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Rueil-Malmaison

France, Rueil-Malmaison
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|department = Hauts-de-Seine
|arrondissement = Nanterre
|canton =
|INSEE =
|postal code = 92500
|mayor = Patrick Ollier
|term =
|intercommunality =
|elevation m =
|elevation min m =
|elevation max m =
|area km2 = 14.7
|population = 77800
|population date = 2005 1 July 2005 estimate, 73,469 at the 8 March 1999 census
}}

Office building in the new business district of Rueil-sur-Seine, near Rueil-Malmaison"s historical center.

"Rueil-Malmaison" ( or ) is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, in the Hauts-de-Seine department of France. It is located . from the center of Paris.

am
Rueil-Malmaison was originally called simply Rueil. In medieval times the name Rueil was spelled either "Roialum", "Riogilum", "Rotoialum", "Ruolium", or "Ruellium". This name is made of the Celtic word "ialo" (meaning "clearing, glade", "place of") suffixed to a radical meaning "brook, stream" (Latin "rivus", Old French "rû"), or maybe to a radical meaning "ford" (Celtic "ritu").

In 1928, the name of the commune officially became Rueil-Malmaison in reference to its most famous tourist attraction, the Château de Malmaison, home of Napoléon"s first wife Joséphine de Beauharnais.

The name Malmaison comes from Medieval Latin "mala mansio", meaning "ill-fated domain", "estate of ill luck". In the Early Middle Ages Malmaison was the site of a royal residence which was destroyed by the Vikings in 846.

istor
Rueil is famous for the Château de Malmaison where Napoleon and his first wife Joséphine de Beauharnais lived. Upon her death in 1814, she was buried at the nearby Saint-Pierre-Saint-Paul church, which stands at the centre of the city.

The Rueil barracks of the Swiss Guard were constructed in 1756 under Louis XV by the architect Axel Guillaumot, and have been classifed "Monument historique" since 1973. The Guard was formed by Louis XIII in 1616 and massacred at the Tuileries on 10 August 1792 during the French Revolution.

During the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, Rueil was located on the front line.

At the end of the 19th century, renowned Impressionist painters like Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Edouard Manet and Claude Monet came to paint the Seine River which crosses the town.

Rueil is (despite the title) the principal location of the novel "Loin de Rueil" by the French novelist Raymond Queneau, 1903 - 1976.

emographic
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conom
The main campus of the French Institute of Petroleum research organisation is in Rueil. The city has also become home to many large companies moving out of La Défense business district, located only . (3 miles) from Rueil, a trend first established by the move of Esso headquarters to Rueil.

There are about 850 service sector companies located in Rueil, 70 of which employ more than 100 people. A business district called "Rueil-sur-Seine" (previously known as "Rueil 2000") was created near the RER A Rueil-Malmaison station to accommodate these companies. The business district is equipped with a fiber-optic network.

Several major French companies have their world headquarters in Rueil-Malmaison, such as Schneider Electric and VINCI. Several large international companies have also located their French headquarters in Rueil-Malmaison, such as ExxonMobil,AstraZeneca and Unilever.

ranspor
Rueil-Malmaison is served by Rueil-Malmaison station on Paris RER line A.

andmark
The Château de Malmaison, the residence of Napoléon"s first wife Joséphine de Beauharnais, is located in Rueil-Malmaison, and open to the public who may visit this Napoleonic "musée national", on regular guided tours.

win town
* Ávila, Castile and León, Spain (Sister City)
* Fribourg, Switzerland
* Lynchburg, Virginia, USA (Sister City)
* Elmbridge, England, UK
* Sergiev Posad, Russian Federation
* Timişoara, Romania
* Jelgava, Latvia, since 2006
* Zouk Mikael, Lebanon, since 18 April 2009

eference


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Category:Communes of Hauts-de-Seine

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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 27.03.2017 08:40 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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