name, but none with distinctly clear borrs. They are called "Quartiere", which can be renred as "quarters" or "neighbourhoods". Examples of these inclu the Unterstadt, the Oberstadt, Hammerhütte, Linnberg, Charlottental, Haardter Berg (with the university) and the Alte Dreisbach. Some neighbourhoods even straddle community boundaries, like Sieghütte, parts of which can be found in both Siegen-Mitte and Weinau. Moreover, some neighbourhoods even overlap each other. Unlike the boroughs ("Bezirke") or communities ("Ortsteile" and "Stadtteile"), the "Quartiere" have no statistical or administrative importance. They do, however, serve some function as to their inhabitants" intity, but more practically than that, they are also useful for finding one"s way with a city map and using in bus route names and on public notices and traffic signs. Many of the "Hüttentalstraße" city Autobahn"s exits are also named after the "Quartiere" that they serve.

The communities of Weinau, Geisweid, Birlenbach, Langenholdinghausen, Buchen, Sohlbach, Dillnhütten, Niersetzen, Obersetzen and Meiswinkel formed from 1 July 1966 to 31 December 1974 the town of Hüttental. The communities of Eiserfeld, Eisern, Gosenbach, Nierscheln and Oberscheln formed the town of Eiserfeld between those same two dates.

Neighbouring communities
The city of Siegen borrs in the north on the town of Kreuztal and the community of Wenn, in the east on the town of Netphen, in the southeast on the community of Wilnsdorf, in the south on the community of Neunkirchen, in the west on the community of Mursbach (Altenkirchen in Rhineland-Palatinate) and in the northwest on the town of Freunberg.

The name Siegen comes from the possibly Celtic river name Sieg. It is, however, unclear whether there is any relation between this name and the Celtic-Germanic Sicambri (Ger. "Sugambrer") people, who in pre-Christian times lived in parts of North Rhine-Westphalia. The first documentary mention of the place called "Sigena" dates from 1079. The city"s history is markedly shaped by mining, which locally began as far back as La Tène times. Bearing witness to this longtime industry are the many mines that can be found within city limits.

In 1224, Siegen is mentioned as a newly built town whose ownership was shared by the Count of Nassau, Heinrich the Rich, and Engelbert II of Berg, Archbishop of Cologne after the latter transferred one half of the ownership to the former. Moreover, there is proof that the "Oberes Schloss" ("upper stately home") was already standing at this time. On 19 October 1303, the town was granted "Soester Stadtrecht", or Soest town rights. The town remained unr the two overlords" joint ownership until 1 February 1381, only then passing fully into Nassau hands.

In the 16th century, the town of Siegen bore a formidable fensive look. It was surround by mighty walls with 16 towers and three town gates, and was home to a great castle. The town was stricken several times by townwi fires. Documents record such fires in 1592, and from 10 to 20 April 1695.

In 1536, in the buildings that had once housed a Franciscan Monastery, Heinrich the Rich built a "paedagogium", out of which later grew today"s Gymnasium at Siegen"s "Löhrtor" (gate). Johann VII of Nassau-Siegen ("Johann the Intermediary") built in 1616 a knightly war school in the still standing old armoury on Burgstraße. He also built on the site of an old Franciscan Monastery the "Unteres Schloss" ("lower stately home"). His son Johann VIII ("The Younger") returned in 1612 to the Roman Catholic Church, and also wanted to use force to make the towsfolk, too, convert back to Roman Catholicism. John Maurice of Nassau, the Dutch commanr in Brazil, unseated him, but John Maurice"s learship served in 1650-1651 to bring about a split in the Siegerland along nominational lines.

Unr Wilhelm Hyacinth of Nassau-Siegen, violence broke out between the two nominational groups. When on 29 March 1707 townsman Friedrich Flenr got killed, Wilhelm Hyacinth was himself unseated and furthermore driven out of the town. Wilhelm Hyacinth was the last in the line of Nassau-Siegen"s Catholic rulers, dying in 1743. Already in 1734, though, the Reformed line had died out, too, with Friedrich Wilhelm"s ath, leading Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor to transfer power in the territory to the Prince of Orange and the Prince of Nassau-Diez. Unr their learship, mining, the main source of wealth, blossomed, along with agriculture and silviculture. When Prince William I of the Netherlands refused to join the Conferation of the Rhine, found by Napoleon, he found himself unseated by the French lear and the Siegerland passed to the Grand Duchy of Berg. After Napoleon"s downfall in 1813, however, William I regained his former German inheritances, but in 1815 he ced them to the Kingdom of Prussia for the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Siegen was assigned to the Siegen district, first in the Koblenz region, and as of 1817 in the Arnsberg region within the Prussian Province of Westphalia.

