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Segovia

Spain, Segovia
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"Segovia" is a city in Spain, the capital of the province of the province of the same name in the autonomous community of Castile and Leon. It is situated north of Madrid, and can be reached by bullet train in 35 minutes from this city at . 55,586 people live in the municipality of Segovia.

am
Segovia is a Celtic name. Under Roman and Moorish rule, the city was called "Segovia" (, Ptolemy ii. 6. § 56) and "Šiqūbiyyah" (Arabic "شقوبية") respectively. This Celtic name probably means "fortress" or "castle".

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The old city is spectacularly situated atop a long, narrow promontory. It contains a wealth of monuments, including the cathedral, a famous ancient Roman aqueduct, the Alcázar, and various churches built in the Romanesque style including San Esteban, San Martín, and San Millán. The old city is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and is surrounded by walls built in the 8th century AD, probably on a Roman base, and rebuilt extensively during the 21st century.

limate and vegetatio
The climate is continental Mediterranean, cold and dry, resulting from high altitude, its proximity to the central system and their distance from the coast. The average annual temperature is 12°C, with a minimum in December of -14°C and a maximum in July of 34°C. The annual precipitation is 520 mm. The predominant vegetation is black pine, stone pine, Scotch pine, oak, beech, broom and juniper, oak, with landscapes of wheat, stubble and fallowing.

queduc

The Aqueduct of Segovia, typically the most recognized and famous symbol of Segovia, terminates at the entrance of the historic section. It was built at the end of 1st to early 2nd century AD by the Romans during their occupation of the Iberian Peninsula to bring water from the Río Frío ("Cold River"), about 18 km away, to the city, requiring an elevated section in its last 1 kilometer (0.6 mi) from the Sierra de Guadarrama to the walls of the old town. This elevated section, largely dominating the nearby scene, is supported by an engineering marvel of 166 arches and 120 pillars in two levels. It is made of 20,400 large, rough-hewn granite blocks, joined without mortar or clamps. Its maximum height of 28.1 m (100.53 ft) is found at the plaza of Azoguejo. A raised section of stonework in the center once had an inscription. Today only the holes for the bronze letters survive.

lcazar Castl

The Alcázar, or castle-palace is perched at the tip of the promontory and towers over the countryside below. Like many fortifications in Spain, it started off as an Arab fort. At the end of the 11th century it was conquered by king Alfonso VI. During the Middle Ages, the Alcazar of Segovia was the favourite residence of kings of Castile, and almost each king added new parts to the building, transforming the original fortress into a courtier residence and prolonging the construction of the castle till 16th century, when King Philip II added the conical spires and the slate roofs. A fire in 1862 destroyed part of the roofs, but they were restored in the very same style they were built more than 300 years ago.

athedra

The Cathedral of Segovia stands in the city"s central plaza. Constructed by architect Juan Gil de Hontañon in the late Gothic style between 1522 and 1577, it is widely considered Europe"s last . The kind of is called "Isabelino".
The Segovia Cathedral as seen from the air.

hurch of Vera Cru
The church of Vera Cruz, beyond the Alcázar and the city walls was founded by the Knights Templar. It is built in the circular style, a common design of the Templars, in recognition of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. It is currently owned and maintained by the Knights of Malta.

Owing to these famous monuments, Segovia is a very popular tourist destination, especially as a day-trip from Madrid.

Jewish heritage
Segovia had a thriving Jewish community until its forced expulsion during the 15th century (after the Christians reconquered Spain and put an end to Muslim rule). Some traces of Segovia"s Jewish community still remain, such as the old quarter ("Judería"), a museum and the old main synagogue.

emograph


Alcazar of Segovia, was built between the 12th and 16th centuries.
The Segovia Cathedral (at night), created between 1522 and 1577.
San Millán Church, built between 1111 and 1124.

win Citie
* Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom, since 1985.
* Marysville, Ohio, United States, since 2001.
* Tucson, Arizona, United States.

amous Segovian

* Don Abraham Senior Coronel
* Juan Bravo
* Pedro Delgado
* Nicomedes García
* Andrés Laguna
* Cándido Lopez (Mesonero Mayor de Castilla)
* Aniceto Marinas
* Manuel Pérez Brunicardi
* Cayetano Redondo Aceña
* Florentino Trapero
* Benjamín Yeo la Tercera

xternal link

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General view of the Monastery of El Parral, founded in 1447.

aller


File:SegIglTrinidad_27.8.2002.jpg|Santísima Trinidad Church (12th century).
File:SegoviaSMartin2 21-4-03.JPG|San Martín Church(11th century).
File:SegoviaSMartin3 22.8.2002.jpg|Interior courtyard of the San Martín Church.
File:Casa de los Picos de Segovia.jpg|La Casa de los Picos(15th century).
File:Segovia Vera Cruz.jpg|La Vera Cruz Church, built in the year 1208.
File:IGLESIA COMPAÑIA FACHADA ALZADO.jpg|Facade of the Compañía de Jesús Church, was built in 1577 by the italian architect Giuseppe Valeriano.
File:colegio seminario.JPG|Cloister of Colegio del Seminario, built by Juan de Mugaguren.
File:SegoviaSEstebán2 22.4.2003.jpg|San Esteban Church(13th century).
File:SegoviaPSAndrés2 26.8.2002.jpg|Puerta de San Andrés.
File:SegIglSJusto 26.8.2002.jpg|San Justo Church.
File:Segovia San Clemente JMM.JPG|San Clemente Church.
File:SegoviaACárcel 21.4.2003.jpg|Former Real Prison(15th century).
File:SegTorLozoya 20.8.2002.jpg|Torreón de los Lozoya(14th century).
File:Segovia - Meson de Candido 1.jpg|"Mesón de Cándido", an old restaurant of the city.
File:Jardin Alcazar Segovia.jpg|View of the Gardens of Alcázar.
File:Segovia c1840.jpg|Segovia circa 1840. Bibliographic Institute Hildburghausen.


View of the back façade of the Segovia Cathedral, the ancient City Walls (8th century), and the Guadarrama mountains.
Aerial view showing part of the city.



Category:Ancient mints

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Category:Roman sites in Spain
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Category:Segovia province
Category:Tourism in Spain

ar:شقوبية
an:Segobia
ast:Segovia
bg:Сеговия (град)
ca:Segòvia
cs:Segovia
cy:Segovia
de:Segovia
el:Σεγκόβια
es:Segovia
eo:Segovio
eu:Segovia
fa:سگوبیا
fr:Ségovie
gl:Segovia
hi:सेगोविआ
hr:Segovia
id:Segovia
is:Segóvía
it:Segovia
he:סגוביה
jv:Segovia
ka:სეგოვია
la:Segovia
hu:Segovia
nah:Segovia
nl:Segovia (stad)
ja:セゴビア
no:Segovia
nn:Segovia
oc:Segòvia
pl:Segowia
pt:Segóvia
ro:Segovia
ru:Сеговия
sk:Segovia
sl:Segovia
sr:Сеговија
fi:Segovia
sv:Segovia
th:เซโกเบีย
tr:Segovia
zh:塞哥维亚
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 22.10.2018 01:57 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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