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San Severo

Italy, San Severo
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"San Severo" is a city and "comune" of the province of Foggia in the southern Italian region of Apulia.

It rises on the foot of the spur of Gargano and is cathedral city since 1580. San Severo has still the ruins of its old fortifications.
Detail of the façade of the Church of St. Lawrence.

History
San Severo was founded in the 11th century around a small church built by the Benedictine monks from Montecassino. Its development as trade town was rapid.
In 1053 it represented the scene of the historical victory by Robert Guiscard over the papal troops under Pope Leo IX (see Battle of Civitate).
After rising up against the royal authority, it was completely destroyed by Emperor Frederick II in 1233 and was sold to the Knights Templar. After that it became a royal town and seat of the Governor of the Capitanata - ancient name of the province of Foggia - and the province of Molise.

In 1579, because of its decline, it was sold to the princess of Sangro.

In 1799 the town was conquered by the French soldiers and destroyed again.
The overlordship was inherited from the Benedictine monks of the abbey of Torremaggiore, the Knights Templars, the Crown of Naples and the family possessing the Valley of Sangro, the lords of Torremaggiore.

In 1627, 1828 and 1851 the town endured several damaging earthquakes.

During World War II San Severo was the home of a U.S. airbase of the Fifteenth Air Force. P-51 fighters of the 31st Fighter Brigade lead the armed escorts and support operations from San Severo on April 2, 1944 to March 3, 1945.

San Severo is famous for its yearly festival held on the third Sunday of May. Called "La Festa del Soccorso" (The Festival of Help/Aid), it is held in honor of the patron saints of San Severo, "La Madonna del Soccorso" (The Madonna of Help/Aid), St. Severinus Abbot and Saint Severus Bishop. During this festival, San Severo has plenty of nighttime and daytime fireworks in order to celebrate Our Lady. The daytime fireworks are the biggest attraction. Extremely loud firecracker chains (some which can be termed downright explosive) are placed along the city streets. In many cases they extend for kilometers. A common practice is for young males to run along the firecrackers as they explode down the street. These people are called "fuejentes" (people who enjoy running through the fireworks)and are proud to keep to this traditional "race through the fireworks" alive. For this reason San Severo is called "the city of fireworks".

Main sights
* Cathedral of Our Lady of Assumption ("Santa Maria Assunta") now in Baroque style, housing a valuable 12th century font.
* Mother Church of St. Severino ("Chiesa Matrice di San Severino") - which has conserved part of the Romanesque exterior.
* Church of St. Laurence ("Chiesa di San Lorenzo") in Baroque style.
* Church of Pietà ("Chiesa della Pietà") in Baroque style.
* Palace of the Bishop ("Palazzo del Vescovo").
* Palace of the Seminary (17th century, "Palazzo del Seminario").
* Theatre "Giuseppe Verdi" (1937).
The Madonna "La Madonna del Soccorso" (The Madonna of Help/Aid) is black and her infant is white.

Famous people
*Raimondo di Sangro (1710 – 1771), a learned, eccentric and controversial free-thinker and inventor, became Prince of San Severo. The plant sansevieria is named in honor of him.
*Mario Carli (1888 - 1935), poet, novelist, essayist, diplomat, and journalist.
*Andrea Pazienza (1956 - 1988), comics artist.
*Michele Pazienza (1982), football (soccer) player.

References

*

External links
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Category:Cities and towns in Apulia


ar:سان سيفيرو
ca:San Severo
cs:San Severo
de:San Severo
es:San Severo (Foggia)
eo:San Severo
fr:San Severo
is:San Severo
it:San Severo
la:Castellum Sancti Severini
hu:San Severo
nl:San Severo
ja:サン・セヴェーロ
nap:San Severo
nn:San Severo
pl:San Severo
pt:San Severo
scn:San Severu
uk:Сан-Северо
vi:San Severo
vo:San Severo
zh:聖塞韋羅
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 05.07.2022 08:35 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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