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Rovinj

Croatia, Rovinj
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Old town harbor

Rovinj, seen from the southern harbor

Rovinj Old town, seen from Valdibora

Rovinj after sunset

"Rovinj" (Istriot: "Ruvèigno" or "Ruveîgno"; Italian: "Rovigno") is a city in Croatia situated on the north Adriatic Sea with a population of 13,562 (2007). It is located on the western coast of the Istrian peninsula and is a popular tourist resort and an active fishing port. Istriot, a Romance language once widely spoken in this part of Istria, is still spoken by part of the residents (also called Rovignese by those who speak it here). There is a centre of History Research which is an institution of the Council of Europe.

eograph
Rovinj is one of nine towns in Istrian County. The climate is Mediterranean. The average temperature is 4.8°C in January and 22.3°C in July. The average annual temperature is 16°C.
Sea temperature is more than 20°C from the middle of June to the middle of September. The average annual sea temperature is 16.6 °C.

From the middle of May to the middle of September the sun shines more than 10 hours a day.
The rainfall averages 941 mm a year. The average humidity is 72%. Vegetation is subtropical.

Originally the peninsula on which the city lies was an island, separated from the mainland by a channel. The latter was filled in 1763. Rovinj Archipelago includes 22 islets.

istor
Rovinj was already a settlement of Illyrian tribes before being captured by the Romans, who called it "Arupiunum" or "Mons Rubineus", and later "Ruginium" and "Ruvinium". Built on an island close to the coast, it was connected with the mainland in 1763 by filling in the channel.http://www.croatiatraveller.com/Istria/RovinjHistory.html

It became part of the Byzantine empire, then in the sixth century part of the Exarchate of Ravenna and in 788 part of the Frankish empire. Then it came under the rule of different feudal lords during several centuries. From 1209 it was ruled by the Aquilean patriarch.

It was from 1283 to 1797 one of the most important towns of Istria under the Republic of Venice. The city was fortified by two rows of walls with three town gates. The remaining town walls date from this period. Close to the pier one can find the old town gate "Balbi"s Arch", dating from 1680, and a late-Renaissance clock tower. The city got its statutes in 1531.

After the fall of Venice and the Napoleonic parenthesis, Rovinj was part of the Austrian Empire until World War I. Then it belonged to Italy from 1918 to 1947, when it was ceded to SR Croatia within SFR Yugoslavia. During that period much of the Italian inhabitants left the city.

opulatio
There are around 15,000 people living in Rovinj. 76.31% are Croats, with around 11,500 citizens. Ethnic minorities include 2,400 Italians (16%), Serbs (3.51%), Albanians (2.37%) and Bosniaks (1.81%).

ity governmen
The City Assembly is composed of 19 representatives, coming from the following political parties:

* Istrian Democratic Assembly (IDS) 13
* Independent 3
* Social Democratic Party of Croatia (SDP) 2
* Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) 1

ntertainment and Nightlif
The local entertainment hub is Monvi, a multimedia centre that includes a night club, an open-air theatre, a number of disco bars, a Mexican restaurant and a pizzeria. It is very popular with locals that travel from neighbouring towns and cities to sample some of its entertainment offerings. Monvi regularly hosts concerts and events with big names from the Croatian popular music scene or international house and techno DJs. Outside of Monvi, nightlife is primarily relegated to coffee bars or local pub-type bars. In the summer months, the city is buzzing with young people although it becomes quiet in the winter, with most bars closing early and Monvi centre being open only on certain weekends.

The busiest area is the very centre of Rovinj, extending from the main bus station toward the old part of town. It is where most bars are located and where locals hang out. Popular bars among young locals are La Tabacheina, Buzz and Sax, the latter sharing an extensive open air terrace with a number of surrounding bars overlooking the pier that in the Summer evenings becomes one of the busiest places in town.

