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Ptuj

Slovenia, Ptuj
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"Ptuj" (; ) is a city and one of 11 urban municipalities in Slovenia. It is situated in Lower Styria (northeastern Slovenia), and has about 23,000 inhabitants.

It is a colorful city with a diverse nightlife. There are many parks and public spaces inside and outside of the city. The nearest airports are Ptuj Sport Airfield (Moškanjci), which is seven kilometers away, and Maribor Edvard Rusjan Airport, which is eighteen kilometers away.

History
Ouroboros in a wall of the castle of Ptuj

Ptuj is the oldest city in Slovenia. It dates back to the Stone Age and was settled by Celts by the Late Iron Age."PtujTourism.si". ". Accessed November 8, 2006. By the 1st century BC, the settlement was controlled by Ancient Rome. In 69 AD, Vespasian was elected Roman Emperor by his legions in Ptuj, and the first written mention of the town of Ptuj is from the same year. The city of Poetovio was the basecamp of Legio XIII "Gemina" in Pannonia. The name originated in the times of Emperor Trajan, who granted the settlement city status and named it "Colonia Ulpia Traiana Poetovio" in 103. The city had 40,000 inhabitants until it was plundered by the Huns in 450.

In 570 the city was occupied by Eurasian Avars and Slavic tribes. Ptuj became part of the Frankish Empire after the fall of Avar state at the end of 8th century. Between 840 and 874 it belonged to the Slavic Balaton Principality of Pribina and Kocelj. Between 874 and 890 Ptuj gradually came under the influence of the Archbishopric of Salzburg; town privileges passed in 1376 began an economic upswing for the settlement. As Pettau, it was incorporated into the Duchy of Styria in 1555.

Ptuj as seen from the castle.

Pettau was a battleground during the Ottoman wars in Europe and suffered from fires in 1684, 1705, 1710, and 1744. Its population and importance began to decline in the 19th century, however, after the completion of the ViennaTrieste route of the Austrian Southern Railway, as the line went through Marburg (Maribor) instead.

According to the 1910 AustroHungarian census, 86% of the population of Pettau"s Old Town was Germanspeaking, while the population of the surrounding villages predominantly spoke Slovenian. After the collapse of AustriaHungary at the end of World War I, Pettau was included in the shortlived Republic of German Austria, but after the military intervention of the Slovenian general Rudolf Maister, the entire territory of Lower Styria was included into the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs (Yugoslavia). During the interwar period, the number and the percentage of those identifying as Germans in the town, which was renamed Ptuj, decreased rapidly, although a relatively strong ethnic German minority remained.

After the invasion of Yugoslavia in April 1941, Ptuj was occupied by Nazi Germany. From 1941 to 1944 the town"s Slovenian population was dispossessed and deported. Their homes were taken over by German speakers from the province of BolzanoBozen and the Gottschee County, who had themselves been evicted according to an agreement between Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini. These German immigrants, along with the native German "Pettauer", were expelled to Austria in 1945; many later settled in North America.

Since 1945 Ptuj has been populated almost completely by Slovenians.

ity neighborhood
Ptuj Tower.



Landmark
Ptuj Town Hall
* Ptuj Castle
* Cerkev sv. Jurija
* Mali grad
* Ptujski rotovž
* Dominikanski samostan
* Orfejev spomenik
* Minoritski samostan
* Zgornji dvor
* Cerkev sv. Ožbalta
* Florjanovo znamenje

The Kurent or Korant Carnival
"Kurenti" in Ptuj
Ptuj is the center place of a tenday long carnival in the spring, an ancient Slavic pagan rite of spring and fertility, called "Kurentovanje" or "Korantovanje". "Kurent" is believed to be the name of an ancient god of hedonism the Slavic counterpart of the Greek Priapos, although there are no written records.

"Kurenti" or "Koranti" (singular: "Kurent" or "Korant") are figures dressed in sheep skin who go about the town wearing masks, a long red tongue, cow bells, and on the head multicolored ribbons. The "Kurenti" from Ptuj and the adjoining villages also wear feathers, while those from the Haloze and Lancova vas wear horns. Organized in groups, Kurents go through town, from house to house, making noise with their bells and wooden sticks, to symbolically scare off evil spirits and the winter.

People

*Victorinus of Pettau, bishop of the city and Catholic saint
*Nastja Čeh, Slovene footballer, played in the UEFA Champions League with Club Brugge
*Miha Remec, Slovene science fiction author
*Benka Pulko, Slovene long distance motorcycle traveler, writer, photographer, humanitarian and Guinness World Record Holder
*Laris Gaiser, geopolitical analyst and expert of international relations
*Dejan Zavec, Box champion

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
Ptuj is twinned with:

* Varaždin, Croatia (2004)
* Burghausen, Germany (2001)
* Banská Štiavnica, Slovakia (2002)
* SaintCyrsurLoire, France (1998)
* Ohrid, Republic of Macedonia (2006)
* Aranđelovac, Serbia

owns and villages in Ptuj municipalit

*Grajena
*Grajenščak
*Kicar
*Krčevina pri Vurbergu
*Kidricevo
*Mestni Vrh
*Pacinje
*Podvinci
*Ptuj
*Spodnji Velovlek
*Spuhlja

aller

Image:Ptuj Castle inside.JPG|Ptuj Castle
Image:Ptuj2.jpg|The footbridge on the Drava, in Ptuj
Image:Ptuj3.jpg|A street in the center of Ptuj

""

eference


*"Los Angeles Times". Los Angeles, California. July 31, 2005.

External links

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Category:Cities, towns and villages in Slovenia
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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 18.09.2019 08:02 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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