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Sderot

Israel, Sderot
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"Sderot" () is a western Negev city in the Southern District of Israel. According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), at the end of 2006 the city had a total population of 19,300. The city an ongoing target of Qassam rocket attacks from the Gaza Strip. In March 2008, the mayor said the population had declined by 10%-15% as families left the city in desperation (aid organizations say the figure is closer to 25%). Many of the families that remain cannot afford to move out or are unable to sell their homes.

Sderot, less than a mile from Gaza, the target of Palestinian rocket attacks that have killed 13 residents, wounded hundreds, caused millions of dollars in damage, disrupted daily life and wreaked havoc on the local economy. According to MSNBC, "nearly everyone traumatized by the frequent sound of air-raid sirens and explosions of incoming projectiles". All local schools have been fortified.AP: , Jan. 11, 2009 From mid-June 2007 to mid-February 2008, 771 rockets and 857 mortar bombs were fired at Sderot and the western Negev, an average of three or four each a day.

The last rocket attack on Sderot occurred in November 2009. According to the AP, Sderot has reached a period of relative calm.

istor
Sderot was founded in 1951 next to the Gevim-Dorot transit camp, on the land of the former Palestinian village of Najd.Morris, Benny (2004), The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0521009677, p. 258The first settlers of Sderot were Kurdish and Persian immigrants who lived in tents and shacks before permanent housing was completed in 1954. In the 1961 census, the percentage of North African immigrants, mostly from Morocco, was 87% in the town, whilst another 11% of the residents were immigrants from Kurdistan. In the 1950s, the city continued to absorb a large number of immigrants from Morocco and Romania, and was declared a local council in 1958.

Sderot again absorbed a large immigrant population during the Aliyah from the Soviet Union in the 1990s, and its population doubled in this decade. In 1996 it was declared a city.

Rocket fire from Gaza

The remnants of Qassam rockets fired on Sderot
Public bomb shelter in Sderot
Building private bomb shelters in Sderot
Sderot lies one kilometer from the Gaza Strip and town of Beit Hanoun. Since the beginning of the Second Intifada in October 2000, the city under constant rocket fire from Qassam rockets launched by Hamas and Islamic Jihad. Sderot"s population density is slightly greater than that of the Gaza Strip. Due to this, and despite the imperfect aim of these homemade projectiles, they have caused deaths and injuries, as well as significant damage to homes and property, psychological distress and emigration from the city. The Israeli government has installed a "Red Color" (צבע אדום) alarm system to warn citizens of impending rocket attacks, although its effectiveness questioned. Citizens only have 15 seconds to reach shelter after the sounding of the alarm. Thousands of Qassam rockets have been launched since Israel"s disengagement from the Gaza Strip in September 2005.

In May 2007, a significant increase in shelling from Gaza prompted the temporary evacuation of thousands of residents. By November 23, 2007, 6,311 rockets had fallen on the city. "Yediot Ahronoth" reported that during the summer of 2007, 3,000 of the city"s 22,000 residents (comprised mostly of the city"s key upper and middle class residents) left for other areas, out of Qassam rocket range. Russian billionaire Arcadi Gaydamak organized a series of relief programs for residents unable to leave.
On December 12, 2007, after more than 20 rockets landed in the Sderot area in a single day, including a direct hit to one of the main avenues, Sderot mayor Eli Moyal announced his resignation, citing the government"s failure to halt the rocket attacks. Moyal was persuaded to retract his resignation.

In a gesture of solidarity, El Al (Israel"s national airline) named one of its first two Boeing 777 passenger planes "Sderot" (the other was named for Kiryat Shmona).

In January 2008, the Jewish Community Relations Council of New York organized a display of 4,200 red balloons outside the United Nations building., By Neta Sela, Ynet News, January 24, 2008. Each balloon represented a Qassam rocket that had been fired into Sderot,, Haaretz, Published January 25, 2008. where for years the town and its surrounding area have been under near-constant bombardment by thousands of rockets and mortar shells fired from Gaza., By Itamar Sharon, Jerusalem Post, Published January 24, 2008. Consul David Saranga, who conceptualized the display, said he used the balloons as an opportunity to call upon the international community to stop ignoring what’s happening in Israel., By David Russell, The Jewish Chronicle, Published May 23, 2008. The balloon display made headlines in New York City papers as well as international publications., AP Images, Published January 2008.

ultur
According to the Jerusalem Post, an unusually high ratio of singers, instrumentalists, composers and poets have come from this small town.Grapevine: Away from the rockets" red glare, Geer Fay Cashman, June 24, 2006, Jerusalem Post In 2007 American-Israeli filmaker Laura Bialis immigrated from California to Sderot "to find out what it means to live in a never-ending war, and to document the lives and music of musicians under fire."