Every August, Rovinj hosts Grisia, a popular open air art fair wherein local and international artists exhibit their work on the cobbled streets of Grisia.

hoppin
The main thoroughfare is Carrera, located in the centre of downtown. The street is lined with shops, boutiques and bars. The street has recently been fully pedestrianised. In the old city centre and in the centre of Rovinj around Carrera there are plenty of different shops, boutiques, jeweller’s shops, souvenir shops and art galleries.

ouris
According to the data of the Tourist Association of the Istrian County, Rovinj is the second leading destination in terms of the number of realized overnights. It is also unofficially considered one of the most beautiful towns on the Adriatic coast. The most numerous visitors to the city of Rovinj are Italians, Germans, Austrians, Dutch and British. The two closest airports are Trieste and Pula. Since the recent introduction of low cost flights from the UK to Trieste, Treviso, Venice and Pula the number of UK visitors has increased dramatically. In the Summer season, there is a direct high speed ferry link between Venice and Rovinj, facilitating the transfer of visitors flying into Marco Polo airport to the town of Rovinj.

There are numerous hotels in the town itself, and beds are abundant though usually overbooked in the Summer months. Accommodation ranges from private rooms or apartments to bungalows, camping sites and 2 to 4 star hotels.

Rovinj has been undergoing extensive revitalisation recently, with a number of new hotels being built or renovated. March 2009 saw the opening of the newly built Monte Mulini Hotel, a 5-star complex situated on the site of the former Monte Mulini bungalowshttp://croatiatraveller.com/blog/rovinj-now-with-five-star-resort-monte-mulini/2009/04/01/. Hotel Lone, another 5-star hotel, is being built next to the Monte Mulini site and is scheduled to be complete in 2010.

atural landmarks and sight
* Church of S. Eufemia
* Zlatni Rt Forest Park
* The Rovinj islands and mainland - These natural sights have been described as "outstanding scenic wonders," because of the pristine beauty of the indented coastline and its forests, consisting of holm oak and Alpine pine trees. This area "of outstanding natural beauty" extends from St. Ivan promontory to Barbariga, including all the Rovinj islands and the mainland 500 metres from the shore line. The Rovinj archipelago consists of 19 islands.
* Limska Draga Fjord
* The Palud marsh and the Dvije Sestrice Islands - The Dvije Sestrice (Two Sisters) islands are a nesting site for seagulls. Because of its thick holm oak forest the Gustinja promontory is regarded as "a forest vegetation reserve."
* Rovinj Town Museum

ransportatio
The preferred means of transport for getting around Rovinj is by car. Rovinj is well-connected with the rest of Istria and with larger cities such as Trieste, Rijeka, Ljubljana and Zagreb.

The closest commercial international airports are Pula (20 miles), Trieste-Ronchi (70 miles) and Rijeka-Krk (80 miles). Car rental is available at each of the airports.

Rovinj is served by the Kanfanar railway station (10 miles), which connects the region to Rijeka. However, travelling by bus is preferred to travelling by train due to the limited connections and schedules. The main bus station is located at the north-east end of Carrera.

ducatio
rimary School
* Juraj Dobrila - 8 year Croatian primary school.
* Vladimir Nazor - 8 year Croatian primary school located in the old part of down just above Carrera road.
* Bernardo Benussi - 8 year Italian primary school.

econdary School
* Zvane Črnje - Croatian secondary (13-18) school.
* Strukovna Škola Eugena Kumičića - Croatian secondary (13-18) school for professional development.
* Talijanska Srednja Škola - Italian secondary school.

See also
* Monkodonja

eference


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Category:Cities and towns in Croatia

ar:روفينج
bs:Rovinj
cs:Rovinj
de:Rovinj
eo:Rovinj
fr:Rovinj
hr:Rovinj
it:Rovigno
he:רוביני
la:Arupinum
lb:Rovinj
hu:Rovinj
nl:Rovinj
ja:ロヴィニ
pl:Rovinj
pt:Rovinj
ro:Rovinj
ru:Ровинь
sq:Rovinji
sl:Rovinj
sr:Ровињ
sh:Rovinj
sv:Rovinj
vec:Rovigno
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 20.06.2019 19:57 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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