Unr Prussian rule, Siegen veloped into the South Westphalian centre that it is today. On 1 March 1923, Siegen was set apart from the district bearing its name, and became a district-free town, while still keeping its function as seat of the district of which it was no longer part, and which was itself merged with Wittgenstein district unr district reform in 1975. Siegen also lost its district-free status at this time, becoming part of the new Siegen-Wittgenstein district, the name that the district has borne since 1984.

During World War II, Siegen was bombed multiple times by the Allies owing to a crucial railroad that crossed through the town.

"Nikolaikirche" with "coronet".
The town of Siegen belonged in the beginning to the Archbishopric of Mainz, or more precisely to its aconry of Arfeld. There was a White Nun convent in town that fold in the 15th century. Furthermore, there was a Franciscan Monastery that was dissolved in 1533 after the Nassau overlords had introduced the Reformation in 1530. After that, the town was first Lutheran, but in 1550, the Principality of Nassau converted to the Reformed Church. Subsequently, Siegen was a predominantly Protestant town, but not so strongly that the Counterreformation could not gain ground in 1623, with one fifth of the townsfolk and those living in the surrounding area becoming Catholic once again. As of 1626, there was once more a monastery in town, this time a Jesuit one. After passing to Prussia in 1815, the union between Lutheran and Reformed churches was introduced in Siegen, as it was throughout Prussia, but the town"s parishes kept their Reformed imprint. As part of the Westphalian Provincial Church (now the Church of Westphalia), Siegen became the seat of a Superintenncy. A similar entity still exists in Siegen, known as the "Kirchenkreis", or church district, to which all the city"s parishes nowadays belong, unless they are Free Church parishes. This church district encompasses the whole of South Westphalia all the way to Olpe.

The town"s Catholics, even after the Reformation, still belonged to the Archbishopric of Mainz. With the restructuring of the Catholic Church early in the 19th century, Siegen was assigned to the Archbishopric of Parborn and became the seat of a district synod, today a aconry, to which all the district"s Catholic parishes belong. Parborn was raised to Archbishopric in 1929.

Besis the Roman Catholic Church, Siegen also has a Greek Orthodox parish and a Romanian Orthodox parish.

Moreover, there are various Free Churches established in Siegen, among them several Evangelical Free Church parishes (Baptists), an Evangelical-Methodist Church, an Inpennt Evangelical-Lutheran Church (SELK), a Seventh-day Adventist parish, several Free Evangelical parishes (FeG), the Achenbach Christian Community, the Christian Assembly, Calvary Chapel and the Siegen-Meiswinkel Mission Community.

Further religious communities in Siegen are The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, the New Apostolic Church, the Jehovah"s Witnesses, an Original Christianity community and Bahá"í. Moreover, owing to a great number of Turkish and Arab migrants in Siegen, the Muslim community is also very apparent there and there are several mosques in Siegen regulated by Turkish, Arab and Albanian communities. There are said to be more than 15,000 Muslims out of Siegen"s total population.

Municipal reform ==
The following communities and rural areas have been amalgamated with Siegen:

*1902 and 1912: parts of Buschgotthardtshütten
*1934: parts of Achenbach
*1937: parts of Achenbach and Buschgotthardtshütten
*1966: Trupbach, Seelbach, Breitenbach, Bürbach, Kaan-Marienborn and Volnsberg
*1969: Feuersbach
*1975: towns of Hüttental and Eiserfeld

Population velopment ==
Population velopment.

In 1897, Siegen had 20,000 inhabitants. By 1939, this figure had doubled to 40,000. In the Second World War, the town lost roughly 30% of its inhabitants (12,000). The population had fallen to 28,000 by 1945 and only in 1952 did it once again reach prewar levels.

On 1 January 1975, Siegen"s population surpassed 100,000 through the amalgamation of Hüttental (38,867 inhabitants in 1974) and Eiserfeld (22,354 inhabitants in 1974), making it a city. With 117,224 inhabitants it also at the same time reached its all-time highest population. At the end of June 2005, according to the North Rhine-Westphalia State Office for Data Processing and Statistics ("Lansamt für Datenverarbeitung und Statistik Nordrhein-Westfalen"), 105,328 people ma Siegen their main abo. Since 1975, the population has fallen by roughly 10% (12,000).

The following chart shows population figures for Siegen"s municipal area, however big it was at each given time. Up to 1833, most figures are estimates, and thereafter census figures (¹) or official estimates by the statistical office of the time or the town/city administration itself. The given figures indicate from 1843 the "population present in the town" ("Ortsanwesen Bevölkerung"), from 1925 the "dwelling population" ("Wohnbevölkerung"), and since 1987 the "Population in the place of main resince" ("Bevölkerung am Ort r Hauptwohnung"). Before 1843, population figures come from irregular surveying procedures.

