Skiurlaub- günstig mit FeWo-direkt
     
Hotelsuche in 
 

Schwerin

Germany, Schwerin
Von Wikipedia - die freie Nachrichtenenzyklopädie   auf Facebook posten  Auf Twitter posten  


and Sch-Wittenburg
|date_event1 =  1279
|event2 = Partitioned to create Sch-Boizenburg
|date_event2 =  1323
|event3 = Inherited Tecklenburg
|date_event3 = 1328
|event4 = Sch-Schwerin comital line extinct
|date_event4 =  1344
|event_end = Sch-W"burg-B"burg extinct
|date_end = 1349
|event_post = Comital line extinct; sold to Mecklenburg-Schwerin
|date_post =  1358
|p1 = Duchy of Saxony
|image_p1 = Duchy of Saxony
|s1 = Mecklenburg-Schwerin
|flag_s1 = Flagge Großherzogtümer Mecklenburg.svg
|capital = Schwerin
|footnotes =
}}

"Schwerin" () is a city in northern Germany and the capital of the state Mecklenburg-Vorpommern ("Mecklenburg-West Pomerania"). The population, as of end of 2007, was 95,855.

istor
Schwerin is surrounded by many picturesque lakes. The largest of these lakes, the "Schweriner See", has an area of 60 km². In the midst of these lakes there was once an Obotrite settlement (dated back to the 11th century). The area was called "Zuarin", and the name Schwerin is derived from that designation. In 1160, Henry the Lion defeated the Obotrites and captured Schwerin. The town was subsequently expanded into a powerful regional centre. A castle was built, and expanded upon over the centuries, on this site. It is supposedly haunted by the small, impious ghost, called Petermännchen.

In 1358, Schwerin became a part of the Duchy of Mecklenburg, making it the seat of the dukedom from then on. About 1500, the construction of the Schwerin castle began; it was here that the dukes resided. After the division of Mecklenburg (1621), Schwerin became the capital of the Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Between 1765 and 1837, the town of Ludwigslust served as the capital, until Schwerin was reinstated.

After 1918, and during the German Revolution, resulting in the fall of all the German monarchies, the Grand Duke abdicated. Schwerin became capital of the Free State of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern thereafter.

At the end of World War II, on 2 May 1945, Schwerin was taken by U.S. troops. It was turned over to the British on 1 June 1945, and one month later, on 1 July 1945, it was handed over to the Soviet forces, as the British and American forces pulled back from the line of contact to the predesignated occupation zones. Schwerin was then in the Russian Occupation Zone which was to become the German Democratic Republic (GDR). Initially, it was the capital of the State of Mecklenburg which at that time included the western part of Pomerania (Vorpommern). After the states were dissolved in the GDR, in 1952, Schwerin served as the capital of the Schwerin district (Bezirk Schwerin).

After reunification in 1990, the former state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern was recreated as one of the "Bundesländer". Rostock was a serious contender as state capital but the decision favored Schwerin.

Main sights
* The landmark of the city is the Schwerin Castle, located on an island in the lake of the same name ("Schweriner See"). It was, for centuries, the residence of the Dukes of Mecklenburg and today is the seat of the Landtag (state parliament).
* Schwerin Cathedral, built in 1260–1416 in Brick Gothic style.
* The "Alter Garten" (Old Garden) square, surrounded by buildings such as the 18th-century "Altes Palais" (Old Palace), the neoclassical "Staatliches Museum Schwerin" (State Art Museum), built in 1877–1882, and the "Staatstheater" (City Theater), erected in 1886.
* The town hall (18th century)
* Schelfkirche (Saint Nicolai, originally built 1238, but rebuilt in 1713 after destruction by a storm)
* Television mast Schwerin-Zippendorf

Museums
* The "Staatliches Museum Schwerin-Kunstsammlungen" (State Art Museum) houses a remarkable collection of 15th- to 19th-century Dutch and German art, including works by Rembrandt, Cranach the Elder, and Rubens. There are also German medieval collections, including porcelain (especially Dresden porcelain), 18th-century court paintings, and works by such modern artists as Max Liebermann.
* The "Technische Museum" (Technical Museum), housed in the former "Marstall" (Royal Stables).

Gallery

Image:Schwerin 2002 12.jpg | Schwerin Castle
Image:Schwerin 20090410.jpg | Pfaffenteich and the Schwerin Cathedral
Image:Germany schwerin aerial view ArM.jpg | Aerial view of Schwerin
Image:Schwerin_coat-of-arms.jpg | Coat of arms, 1939–91
Image:Schwerin_St_Paul.jpg | St. Paul"s church
Image:Schwerin_Fridericianeum.jpg | Fridericianeum
Image:Schwerin_E_Werk.jpg | Former power station
Image:Museum Schwerin2.jpg | State museum


eference


xternal link

*
*
* ,
*






Category:German state capitals
Category:1358 disestablishments
Category:States and territories established in 1161
Category:States and territories established in 1165

