Skiurlaub- günstig mit FeWo-direkt
     
Hotelsuche in 
 

Pinsk

Belarus, Pinsk
Von Wikipedia - die freie Nachrichtenenzyklopädie   auf Facebook posten  Auf Twitter posten  
"Pinsk" (, ), a town in Belarus, in the Polesia region, traversed by the river Pripyat, at the confluence of the Strumen and Pina rivers. The region is known as the Marsh of Pinsk. It is a fertile agricultural center. It lies south-west of Minsk. The population is about 130,000. The city is a small industrial center producing ships sailing the local rivers.

The historic city has a beautifully restored downtown full of two-story buildings dating from the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century.

History
Pinsk is first mentioned in the chronicles of 1097 as Pinesk, a town belonging to Sviatopolk of Turau. The name is derived from the river Pina. Pinsk"s early history is closely linked with the history of Turau. Until the mid-12th century Pinsk was the seat of Sviatopolk"s descendants, but a cadet line of the same family established their own seat at Pinsk after the Mongol invasion of Rus in 1239.

The Pinsk principality had an important strategic location, between the principalities of Navahrudak and Halych-Volynia, which fought each other for other Ruthenian territories. Pinsk did not take part in this struggle, although it was inclined towards the princes of Novaharodak, which is shown by the fact that the future prince of Novaharodak and Voyshalk of Lithuania spent some time in Pinsk.

In 1320 Pinsk was won by the rulers of Navahrudak, who incorporated it into their state, known as the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. From this time on Pinsk was ruled by Gedimin"s eldest son, Narymunt. Afterwards, for the next two centuries the city had different rulers.

In 1581 Pinsk was granted the Magdeburg rights and in 1569, after the union of Lithuania with the Crown of the Polish Kingdom, it became the seat of the province of Brest.

From 1633 on Pinsk had a secondary school, a so-called brotherhood school (the brotherhoods were religious citizens" organisations with the aim of providing education for their members and their children). During the Cossack rebellion of Bohdan Khmelnytsky (1640), it was captured by Cossacks who carried out a pogrom against the city"s Jewish population; the Poles retook it by assault, killing 24,000 persons and burning 5,000 houses. Eight years later the town was burned by the Russians.

In 1648, on the eve of the Russo-Polish War (1654-1667), Pinsk was occupied by Ukrainian Cossack army under commander Niababy and could only be reconquered with great difficulty by prince Janusz Radziwiłł, a high-ranking commander in the Polish-Lithuanian army. During the war between Moscow and Poland-Lithuania (1654-1667) the city suffered heavily from the attacks of the Muscovite army under Prince Volkolnsky and its allied army of Ukrainian Cossacks.

Charles XII took it in 1706, and burned the town with its suburbs. In spite of all the wars the city recovered and the town developed with the existence of a printing workshop in Pinsk from 1729-44. Pinsk fell to the Russian Empire in 1793 in the Third Partition of Poland.

Up to the Second World War and the Holocaust, like many other cities in Europe, Pinsk had a significant Jewish population: according to Russian census of 1897, out of the total population of 28,400, Jews constituted 21,100 (so around 74% percent), making it one of the most Jewish cities in the Eastern Europe.Joshua D. Zimmerman, "Poles, Jews, and the politics of nationality", Univ of Wisconsin Press, 2004, ISBN 0299194647,

Pinsk Jews reading Mishna (1924)
In April 1919, at the beginning of the Polish-Soviet War, thirty-five Jews from Pinsk were murdered by Polish soldiers, in an incident known as the Pinsk massacre. The Poles suspected them of being Bolshevik collaborators. This event created a diplomatic incident that was noted at the Versailles Conference. "Best of the memory books," Marcin Wodzinski, Haaretz, Books, February 2009, pp.28-30

Pinsk became part of Poland in 1920 after the Polish-Soviet War and was occupied by the Soviet Union in 1939. At this time, the city"s population was over 90% Jewish.

From 1941 to 1948, Pinsk was occupied by Nazi Germany. In 1939, the population of Pinsk totaled 30,000, of whom 27,000 were Jews. Most of them were killed in late October 1942, after their deportation by the Nazis from the Pinsk ghetto."Best of the memory books," Marcin Wodzinski, "Haaretz", Books, February 2009, pp. 28–30 Ten thousand were murdered in one day. Pinsk has been part of Belarus since its independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.

Landmark
Jesuit collegium
Two main sights of the town are lined along the river. These are the Assumption Cathedral of the monastery of the greyfriars (1712-30) with a campanile from 1817 and the Jesuit collegium (1635-48), a large Mannerist complex, whose cathedral was demolished after the World War II. The foremost among modern buildings is the black-domed Orthodox cathedral of St. Theodore.

otable resident
St. Theodore Cathedral
* Ryszard Kapuściński (1932-2007), Polish writer and reporter
* Anzia Yezierska (c. 1890-1970), writer
* Simon Kuznets (1901–1985), 1971 Nobel laureate in economics
* Golda Meir (1898–1978), fourth prime minister of Israel, born in Kiev, lived two years of her childhood in Pinsk
* Adam Naruszewicz (1733–1796), Polish poet, historian, bishop
* Chaim Weizmann (1874–1952), first president of Israel, born in Motal, near Pinsk and educated in Pinsk
* Ivan Zholtovsky (1867–1959), Russian and Soviet architect
* Igor Kolb (1977?-), principal dancer of Mariinsky Ballet
* Shlomo Lipsky (1899-1989), Israeli businessman
* Vladimir Chub (1948-) governor of Rostov Oblast in Russia
* Izya Shlosberg (1950-), Jewish American artist, born in Pinsk and lived in Pinsk for 44 years
* Sir Isaac Shoenberg(1880-1963), electrical engineer born in Pinsk, principal inventor of the first high-definition television system, as used by the BBC.