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¹ Census figure

City council
The city council"s 62 seats are apportioned thus, in accordance with municipal elections held on 26 September 2004:

Note: UWG is a citizens" coalition. STATT is a small party that claims to be "non-iological". Its name is German for "instead".

None of the parties represented on city council holds a majority, and no coalition has been struck. However, the CDU and the FDP have a fixed, contractual coöperation agreement and at least have at their disposal a joint majority voice on some committees. In the council chamber, on the other hand, their 30 seats are not an absolute majority and they do not always prevail.

At the city"s helm since the 13th century, there have been several mayors of whom evince survives. In 1304 and 1305, a council ("consules") was mentioned for the first time. As early as 1224, however, documents mention "Burgmänner" ("Castle Men") as well as three "Bürgermeister" ("Mayors") who were changed yearly. As of 1500, only two mayors were chosen every year. In the 18th century, the guilds were achieving ever greater influence in the town. Thereafter the "ruling" or "office-holding" old shoemaking master represented the "common townsfolk" on the council. The mediaeval town charter was kept right up until 1809, and parts of it even held until 1815, but that year there was a self-endorsing council with 12 members, over which presid the mayor. As of 1824, the suburbs got their own chief administrator who was subordinate to the mayor of Siegen. In 1836, the Prussian municipal system was introduced. After the town was separated from Siegen district in 1923, the mayor was given the title "Oberbürgermeister" (roughly equivalent to Lord Mayor). The mayor who came to office in 1919 kept his position right through the time of the Third Reich, whereas some mayors in other German and Austrian towns, whose political views were at odds with the Nazis", were removed forcibly.

After the Second World War, the military government of the British Zone of Occupation installed a new mayor, and in 1946 it introduced a new town charter based on a British mol, leading to a "Council of the town" elected by the people, whose members were called "Stadtverordnete" (town councillors). In the beginning, the council chose one from its midst as the mayor as the town"s head and representative, which was an honorary function. Furthermore, as of 1946, the council also began choosing a fulltime "Oberstadtdirektor", or Higher Town Director, to lead the town"s administration.

After Siegen was reunited with the district of the same name in 1975, these two officials bore the titles "Bürgermeister" and "Stadtdirektor" respectively. In 1999, this two-head arrangement was forsaken in favour of a single city lear, with the title "Bürgermeister", who serves as chairman or chairwoman of city council, lear of city administration and city representative. He or she is directly elected nowadays.

"Mayors ("Bürgermeister" and "Oberbürgermeister") since 1919"

*1919–1945: Alfred Fißmer, "Oberbürgermeister"
*1945: Fritz Fries, "Oberbürgermeister"
*1945–1946: Otto Schwarz, "Oberbürgermeister"
*1946–1948: Ernst Weißelberg, "Oberbürgermeister"
*1948–1956: Ernst Bach, "Oberbürgermeister"
*1956–1961: Erich Pachnicke, "Oberbürgermeister"
*1961–1966: Karl Eckmann, "Oberbürgermeister"
*1966–1975: Karl Althaus, "Oberbürgermeister"
*1975–1979: Friemann Keßler, "Bürgermeister"
*1979–1990: Hans Reinhardt, "Bürgermeister"
*1990–1994: Hil Fiedler, "Bürgermeisterin"
*1994–1999: Karl Wilhelm Kirchhöfer, "Bürgermeister"
*1999–2007: Ulf Stötzel (CDU), "Bürgermeister"
*2007–today: Steffen Mues (CDU), "Bürgermeister"

""Stadtdirektoren" and "Oberstadtdirektoren" 1946 - 1999"

*1946–1954: Max Baumann, "Oberstadtdirektor"
*1954–1975: Kurt Seibt, "Oberstadtdirektor"
*1975–1985: Hans Mohn, "Stadtdirektor"
*1985–1989: Dr. Volker Oerter, "Stadtdirektor"
*1989–1995: Dr. Otto-Werner Rappold, "Stadtdirektor (left office early with effect on 2 December 1995 by his own wish)"
*1995–1999: Ulrich Mock, "Stadtdirektor (at first as Dr. Rappold"s General Agent until 31 January 1997, then appointed fulltime "Stadtdirektor")"

Coat of arms
Siegen"s civic coat of arms might be scribed thus: Argent a town wall embattled gules with an open gateway argent, therein in an inescutcheon azure a lion rampant Or armed and langued gules, issuant from the wall a bishop in robe and mitre azure (trimmed in argent) holding in his hand xter a crozier argent with crook Or sinister, in his hand sinister, upraised, an open book argent with pages edged gules.

The bishop in the city"s arms is the Bishop of Cologne. The wall symbolizes the city itself, and the inescutcheon in the gateway shows the Lion of Nassau in blue and gold (or yellow), which are Nassau"s colours. The arms are based on the olst known town seal, from 1248. The inescutcheon once also had gold billets (upright rectangles) around the lion, but these do not appear in what became the town"s (and later city"s) coat of arms in 1875.