Several popular bands have been formed by musicians who practiced in Sderot"s bomb shelters as teenagers.
, By Kobi Ben-Simhon, Haaretz, 08/11/07Borderland Pop: Arab Jewish Musicians and the Politics of Performance, Galit Saada-Ophir, Hebrew University of Jerusalem , Cultural Anthropology
Volume 21 Issue 2, Pages 205 – 233, 7 Jan 2008
Because Sderot is a poor, immigrant town with high unemployment experiencing a dramatic musical success as bands blend international sounds with the music of their Moroccan immigrant parents, it compared to Liverpool in the sixties., Caroline Westbrook, something Jewish, 09/05/2007 Among the notable bands are Teapacks http://www.teapacks.com Knesiyat Hasekhel and Sfatayim. http://www.israel-music.com/sefatayim/ Well-known musicians from Sderot include Shlomo Bar, Kobi Oz, Haïm Ulliel and Smadar Levi.

Israeli poet Shimon Adaf was born in Sderot, as well as the actor and entertainer Maor Cohen.

Demographics
According to CBS, in 2001 the ethnic makeup of the city was 99.8% Jewish, without significant Arab population. There were 9,500 males and 9,700 females. The age distribution of the city was as follows: 36.5% 19 years of age or younger, 16.2% between 20 and 29, 19.6% between 30 and 44, 14.3% from 45 to 59, 3.8% from 60 to 64, and 9.5% 65 years of age or older. The population growth rate in 2004 was 0.7%.

A number of Palestinian Arab collaborators from the Gaza Strip were resettled in Sderot beginning in 1997 after cooperating with the Shin Bet.

conom
According to CBS figures for 2000, there were 6,301 salaried workers and 367 self-employed in Sderot. The mean monthly wage was NIS 3,845, a real change of 9.0% over the course of 2000. Salaried males had a mean monthly wage of NIS 4,911 (a real change of 11.3%) versus NIS 2,665 for females (a real change of 2.4%). The mean income for the self-employed was NIS 5,378. 603 citizens received unemployment benefits and 3,183 received income supplements.

Hollandia International, founded in 1981, a company that manufacturers and exports high-end mattresses, moved its sole manufacturing center to Sderot 11 years ago. Due to the incessant rocket attacks, Hollandia forced to relocate.http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1200572482270&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull

Sderot is also the first location in Israel to offer WiMAX services, with a WiMAX service for educational institutions initiated on January 8, 2009 by the 012 Smile ISP and the communications ministry.

The Osem plant in Sderot, opened in 1981, is the region"s major employer, with 480 workers. 170 products are manufactured there, including Bamba, Bisli, Mana Hama instant noodle and rice dishes, instant soup powders, shkedei marak, ketchup and sauces.

Education
"Someone wounded" - Drawing by a 7-year old Sderot resident
According to CBS, there are 14 schools and 3,578 students in the city. They are spread out as eleven elementary schools and 2,099 elementary school students, and six high schools and 1,479 high school students. 56.5% of 12th grade students were entitled to a matriculation certificate in 2001. Sapir Academic College and the Hesder Yeshiva of Sderot‎ are located in Sderot.

ilm
Documentary filmmaker Laura Bialis, currently living in Sderot, is making a film entitled "Sderot: Rock in the Red Zone", scheduled for release in 2009, that focuses on young musicians living under the daily threat of Qassams.

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
Sderot is twinned with:

* Antony, France

otable resident
*Amir Peretz, former defense minister
*Kobi Oz, lead singer of Teapacks
*Miri Bohadana, model
*Shlomo Bar
*Laura Bialis
*Smadar Levi
*Erez Biton
*Shimon Adaf
*Haïm Ulliel

ee als
* List of Qassam rocket attacks

References


xternal link

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* Sderot; The Movie,
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Category:Cities, towns and villages in Israel
Category:Settlements established in 1953
Category:History of Israel
Category:Israeli casualties during the Al-Aqsa Intifada
Category:Development towns
Category:Israel–Gaza conflict

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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 17.06.2019 19:26 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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