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Prokuplje

Serbia, Prokuplje
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"Prokuplje" (Serbian Cyrillic: Прокупље, , ) is a town and municipality located in Serbia at 43.24° North, 21.59° East. In 2002 the town had a total population of 27,673, while population of municipality was 48,501. It is the administrative center of the Toplica District of Serbia. It is one of the Roman sites of Serbia. It was a kaza center in Niş sanjak as "Ürgüp" during Ottoman rule and was incorporated in Kingdom of Serbia in 1878.

eograph
The Prokuplje municipality is located between municipalities of Blace, Kuršumlija, Bojnik, Žitorađa, Merošina, Aleksinac, and Kruševac.

istor
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Church of Jug Bogdan
The traces of early settlements can be found on neolithic localities such as: Macina ( near Zitni Potok), Kavolak 6 km. on the west from Prokuplje (village Donja Trnava) and settlements on south slopes of Jastrebac mountain in Donja Bresnica village. Vinca period is preserved in Plocnik locality (22 km. from Prokuplje), on the left side of Prokuplje –Kursumlija road. The earliest known metalworking in Europe was found in Pločnik in 2007 dating to 5,500 BC making the Bronze Age several centuries older than previously thoughthttp://remotecentral.blogspot.com/2007/10/archaeologists-in-serbia-discover.html. Those, mostly agricultural early settlements, were replaced by the nomadic Dardan tribes and in IV century b.c. by Celtic tribes from northern Europe. Peaces of ceramics found by the Latin church are traces of those tribes movement on they way to Greece.

In 75-73 year b.c. after Roman defited Dardan tribes, this part of Serbia becomes a Roman province Mezia. One part of Roman „via millitaris“(connecting central Balcan with Adriatic sea ) from Nis, was signed by Pointiger ’ map as Hammeum, or Hameo; the first known name of settlement, so it is believed that first century is period when first settlement was built. At the end of IV century, when Roman empire was divided, all settlements in Toplica region belonged to Eastern empire. The name of the place was Komplos or Komblos ( village-town). Some historian believed that Komplos was rebuited by Emperor Justinijan.

When South Slavic tribes settled in this area in VII century, Komplos was rendered as Slavic Prokuplje.

First written document about today’s town name is from 1395 year when Duches Milica gave away as a present two houses and some belongins from town of St. Prokopius to St. Panteleimon monastery on Saint Atos mountain. Today’s name of town Prokuplje was in use after the replacement of St. Prokopije relicts from Nis in 1386 year. In early middle age, during the rule of Nemanja Prokuplje is not mentioned in any written document.. The settlement gain its importance in King Lazar period, before the Turkish invasion, when the fortress on Hisar hil was rebuilted. Prokuplje was defeated in1454 year and during 423 years of Turkish rule the name of the place was Urcub or Okrub. Between the XVI and XVII century the place has got his town’s rank and become very important like towns: Krusevac, Stalac and Leskovac, because of Dubrovnik marchant families living in Prokuplje and having trade connetions with Dubrovnik.

Prokuplje was liberated from Turks on the 19th of December 1877 year and whole Toplica region in 1878 year. During the First and Second World War Prokuplje was demolished , but in after war period became an industrial town.

rchaeological finding

In July 2008 a major Roman spa was unearthed.http://www.b92.net/eng/news/comments.php?nav_id=52063

On October 9, 2008, Serbian archaeologists in Plocnik found a copper axe believed to be 500-800 years older than the actual beginning of the Copper Age, suggesting that the human use of metal is older than believedhttp://www.serbianna.com/news/2008/03159.shtmlhttp://www.thaindian.com/newsportal/india-news/ancient-axe-find-suggests-copper-age-began-earlier-than-believed_100105122.htmlhttp://www.stonepages.com/news/archives/002557.html.

emographics (2002 census
thnic groups in the Prokuplje municipalit
*Serbs = 45,793
*Roma = 1,809
*Montenegrins = 168

thnic groups in the Prokuplje tow
*Serbs = 25,760
*Roma = 1,258
*Montenegrins = 138

win Citie
* Korgen
* Montauban
* Yverdon-les-Bains

ee als
*List of cities in Serbia

eference


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Category:Cities, towns and villages in Central Serbia
Category:Municipalities of Central Serbia
Category:Roman sites in Serbia

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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 25.06.2022 16:09 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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