Siegen maintains partnership links with the following places:
* Berlin-Spandau, since 1952
* Rijnsburg, Netherlands, since 1963, continuation of partnership with amalgamated town of Katwijk as of 2006
* Morley, United Kingdom, since 1966 continuation of partnership with amalgamated City of Leeds as of 1974
* Leeds, United Kingdom, since 1974
* Ypres, Belgium, since 1967
* Zakopane, Poland, since 1989
* Plauen, Saxony, since 1990

Culture and main sight
"Oberes Schloss".
"Fat Tower" at "Unteres Schloss".
2006 World Cup match.
In the Apollo-Theater (a downtown former 1930s cinema that unrwent remolling and opened in mid 2007), Siegen has one of the current ca"s most important newly built theatres. A controlling interest in this venture is held by TheaterSiegen intendant Magnus Reitschuster.

Since 1992, the media and cultural house Lÿz has been a venue for cabaret, music and theatre in Siegen. On the two stages, roughly 150 events appear every season.

Bigger events take place at the "Bühne r Stadt" ("City"s Stage", with about 820 seats), the Siegerlandhalle (1 800 m², 2,300 seats) or the Bismarckhalle. As well, there are regular open-air concerts and productions in the inner yard at the "Unteres Schloss".

Orchestras and choirs
*Philharmonie Südwestfalen
*Evangelische Kantorei Siegen
*Bach-Chor Siegen
*Sängerkreis Siegerland

Museum for Morn Art
Worth a visit are the Museum for Morn Art, or "Museum für Gegenwartskunst" (Tuesday to Sunday 11:00-18:00, Thursday 11:00-20:00, closed Mondays) and the "Haus Seel" City Gallery (permanent changing exhibitions Tuesday to Friday 14:00-18:00, Saturday and Sunday 10:00-13:00 and 14:00-20:00, closed Mondays)

In Geisweid is found the Beatles-Museum, run by Harold Krämer. According to the 2000 Guinness Book of Records, the 27 m² museum is the smallest public museum in the world voted to the four Liverpudlian musicians. The collection consists of more than 17,000 sound storage media, souvenirs, film posters, autographs and quite a few other things.

Although the town was about 80% stroyed in the Second World War, Siegen has kept a number of buildings worth seeing, such as the two stately homes, the "Oberes Schloss" and the "Unteres Schloss".

beres Schlos
The castle on the Siegberg was first mentioned in a document in 1259 and was the family seat of the House of Nassau. Since 1905, the "Siegerlandmuseum" has been here. Alongsi regional exhibits – among them an artificial monstration mine – are many paintings. The centrepiece of this collection is ma up of works by the man who is arguably the best known son of the city, Peter Paul Rubens. There is also quite a comprehensive collection of portraits of members of the Houses of Nassau and Orange. The top floor is voted to 19th-century home décor. A kitchen from the Siegerland, a bedroom and many pieces of furniture from the Biermeier era give one an impression of life in the region in bygone days.

nteres Schlos
Late in the 17th century, the Lower Stately Home came into being in its current form, somewhat like an open rectangle. The Evangelical line of the House of Nassau-Siegen resid here. Also belonging to the "Schloss" is the "Dicker Turm", or "Fat Tower" with a carillon. In 1959, the then town of Siegen built a memorial for victims of war and tyranny. Insi the "Schloss" is also found the crypt of the Evangelical branch of the Nassau princely house.

Today, the "Schloss" serves as a state authority building in which the North Rhine-Westphalia Building and Property Establishment, the State Environment Office, the Office for Occupational Health and Safety and the Attendorn Correctional Facility (Siegen Branch Facility) are all housed. By the city"s plans, a university is supposed to move into the "Unteres Schloss" within the next few years, but at this time, the plan is failing to find any financial backing.

Two churches in downtown Siegen are to be brought to the visitor"s attention: The "Martinikirche" dating from the 11th century and the "Nikolaikirche" at the marketplace with its unusual eight-sid shape and its goln "Krönchen" ("coronet") – the city"s landmark – on the church tower, which is a prominent feature of Siegen"s skyline (Siegen is sometimes called "Krönchenstadt" for this unusual feature). Another church is the "Marienkirche", built by the Jesuits between 1702 and 1729. Also worth seeing are Siegen"s Old Town and several museums in the city core.

