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Remscheid

Germany, Remscheid
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"Remscheid" () is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is, after Wuppertal and Solingen, the third largest municipality in Bergisches Land, being located on the northern edge of the region, on south side of the Ruhr area.

The registered population was 113,935 in 2007.

istor
Remscheid was founded in the 12th century, but remained a small village until the 19th century. Early spellings for the city included "Remissgeid" (1217), "Rymscheyd" (1351), "Reymscheyd" (1487) and "Rembscheid" (1639). The economic growth of the entire Rhine-Ruhr region led to an increase of the population of Remscheid. Mechanical engineering and toolmaking were the main industries practised within the town. This is carried on onto today with the Hazet tool company which has two factories in Remscheid. Remscheid was part of the Prussian Rhine Province from 1822-1945.

On 31 July 1943, during the second World War, Remscheid was almost completely destroyed during a British bombing raid which caused a firestorm.

An A-10 Thunderbolt II crashed in the city on 8 December 1988. Six people died.

Today, Remscheid comprises four boroughs, "Alt-Remscheid", "Remscheid-Süd", "Lennep", and Lüttringhausen.

ain Sight
"Müngstener" Bridge.
* The "Müngstener Brücke" is a railroad bridge crossing a valley and connecting Remscheid with the neighbouring town of Solingen. It is 107 m above the ground, making it the highest railroad bridge in Germany. It was constructed in 1897 and originally named the "Kaiser-Wilhelm-Brücke" after Wilhelm I (whose 100th birthday would have been in 1897).
* The "Eschbachtalsperre", the first dam built in Germany for the supply of drinking water is located here. It was built in 1891.
Town Hall of Remscheid.
* The old city of the borough Lennep consists of 116 houses from 1756.

amous Peopl
* Conrad Gerstenmacher, philosopher, died in Remscheid on 12 June 1615.
* Wilhelm Röntgen, the discoverer of x-rays, was born 1845 in Lennep, which is today a borough of Remscheid. There is a museum in Remscheid ("Deutsches Röntgen-Museum") commemorating Röntgen"s life and discoveries.
* Teo Otto, a stage designer, was born in Remscheid in 1904.
* Karl Michael Vogler, an actor, was born in Remscheid in 1928.
* Peter Brötzmann, a free jazz saxophonist, was born in Remscheid in 1941.
* Armin Mersmann, artist, born in Remscheid 1955
* Wolfgang Tillmans, a photographer, was born in Remscheid in 1968.
* Johann Vaillant, founded the famous heating company Vaillant in Remsheid in the late 19 century.
* Gottfried Duden, German writer, Traveled the United States mostly in Missouri and wrote Bericht über eine Reise nach den westlichen Staaten Nordamerika"s ("Report of a journey to the western states of North America")

eference


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Category:Cities in North Rhine-Westphalia
Category:Settlements established in the 12th century

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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 11.08.2022 18:46 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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