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Rapperswil-Jona

Switzerland, Rapperswil-Jona
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"Rapperswil-Jona" is a municipality in the "Wahlkreis" (constituency) of See-Gaster in the canton of St. Gallen in Switzerland.
Besides Rapperswil and Jona, which were separate municipalities until 2006, the municipality includes Bollingen, Busskirch, Curtiberg, Kempraten-Lenggis, Wagen, and Wurmsbach.

oda
Rapperswil from the air
Rapperswil "Hauptplatz" (main square)
Seedamm causeway
On January 1, 2007, the municipalities of Rapperswil and Jona merged to form a new political entity. published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 23 September 2009 Rapperswil-Jona has a population of 25,777 (17,799 from Jona and 7,601 from Rapperswil). This makes it the second largest town in the canton after the capital St. Gallen itself.

Rapperswil-Jona is one of the most significant traffic junctions in the region, and Rapperswil train station is serving as nodal point for the SBB-CFF-FFS respectively Südostbahn and S-Bahn Zürich lines. Zürichsee-Schifffahrtsgesellschaft (commonly abbreviated to "ZSG") is operating passenger vessels on the Lake Zürich, connecting surrounding towns between Zürich-Bürkliplatz and Rapperswil. The "Seedamm", a dam across Lake Zurich, links Rapperswil with Hurden (SZ) on the other side of the lake. This connection has been part of old pilgrimage routes. From early centuries, a wooden footbridge led across Lake Zurich. At a later stage, the bridge was replaced by a stone dam. In 2001, a new wooden footbridge was opened alongside the dam for the first 840 meters of the crossing. It was built in the same place as the original bridge and links Rapperswil with the nearby bridge chapel ("Heilig Hüsli") built in 1551.

The main sights are concentrated in the centre of Rapperswil and can be seen while strolling through the medieval alleys. The main sights of Rapperswil are its roses, the castle, the reconstructed wooden bridge to Hurden with its bridge chapel, and a Capuchin monastery. There are also a number of churches, chapels, and the nearby Wurmsbach Abbey. In the surroundings of the town there are a number of churches. St. John"s Church in Rapperswil was built around 1220 and became Rapperswil"s parish church in 1253, the Chapel St. Ursula in the village of Kempraten was built around 885. The St. Dionysius Chapel, dedicated to Denis, the first bishop of Paris, was reconstructed in 1493 and attracts pilgrims. The nunnery at Wurmsbach (Wurmsbach Abbey) was established in 1259 and today houses an institute for girls, and St. Martin Busskirch is the former parish church of Rapperswil.

Bollingen on upper Lake Zürich
St. Martin Busskirch
Rapperswil Castle "Zeitturm" (clock tower). View from "Hauptplatz" (main square).
Bollingen is known for the "Tower" built there by Carl Jung. Kempraten is one of the most important archeological sites in the the canton of St. Gallen and is located at the eastern parts of the upper Lake Zurich. Jona river is flowing through the municipality in the upper Lake Zürich. In 2006 Rapperswill-Jona hosted the World Orienteering Championships.

istor
Settlements in the region of Rapperswil date back at least 5000 years. Atop the "Lindenhof" hill overlooking a former small village ("Endingen"), Rapperswil Castle was built around 1220 by the Counts of Rapperswil and is first mentioned in 1229. The town was founded when the nobility of Rapperswil moved from Altendorf across the lake to Rapperswil. The town was soon acquired by the Habsburg family who, in 1358/60, built the wooden bridge across the upper Lake Zürich. Later, the town bought itself free, and ending Old Zurich War made an alliance with the Swiss Confederation. Because of its strategic location along important infrastructure the town grew rich because of flourishing trade. This allowed a certain degree of freedom which was ended with the formation of Swiss cantons by Napoleon. Rapperswil was at first part of the Helvetic canton of Linth. After 1803"s Act of Mediation, it joined the canton of St. Gallen. The locational advantage of the place attracted the national Circus Knie who built its headquarters in Rapperswil in 1919. The circus is now also responsible for the Knie"s Kinderzoo and the "Circus Museum".

eograph
Rapperswil-Jona has an area, , of . Of this area, 37.4% is used for agricultural purposes, while 30.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 28.6% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (3.4%) is non-productive (rivers or lakes).

The municipality is located in the See-Gaster "Wahlkreis" and was formed from the merger of Rapperswil (SG) and Jona.

emograhic
Most of the population () speaks German (86.9%), with Italian being second most common ( 3.1%) and Serbo-Croatian being third ( 2.1%). accessed 07-January-2010

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 30.3% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the CVP (19.3%), the SP (17%) and the FDP (13.1%).

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Rapperswil-Jona about 74.6% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either University or a "Fachhochschule").

conom
, Rapperswil-Jona had an unemployment rate of 1.84%. , there were 183 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 56 businesses involved in this sector. 3,898 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 231 businesses in this sector. 8,340 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 1,077 businesses in this sector.

eritage sites of national significanc
There are five sites that are listed as Swiss heritage sites of national significance. The chapel of St. Dionys, Schloss Rapperswil with the Polish museum and archive and the Town Council house of Rapperswil are the more recent structures. The roman Vicus at "Kempraten" and the "Seedamm" region and bridge (which had existed in some form since the prehistoric era through the Middle Ages with the most recent bridge in 2001) round out the five. 21.11.2008 version, accessed 07-Jan-2010


File:St. Dionys1.jpg|Chapel of St. Dionys
File:St.Dionys innen.JPG|Interior of the chapel
File:St. Dionys Bilder Südwand .JPG|Paintings on the south wall of the chapel
File:Rapperswil - Rathaus IMG 1409 ShiftN.jpg|Town hall of Rapperswil-Jona
File:Rapperswil - Holzbrücke IMG 3862.JPG|Schloss Rapperswil
File:Rapperswil - Polen Museum Bibliothek IMG 2087.JPG|Polish museum at the Schloss
File:Seedamm rapperswil.jpg|Seedamm bridge across the lake
File:Rapperswil - Holzbrücke - Heilighüsli IMG 2873.JPG|reconstruction of the original bridge from c. 1650 BC


ee als
* Settlements comprised by the municipality of Rapperswil-Jona: Bollingen, Busskirch, Jona, Kempraten, Rapperswil
* Points of interest: Hochschule für Technik Rapperswil HSR (University of Applied Sciences Rapperswil), Knies Kinderzoo, Paddle steamer Stadt Rapperswil, Polish Museum Rapperswil, Rapperswil Castle, Wurmsbach Abbey

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Category:Cities in Switzerland
Category:Cultural property of national significance in the canton of St. Gallen

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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 13.04.2021 08:56 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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