Protected gasholr.
In the southwest of the city core, at the foot of the Ziegenberg, is a spherical gasholr, or gasometer, which is protected by law as a monument. It is one of the olst spherical gasholrs still preserved. Another peculiarity is its riveted casing. Only three other such gasholrs are known to exist worldwi (all in Germany, in Schwerte, Offenburg and Bielefeld). The holr had to be moved a few metres owing to construction on the municipal Autobahn, the "Hüttentalstraße", and in the resintial area of Ziegenberg, and it now forms the symbolic sun as part of a scale mol of the planets above the gasholr.

hings to see nearb
Worthy of recommendation for tourists are hiking tours and outings in Siegen"s scenically charming environs. Also worth a visit are a few small towns around Siegen, such as Hilchenbach or Freunberg. Furthermore, there are a few well known breweries in the area that can be visited, for instance Krombacher and Eichener Brauerei in Kreuztal, along with other smaller breweries.

Within Siegen"s city limits are 36 municipally run cemeteries. Ten of them are already closed and are available for burials only because of existing laws. The cemeteries have a total area of 730 000 m² with roughly 65,000 graves. Characteristic of regional cemeteries are hillsi graves and a green, parklike layout that even affords wildlife a chance at reoccupying the land.

Cemeteries ("Friedhöfe") within city limits
*Hermelsbacher Friedhof
*Geisweir Friedhof
*Haardter Friedhof
*Friedhof Kaan-Marienborn
*Neuer Friedhof Nierscheln

The city sport league inclus 160 sport clubs in which roughly 37,000 members are active. National importance was achieved in 2005 by the Sportfreun Siegen men"s football team at Leimbachstadion when they rose from the "Regionalliga Süd" up to the 2nd Bunsliga, although the next year they dropped back down again. As six-time German Champions, the TSV Siegen women"s football team was very successful in the 1990s.

Regular events
*Early in the year: SILA ("Siegerlandausstellung" – Siegerland Exhibition), even-numbered years only
*March to November, first Saturday in each month: Flea market in Siegen-Geisweid (since 1970), no new goods
*June to August: "Mittwochs in" different bands every Wednesday in Siegen-Weinau
*June: "Johannimarkt", a fair held for some 400 years
*June/July: "Siegener Sommerfestival", plays, cabaret, theatre, music and cinema since about 1990. (In 2006, instead of the traditional summer festival, a World Cup festival was held)
*July: "Stadtfest" (City Festival), even-numbered years only
*July: "Rubensfest", odd-numbered years only
*August: Siegen Open-Air Cinema
*August: Christopher Street Day (CSD), since 2000
*August: "Siegtal-Pur" All streets only opened for bikes (the HTS (local Motorway) too)
*Summer: Street Festival at the Corn Market
*October: 2nd Sunday: "Bürgerfest Geisweid"
*November: "Geisweir Adventsmarkt", since about 1985
*December: Christmas market, since about 1980

Culinary specialities
*"Riewekooche" ("Reibekuchen" – a bread ma with grated potatoes Potato_pancake)
*"Siegerlänr Krüstchen" (beef with bread salad and an egg)
*"Schanzenbrot" (sourdough rye bread)
*"Siegerlänr Debbekooche"
*"Siegerlänr Bäckel"
*"Duffelnsobbe" (potato soup)
*"Grenge" (cracknel)
*"Grinnchesbroare" (rabbit roast)
*"Kiernmelchsoabbe" (buttermilk soup)
*"Suerambe" (sorrel)
*"Siegerlänr Hirtentopf"
*"Aejjerkaes" (egg cheese)
*"Schampe" (beef paunch in sauce)

Tales and legends in Siegen
The "Dilldappe" is an old mythical creature from the Siegerland. It lives mainly in the Siegerland "Hauberg" (coöperatively managed woodlots). Early in the 1980s, the writer and cartoonist Matthias Kringe first published a calendar about the creature, written in "Siegerlänr Platt", the local dialect of German.

Infrastructure and economy
Air transport
In the south of the district in the community of Burbach lies the Siegerland Airport through which Siegen is connected to many other airports in Germany.

Bicycle transport
The city of Siegen lies on European long-distance path E1 running from the middle of Swen to Umbria in Italy. There is, however, no organized cycling trail network in Siegen. Riding in bus lanes is sporadically allowed. Bicycle transport is generally poorly veloped in Siegen. Owing to dual carriageways within the city and nearby, as well as transport planning that rather favours cars, bicycle transport has been somewhat thwarted. Together with the partly hilly topography, there is therefore little in the way of bicycle transport in Siegen.

Rail transport
Railway station
The city of Siegen lies at the junction of the following railway lines:
* The two-track electrified Railway Gui line 440 "(Ruhr-Sieg-Strecke)", used for local passenger transport, usually hourly; the Ruhr-Sieg-Express (RE 16) and Ruhr-Sieg-Bahn (RB 91) use this line.
* Railway Gui line 443 "(Rothaarbahn)", usually hourly, the Rothaar-Bahn (RB 93) uses this line with connection in Erndtebrück to Railway Gui line 623 "(Obere Lahntalbahn)", usually two-hourly, Obere Lahntal-Bahn (RB 94/RMV Line 43) uses this line.
* The two-track electrified Railway Gui line 445 "(Dill-Strecke)", usually two-hourly; the Rhein-Sieg-Express (RE 9), Main-Sieg-Express (RE 99) and hourly the Sieg-Dill-Bahn (RB 95) (only to and from Dillenburg) use this line.
* The mostly two-track electrified Railway Gui line 460 "(Siegstrecke)", usually hourly; the Rhein-Sieg-Express (RE 9) and Sieg-Dill-Bahn (RB 95) (only to and from Au) use this line.