af:Schwerin
zh-min-nan:Schwerin
br:Schwerin
bg:Шверин
ca:Schwerin
cs:Schwerin
cy:Schwerin
da:Schwerin
de:Schwerin
et:Schwerin
el:Σβερίν
es:Schwerin
eo:Schwerin
eu:Schwerin
fr:Schwerin
ko:슈베린
hsb:Zwěrin
io:Schwerin
id:Schwerin
os:Шверин
it:Schwerin
he:שוורין
kk:Шверин
la:Suerinum
lt:Šverinas
lmo:Schwerin
hu:Schwerin
ms:Schwerin
nah:Schwerin
nl:Schwerin
ja:シュヴェリーン
no:Schwerin
nn:Schwerin
oc:Schwerin
pms:Schwerin
nds:Swerin
pl:Schwerin
pt:Schwerin
ro:Schwerin
ru:Шверин
stq:Schwerin
sq:Shverini
simple:Schwerin
sk:Schwerin
sr:Шверин
fi:Schwerin
sv:Schwerin
tr:Schwerin
uk:Шверін
vi:Schwerin
vo:Schwerin
war:Schwerin
zh:什未林
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 10.08.2022 18:44 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
Overview
 

 

Kommentare zu diesem Artikel
 
Neuer Kommentar
Name *
Email * (wird nicht öffentlich angezeigt)
Kommentar
* Pflichtangaben
 
Diesen Artikel empfehlen

Absender Empfänger Nachricht (optional)
Name
E-Mail

Name
E-Mail
   
 
 
Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Reiseportal
 
REISEPORTAL
|pop_date = 2008-12-31|pop_urban = 3700000|pop_metro = 5000000|elevation = 34 - 115|GDP = 81.7|GDP_year = 2007|Website = / |leader_title = Governing Mayor|leader = Klaus Wowereit|leader_party = SPD|ruling_party1 = SPD|ruling_party2 = Die Linke|votes
|pop_date = 2008-12-31|pop_urban = 3700000|pop_metro = 5000000|elevation = 34 - 115|GDP = 81.7|GDP_year = 2007|Website = / |leader_title = Governing Mayor|leader = Klaus Wowereit|leader_party = SPD|ruling_party1 = SPD|ruling_party2 = Die Linke|votes
|pop_date = 2007-10-31|pop_metro = 4300000|GDP = 86.153|GDP_year = 2006|GDP_percent = 3.9|Website = |leader_title = First Mayor|leader = Ole von Beust|leader_party = CDU|ruling_party1 = CDU|ruling_party2 = Green
|pop_date = 2007-10-31|pop_metro = 4300000|GDP = 86.153|GDP_year = 2006|GDP_percent = 3.9|Website = |leader_title = First Mayor|leader = Ole von Beust|leader_party = CDU|ruling_party1 = CDU|ruling_party2 = Green
|pop_date = 2007-10-31|pop_metro = 4300000|GDP = 86.153|GDP_year = 2006|GDP_percent = 3.9|Website = |leader_title = First Mayor|leader = Ole von Beust|leader_party = CDU|ruling_party1 = CDU|ruling_party2 = Green
"Frankfurt am Main" (, ), commonly known simply as "Frankfurt", is the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany, with a 2008 population of 670,000. The urban area had an estimated population of 2.26 million in
 
Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Nachrichtenportal
 
NACHRICHTEN
The number of cases reported to Cologne police following a night of mass sex assaults and thefts continued to rise sharply, with the latest official figures rising to 516 complaints from a previous 379. Cologne, Germany (dpa) - Around 40 per cent of
German detectives investigating papers and a computer found at the flat of a couple linked to a suspected bomb plot told dpa on Saturday that they have found Islamist videos stored on the drives. Wiesbaden, Germany (dpa) - The videos are of a violent
The international community should not wait for progress on the diplomatic front before providing much needed assistance to the Gaza Strip, German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier said Monday as he toured the Palestinian enclave. Gaza City
Decisive action must be taken against right-wing protesters who rioted in front a shelter for asylum seekers in eastern Germany at the weekend, the country's vice chancellor said Monday. Berlin (dpa) - "The people spreading this violence must
Turkey on Friday carried out its first airstrikes against the Islamic State extremist group in Syria, targeting an area near the site of deadly cross-border clashes between its army and the militants a day earlier. Istanbul (dpa) - Prime Minister
There comes a time in everyone’s life when they have to address the age-old question: “What do you want to be when you grow up?” As a child, it’s easy to pick all the awesome jobs such as the president, an astronaut, or a rock star. However,
Wetter

Berlin


(10.08.2022 18:44)

-5 / -2 °C


11.08.2022
-5 / 0 °C
12.08.2022
-6 / -2 °C
powered by wetter.com
Stock News

Ecken
LÄNDER
STÄDTE
EUROPA-TOUREN

Agenda - The Week Ahea ...
Agenda - The Week Ahea ...

Afghan Farah Governor ...
Ministry Warns Cinema ...

How Short Attention Sp ...
Puigdemont won't seek ...

URGENT: Norway's Bjoe ...
China highlights Beiji ...

© europe online publishing house GmbH, Weiden, Germany, info@europeonline-magazine.eu | Impressum