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Porvoo

Finland, Porvoo
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"Porvoo" (; ) is a city and a municipality situated on the southern coast of Finland approximately east of Helsinki. The town received its name from a Swedish earth fortress near the river Porvoonjoki which flows through the town (Swedish ", " meaning castle and " river). Porvoo is one of the six medieval towns in Finland, first mentioned as a city in texts from 14th century. Porvoo is the seat of the Swedish speaking Diocese of Porvoo of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland.

istor
Porvoo was first mentioned in documents in the early 14th century, and Porvoo was given city rights around 1380, even though according to some sources the city was founded in 1346. The old city of Porvoo was formally disestablished and the new city of Porvoo founded in 1997 when the city of Porvoo and the Rural municipality of Porvoo were consolidated. When Sweden lost the city of Viborg to Russia in 1721, the episcopal seat was moved to Porvoo. At this time, Porvoo was the second largest city in Finland. After the conquest of Finland by Russian armies in 1808 Sweden had to cede Finland to Russia in 1809 (the Treaty of Fredrikshamn). The Diet of Porvoo in 1809 was a landmark in the History of Finland. The Tsar Alexander I confirmed the new Finnish constitution (which was essentially the Swedish constitution from 1772), and made Finland an autonomous Grand Duchy.

The "Porvoo Common Statement" is a report issued at the conclusion of theological conversations by official representatives of four Anglican Churches and eight Nordic and Baltic Lutheran Churches in 1989–1992. It established the Porvoo Communion, so named after the Porvoo Cathedral where the Eucharist was celebrated on the final Sunday of the conversations leading to the Statement.

Porvoo Cathedral prior to the fire in May 2006

rban developmen
The town is famed for its "Old Town" (" in Swedish), a dense mediaeval street pattern with predominantly wooden houses. The Old Town came close to being demolished in the 19th century by a new urban plan for the city. The plan was cancelled due to a popular resistance headed by Count Louis Sparre

The central point of the old town is the medieval, stone and brick Porvoo Cathedral which gave its name to the Porvoo Communion – an inter-church agreement between a number of Anglican and Lutheran denominations. The cathedral was damaged by fire, started deliberately by vandals, on 29 May 2006: the roof was totally destroyed but the interior is largely intact.

The red-coloured wooden storage buildings on the riverside are a proposed UNESCO world heritage site. Already by the early 19th century the authorities understood the value of the old town, and so with the need for growth a plan was made for a "new town" built adjacent to the old town, following a grid plan but with houses also built in wood.
New Housing, Porvoo, by architect Tuomas Siitonen

By the end of the 20th century there was pressure to develop the essentially untouched western side of the river. There was concern that growth would necessitate the construction of a second bridge across the river into the town, thus putting further strain on the wooden town. An architectral competition was held in 1990, the winning entry of which proposed building the second bridge. Plans for the western side of the river have progressed under the direction of architect Tuomas Siitonen, and both a vehicle bridge and a pedestrian bridge have been built. The design for new housing is based on a typology derived from the old store houses on the opposite side of the river. Yet another new development entails the construction of a large business park called King"s Gate (" in Finnish, " in Swedish), which is presently under construction.

Porvoo railway station does not receive regular train services, but special excursion trains from Kerava (either with steam locomotives or comprising former VR diesel railcars from the 1950s) operate on summer Saturdays.

uomenkyl
Suomenkylä, or " in Swedish, is a village north of the center of Porvoo and beside the Porvoo river. Suomenkylä has an old school founded by Johannes Linnankoski in 1898. The village of Suomenkylä also has two burial places from Bronze Age.

erkko
Kerkkoo, or " in Swedish, is a village north of the center of Porvoo and beside the Porvoo river. Kerkkoo has an old school which is over 100 years old and still active. From the village of Kerkkoo archeologists and townspeople found a stone axe from the Bronze Age.

port
Porvoon Akilles, or just Akilles, plays in the highest bandy division and has become Finnish champions twice.

otable peopl
*Remu Aaltonen, musician
*Albert Edelfelt, painter
*Hanna Ek, Miss Finland 2005
*Sami Hyypiä, soccer player
*Johan Ludvig Runeberg, national poet
*Ville Vallgren, sculptor
*Grand Duke Vladimir of Russia, Romanov Dynast

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
Porvoo is twinned with:
* Dalvík, Iceland
* Dinkelsbühl, Germany
* Hamar, Norway
* Hancock, Michigan, USA
* Kamień Pomorski, Poland
* Lund, Sweden
* Tyresö, Sweden
* Ventspils, Latvia
* Viborg, Denmark
* Viimsi, Estonia
* Viljandi, Estonia

eference


xternal link

* – Official website
*
*
* – train service to/from Helsinki on summer Saturdays



Category:Porvoo
Category:Cities and towns in Finland
Category:Municipalities of Eastern Uusimaa Region

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bg:Порвоо
ca:Porvoo
cs:Porvoo
da:Porvoo
de:Porvoo
et:Porvoo
es:Porvoo
eo:Porvoo
eu:Porvoo
fr:Porvoo
ko:포르보
io:Porvoo
it:Porvoo
lt:Porvas
nl:Porvoo
ja:ポルヴォー
no:Borgå
pl:Porvoo
pt:Porvoo
ro:Porvoo
ru:Порвоо
se:Porvoo
sk:Porvoo
fi:Porvoo
sv:Borgå
tr:Porvoo
uk:Порвоо
vi:Porvoo
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 15.10.2019 06:27 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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