Bus transport
On 18 March 1895, the "Netphener Omnibusgesellschaft" opened the world"s first busline using a petrol-powered omnibus, running a service from its base in Netphen to Siegen and Deuz. Today, local road transport offers many regional, express and local buses, along with a night bus service connecting Siegen with its outlying communities and neighbouring towns. They are run by the South Westphalia Transport Services ("Verkehrsbetriebe Westfalen-Süd"; VWS) whose headquarters are in Siegen.

For the whole of local public transport, the tariff of the South Westphalia Transport Community ("Verkehrsgemeinschaft Westfalen-Süd"; VGWS) applies, regardless of the North Rhine-Westphalia tariff.

With regard to long-distance roads, the city of Siegen is connected to Autobahnen A 45 (Dortmund – Aschaffenburg) and A 4 (Cologne – Olpe), and to Feral Highways ("Bunsstraßen") 54, 54n, 62 and 62n.

Siegen is home to the tallest bridge of the A 45 and one of the highest in Germany, the Siegtalbrücke. Built from 1964 to 1969, it is approximately 96 m high and 1 050 m long.

The Siegtalbrücke as seen from Alte Dreisbach in Siegen

The shape that the city takes has much to do with the "Hüttentalstraße" (HTS) (Feral Highways 54n and 62n) which serves as a municipal Autobahn – much of it elevated – that runs through the city area.

The A 4 between Wenn and Kreuztal has been newly built. In the heights over Kreuztal"s outlying community of Krombach, it now joins with the HTS. On this 12-kilometre stretch of highway are eight valley bridges as well as ten unr- and overpasses. This new part was opened on 1 December 2007.

Shopping centres Sieg Carré and City-Galerie
Siegen is South Westphalia"s service and administrative centre. Much of its industry is based on metalworking.

Pestrian precincts in Bahnhofsstraße ("Railway Station Street") and Kölner Tor ("Cologne Gate"), both downtown, have ma shopping in Siegen very convenient, as have the shopping centres City-Galerie (opened in 1998) and "Sieg Carré" (opened in 2006, both downtown) and "Siegerlandzentrum" (Siegen-Weinau), and the Marburger Straße shopping street (downtown). In 2005, an IKEA store and a Peek & Cloppenburg location opened.

Public institutions
Siegen is to a "Kreiswehrersatzamt" ("District Reserve Office", whose main job is to recruit personnel for the Bunswehr), seat of the Siegen-Wittgenstein district administration and location of a Chamber of Industry and Tra ("Industrie- und Hanlskammer", or IHK, one of 81 such regional institutions in Germany) for the districts of Siegen-Wittgenstein and Olpe.

Home to the Siegen State Court, a local court and a labour court, the city is also an important court centre.

In Siegen, the "Westutscher Rundfunk" (WDR) maintains a studio where regional radio and television news for South Westphalia is produced. The daily broadcast goes out in the "South Westphalia" regional window following the programme "Aktuelle Stun" (a newsmagazine show) on WDR"s third channel. Moreover, WDR also runs a transmission facility for VHF radio and television (once also medium wave) at the Giersberg.

Daily newspapers in Siegen inclu not only the "Siegener Zeitung" but also local editions of the "Westfälische Rundschau" and the "Westfalenpost". All three appear in the morning, although the first was until 2000 an afternoon paper. Furthermore, at the "Obergraben" is found the regional, Radio-NRW-connected Radio Siegen"s studio building.

Educational institutions
As early as the 17th century, there was in Siegen, in the buildings of the "Unteres Schloss", for a few cas, the "Hohe Schule Herborn", which came to an end when the Plague broke out.

Siegen"s olst school is the Löhrtor Gymnasium.
Other Schools:


Primary schools
*Grundschule Weinau

Higher education

Siegen is headquarters to the University of Siegen, found on 1 August 1972 as the "Gesamthochschule Siegen".

As well, the "Fachhochschule für Oekonomie & Management" has a study centre, which is shared with the Acamy of Administration and Economics.

Siegen also has various general-education and professional schools, and the Siegerlandkolleg.