ibliograph
* "The Jews of Pinsk, 1506-1880" Mordechai Nadav, Stanford University Press
eference


xternal link


*
*
*
* , "Jewish Encyclopedia"
*
*
*



Category:Cities and towns in Belarus
Category:Shtetls
Category:Settlements established in the 11th century



be:Горад Пінск
be-x-old:Пінск
bs:Pinsk
bg:Пинск
cs:Pinsk
de:Pinsk
et:Pinsk
es:Pinsk
fr:Pinsk
ko:핀스크
id:Pinsk
it:Pinsk
he:פינסק
lt:Pinskas
lv:Pinska
hu:Pinszk
nl:Pinsk
ja:ピンスク
no:Pinsk
pl:Pińsk
pt:Pinsk
ru:Пинск
sr:Пинск
fi:Pinsk
sv:Pinsk
uk:Пінськ
vo:Pinsk
zh:平斯克
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 17.06.2019 09:21 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
Overview
 

 

Kommentare zu diesem Artikel
 
Neuer Kommentar
Name *
Email * (wird nicht öffentlich angezeigt)
Kommentar
* Pflichtangaben
 
Diesen Artikel empfehlen

Absender Empfänger Nachricht (optional)
Name
E-Mail

Name
E-Mail
   
 
 
Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Reiseportal
 
REISEPORTAL
"Belarus", ( ; , ), officially the "Republic of Belarus", is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe, bordered clockwise by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the
"Slonim" (Belarusian: Сло́нім is a city in Hrodna voblast, Belarus, capital of the Slonim District. It is located at the junction of the Shchara and Isa rivers, 143 km southeast of Hrodna. The population in 2008 was 50,800.tymology and
|arname=رهط|meaning=Calm, comfort|founded=1972|type=city|typefrom=1994|stdHeb=|altOffSp=|altUnoSp=|district=south|population=42,200|popyear=2007|area_dunam=19586|mayor=Talal al-Krenawi|pushpin_map=Israel|latd=31 |latm=23 |lats=33 |latNS=N|longd=34
"Pinsk" (, ), a town in Belarus, in the Polesia region, traversed by the river Pripyat, at the confluence of the Strumen and Pina rivers. The region is known as the Marsh of Pinsk. It is a fertile agricultural center. It lies south-west of Minsk. The
"Kobryn or Kobrin" (, ; ; ; ) is a city in the Brest voblast of Belarus and the center of the Kobryn Raion. The city is located in the southwestern corner of Belarus where the Mukhavets River and Dnepr-Bug Canal meet. The city lies about 52 km
"Lida" (, , , ) is a city in western Belarus in , situated 160 km west of Minsk. It is the fourteenth largest city in Belarus.EtymologyThe name "Lida" is derived from the name of the river "Lidzeya", whose origin is associated with the
 
Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Nachrichtenportal
 
NACHRICHTEN
The former leader of Catalonia, who led the Spanish region to a declaration of independence last year and subsequently fled to Belgium, has said he will not seek to regain his former post "for the time being." Madrid (dpa) - Renouncing a
Ties between Germany and Turkey have become increasingly strained of late, as Berlin struggles to strike a balance between pressure to criticize President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's increasing authoritarianism, and maintaining good relations with the
German Chancellor Angela Merkel has paid a hefty price to end months of political deadlock and seal a coalition deal between her conservatives and the Social Democrats (SPD), but has weeks to go before forming a government. Merkel‘s Christian
An Austrian fraternity with links to the governing Freedom Party (FPOe) faces dissolution by the authorities, the government announced on Wednesday, reacting to revelations over Nazi-style texts in the group's songbook. Vienna (dpa) - The scandal has
With formal negotiations imminent on forming a new government with Chancellor Angela Merkel's conservatives, Germany's Social Democrats (SPD) are meeting on Thursday to plan their strategy for the tough talks ahead. Berlin (dpa) - The SPD is
The European Union has removed eight countries - including Panama, the United Arab Emirates and South Korea - from its 17-country blacklist of international tax havens, just seven weeks after the list was compiled. Brussels (dpa) - The eight
Wetter

Minsk


(17.06.2019 09:21)

-9 / -4 °C


18.06.2019
-7 / -4 °C
19.06.2019
-14 / -6 °C
powered by wetter.com
Stock News

Ecken
LÄNDER
STÄDTE
EUROPA-TOUREN

Agenda - The Week Ahea ...
Agenda - The Week Ahea ...

Afghan Farah Governor ...
Ministry Warns Cinema ...

Puigdemont won't seek ...
Turkish tensions with ...

URGENT: Norway's Bjoe ...
China highlights Beiji ...

© europe online publishing house GmbH, Weiden, Germany, info@europeonline-magazine.eu | Impressum