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Prizren

Kosovo, Prizren
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Prizren.
League of Prizren building in Prizren.
destroyed in march 2004.
"Prizren" ( or "Prizreni"; ; ) is a historical city located in southern Kosovo. It is the administrative center of the homonymous municipality and district.

The city has a population of around 170,000, mostly Albanians. The municipality has an estimated population of about 221,000 inhabitants, comprising both the town itself and its 76 villages.

Prizren is located on the slopes of the Šar Mountains in the southern part of Kosovo, at . The municipality has a border with both Albania and the Republic of Macedonia.

Name

Its name comes from old Slavic Призрѣньhttp://sci.tech-archive.net/pdf/Archive/sci.lang/2007-12/msg00968.pdf, from при-зрѣти, indicating fortress which could be seen from afarDETELIć, Mirjana: Градови у хришћанској и муслиманској епици, Belgrade, 2004, ISBN 86-7179-039-8. (compare with Czech "Přízřenice").

History

Ancient

The area of the Prizren valley was settled by Illyrians in ancient times.

The Roman,.A Roman town ca. 76 km SW of Priština on the Bistrica river in the region of Kosovo and Metohija. It lay on the direct route from Lissos in Macedonia to Naissus in Moesia Superior. The town continued to exist during the 4th to 6th c. but was of far greater significance during the mediaeval period and was even capital of Serbia for a short time during the 14th c. town of "Theranda" in Ptolemy"s is mentioned in the 2nd century A.D. "Geography" .In the 5th century A.D. it is mentioned with the name of "Petrizên" by Procopius of Caesarea in "De aedificiis" (Book IV, Chapter 4). Sometimes it is mentioned even in relation to the "Justiniana Prima".

Mediaeval

From 830s the city and the whole region were included in the Bulgarian Empire. In 1018, after the fall of the First Bulgarian Empire under Tsar Samuel, the Byzantines created a "Theme of Bulgaria", raising a Bulgarian Episcopate in Prizren.

A Bulgarian uprising arose in 1072 under Georgi Voiteh. Constantine Bodin of the House of Vojislavljević who was also son of Duklja"s Serbian King Mihailo Vojislav was dispatched by his father and Duke Petrilo with 300 best Serb soldiers to merge with Voiteh"s forces in Prizren. There, Bodin was crowned "Petar III, Tsar of the Bulgarians" of the House of Comitopuli. The rebellion was crushed in months in 1073 and Eastern Roman rule restored.

In a war with the Crusaders against the Byzantine Empire, Serbian Duke Stefan Nemanja conquered Prizren in 1189, but after the defeat of 1191, had to give the city back to the Byzantines. The City was taken by the Bulgarian Empire in 1204, although, it was finally seized by Grand Prince Stefan II Nemanjić of Serbia in 1208 during a period of internal instability in Bulgaria under Boril.

Serbian King Stefan Milutin raised the Temple of Our Holy Lady of Ljeviš in Prizren which became the seat of the Serbian Orthodox Prizren Episcopate. During the reign of Emperor Stefan Dušan throughout the 14th century, Prizren had the Imperial Court, seated in the fortress now known as Kaljaja, and that court was the political center of the Serbian Empire. Serb Emperor Dušan raised the massive Monastery of Saint Archangel near the City in 1343-1352. In the vicinity of Prizren was Ribnik - a town where the two Serbian Emperors had their Courts. The city of Prizren became known as the "Serbian Constantinople" because of its trading and industrial importance. It was the centre of production of silk, fine trades and a colony of merchants from Kotor and Dubrovnik. In the 14th century Prizren was the seat of the Ragusan Consule for the entire Serb monarchy.

The city became a part of the domain of the House of Mrnjavčević under Serbian King Vukašin in the 1360s. With the final disintegration of the Serbian Empire, Zeta"s ruler Đurađ I of the House of Balšić dynasty took the City with the surroundings in 1372. The House of Branković under Vuk Branković then became the City"s owners, under vassalage to the House of Lazarević that managed to reunite the former Serb Lands. Lazarevićs" founder, hero Prince Lazar was educated in Prizren. The dynasty would switch allegiances to the Ottoman Empire before returning under the Serbian Despot Stefan Lazarević, son of Lazar.

Ottoman period

The Ottoman Empire soon took the city in 1545. Later it became a part of the Ottoman province of Rumelia. It was a prosperous trade city, benefiting from its position on the north-south and east-west trade routes across the Empire. Prizren became one of the larger cities of the Ottomans" Kosovo Province ("vilayet").


Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 17.05.2022 16:39 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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