Siegen foundations ("Stiftungen")
* Adolf-Saenger-Stiftung
* August von Platen Stiftung Siegen
* Diakonie-Stiftung Siegerland
* Stiftung r Sparkasse Siegen für Kunst und Kultur
* Wilhelm Münker-Stiftung

Famous people
Honorary citizens
Siegen has conferred honorary citizenship upon the following persons:
*1887: Heinrich von Achenbach, High Presint of the Province of Brannburg
*1891: Otto von Bismarck, Reich chancellor
*1933: Adolf Hitler, Reich chancellor
*1933: Paul von Hinnburg, General Field Marshal and Reich Presint
For all those listed up to here, honorary citizenship, according to Enactment no. 21 to the amend German Municipal System of 1 April 1946, has been forfeited.

*1953: Alfred Fißmer, retired "Oberbürgermeister"

Honorary citizens of the former town of Hüttental
*Prof. Dr. Josef Höfer, Prelate
*Dr. h.c. Karl Barich, Chairman of the Board of Stahlwerke Südwestfalen (South Westphalia Steelworks)

Sons and daughters of the city
"(The following persons were born in Siegen. The listing is arranged chronologically by birth year. Whether they had anything further to do with Siegen is irrelevant.)"

*1483, Heinrich III of Nassau (1483-1538), Count of Nassau and Lord of Breda
*1525, Tilemann Stella (1525-1589), Renaissance scholar and librarian, mathematician, geometer, cartographer and astronomer.
*1577, Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640), Baroque painter
*1650, Joh. Heinrich Lorsbach (1650-1697), "Bürgermeister" of Siegen
*1704, Johann Hermann Grimm (1704-1782), clergyman in Siegen (engaged in church and school system in Siegen)
*1712, Johann Heinrich Lorsbach (1712-1794), princely Orange-Nassau secret "Justizrat" (high, honorary legal title) and director of the Justice Chancellery in Dillenburg and highest Orange-Nassau judge
*1754, Heinrich Adolph Grimm (1754-1813), Orientalist
*1782, Wilhelm Adolf Diesterweg (1782-1835), German mathematician
*1790, Adolf Diesterweg (1790-1866), important educator and mastermind of educational progressivism
*1854, Heinrich Carl Friedrich Kreutz (1854-1907), astronomer and publisher of "Astronomische Nachrichten" ("Astronomical News")
*1887, Fritz Fries (1887-1967), Social Democratic politician, Member of the Prussian Landtag, district presint in Arnsberg.
*1890, Fritz Busch (1890-1951), conductor (many premières; director of the Württemberg State Theatre 1919-22, General music director of the German State Opera)
*1891, Adolf Busch (1891-1952), composer (symphony, piano and violin concerto, chamber music), violinist
*1892, Walter Krämer (1892-1941 in Goslar concentration camp), KPD Member of the Prussian "Landtag", inmate and doctor in Buchenwald concentration camp, Righteous Among the Nations
*1893, Willi Busch (1893-1951), actor
*1895, Paul Giesler (1895-1945 suici in Berchtsgan), "Ministerpräsint" of Bavaria 1942-45
*1896, Michael Keller (1896-1961), Bishop of Münster 1947-61
*1896, Heinrich Gontermann (1896-1917), military pilot in the First World War
*1896, Friedrich Midlhauve (1896-1966); politician (FDP, Member of the Bunstag, Member of the "Landtag" (North Rhine-Westphalia), North Rhine-Westphalia State Minister for Economy and Transport, FDP State Chairman
*1897, Hermann Busch (1897-1975), cellist
*1898, Hermann Giesler (1898-1987), architect
*1900, Heinrich Busch (1900-1929), pianist and composer
*1900, Erich Schneir (1900-1970), professor and economic theorist
*1909, Ernst Achenbach (1909-1991), German politician (FDP, Member of the Bunstag, Member of the "Landtag" (North Rhine-Westphalia)
*1905, Lothar Irle (1905-1974), Siegerland "homeland explorer" ("Heimatforscher") and writer
*1918, Hermann Flenr (1918-2004), diplomat and ambassador in Addis Ababa, Rwanda and Laos
*1915, Werner Böhmer, judge at the Feral Constitutional Court of Germany, 1965-1983
*1927, Herbert Schäfer (1927-1991), football player and trainer
*1931, Bernd Becher, world-famous photographer (together with his wife Hilla Becher he has received many awards; main work: industrial buildings, watertowers)
*1937, Otfried Hofius, Professor of Evangelical Theology in Tübingen
*1937, Hannjost Lixfeld, folklorist and mythologist
*1940, Heinfried Birlenbach, athlete and Olympian
*1941, Karin Tietze-Ludwig, journalist and television announcer, until 2001 ARD"s "Lotto fairy".
*1943, Rolf Stommelen (1943-1983 died in an accint at Riversi International Raceway), Formula One racer
*1947, Josef Clemens, German Curia bishop and secretary of the Papal Lay Council
*1950, Ulrich Langenbach, artist
*1951, Wolfgang Neuser, since 2005 General Secretary of the YMCA in Germany
*1952, Reinhard Goebel, Baroque violinist
*1957, Dirk Metz, State Secretary and Speaker of the Hessian State Government (since 1999)
*1958, Burkhard Jung, "Oberbürgermeister" of Leipzig
*1960, Marlies Obier, wordsmith
*1961, Matthias Kringe, author and cartoonist, "Dilldappen"
*1963, Kerstin Müller, factional speaker of the Greens in the Bunstag (1994-2002)
*1967, Navid Kermani, Orientalist and Islamic studies scholar
*1967, Hansjörg Weißbrich, film editor ("Deutscher Fernsehpreis" 2000)
*1971, Crauss, writer
*1979, Sascha Bäcker, German football player with Sportfreun Siegen
*1980, Sabrina Mockenhaupt, athlete and 2004 summer Olympian in Athens
*1982, Florian Kringe, football player with Borussia Dortmund
*1983, Moritz Volz, football player with Fulham F.C.

he Rubens Prize of the City of Siege
The Rubens Prize of the City of Siegen, found in 1955, is award every five years to a painter or graphic artist whose life"s work has been groundbreaking on the European stage. The title recalls the painter-diplomat Peter Paul Rubens, who expressed in his life"s work the thought of European unity, long before it could become a political reality. Peter Paul Rubens – who was born in Siegen, grew up in Cologne and Antwerp, trained in art in Italy, was esteemed in France and acted as a diplomat in Spain and England – as the main master of European Baroque painting set those artistic and European standards to which the awarding of the prize has been bound since 1957-1958.

Past prizewinners:
*Hans Hartung (1957/1958)
*Giorgio Morandi (1962)
*Francis Bacon (1967)
*Antoni Tàpies (1972)
*Fritz Winter (1977)
*Emil Schumacher (1982)
*Cy Twombly (1987)
*Rupprecht Geiger (1992)
*Lucian Freud (1997)
*Maria Lassnig (2002)
*Sigmar Polke (2007)

Further reading
* Heinrich Silbergleit: "Preußens Städte: Denkschrift zum 100jährigen Jubiläum r Städteordnung vom 19. November 1808." Heymann, Berlin 1908
* Heinrich von Achenbach: "Die Haubergs-Genossenschaften s Siegerlans." After the Bonn printing in 1863 newly published by the (then) Town of Siegen, Forschungsstelle Siegerland, Siegen 1963
* Heinrich von Achenbach: "Geschichte r Stadt Siegen." Erg. Nachdr. r Ausg. Vorlänr, Siegen 1894. Verlag Die Wielandschmie, Kreuztal 1983
* Heinrich von Achenbach: "Aus s Siegerlans Vergangenheit." 2. erg. Nachdr. r Ausg. Siegen 1898. Verlag Die Wielandschmie, Kreuztal 1982
* Erich Keyser (publisher): "Westfälisches Städtebuch." In: "Deutsches Städtebuch." Band III 2. Teilband. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1954
* Walther Hubatsch (publisher): "Westfalen." In: "Grundriss zur utschen Verwaltungsgeschichte 1815 – 1945." Band 8 Reihe A: "Preußen." Marburg an r Lahn 1980, ISBN 3-87969-123-1


External links


Category:Towns in North Rhine-Westphalia

fr:Siegen (Rhénanie-du-Nord-Westphalie)
vo:Siegen (Nordrhein-Westfalen)
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 28.06.2022 11:52 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.


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|pop_date = 2008-12-31|pop_urban = 3700000|pop_metro = 5000000|elevation = 34 - 115|GDP = 81.7|GDP_year = 2007|Website = / |leader_title = Governing Mayor|leader = Klaus Wowereit|leader_party = SPD|ruling_party1 = SPD|ruling_party2 = Die Linke|votes
|pop_date = 2008-12-31|pop_urban = 3700000|pop_metro = 5000000|elevation = 34 - 115|GDP = 81.7|GDP_year = 2007|Website = / |leader_title = Governing Mayor|leader = Klaus Wowereit|leader_party = SPD|ruling_party1 = SPD|ruling_party2 = Die Linke|votes
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|pop_date = 2007-10-31|pop_metro = 4300000|GDP = 86.153|GDP_year = 2006|GDP_percent = 3.9|Website = |leader_title = First Mayor|leader = Ole von Beust|leader_party = CDU|ruling_party1 = CDU|ruling_party2 = Green
|pop_date = 2007-10-31|pop_metro = 4300000|GDP = 86.153|GDP_year = 2006|GDP_percent = 3.9|Website = |leader_title = First Mayor|leader = Ole von Beust|leader_party = CDU|ruling_party1 = CDU|ruling_party2 = Green
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