Skiurlaub- günstig mit FeWo-direkt
ITS | Jahn | Tjaereborg

Espresso der Extra-Klasse

Hotelsuche in 


Bulgaria, Pernik
Von Wikipedia - die freie Nachrichtenenzyklopädie   auf Facebook posten  Auf Twitter posten  

"Pernik" () is a city in western Bulgaria (around 40 km south-west of Sofia) with a population of 91,883 . It is the main city of and lies on both banks of the Struma River in the Pernik Valley between the Viskyar, Vitosha and Golo Bardo mountains.

Originally the site of a Thracian fortress founded in the 4th century BC, and later a Roman settlement, Pernik became part of the Bulgarian Empire in the early 9th century as an important fortress. The name Pernik is thought to have originated from that of Slavic god Perun with the Slavic placename suffix –nik (or –ik) added, and was first mentioned in the 9th century. The medieval town was a key Bulgarian stronghold during Bulgarian tsar Samuil"s wars against the Byzantine Empire in the 11th century, when it was governed by the local noble Krakra of Pernik, withstanding Byzantine sieges a number of times.

From 1396 until 1878 the city was under Ottoman rule. In the 20th century Pernik developed rapidly as a centre for coal mining and heavy industry. During the Communist rule of Bulgaria it was called "Dimitrovo" between 1949 and 1962 after Bulgarian Communist leader Georgi Dimitrov. The Surva International Festival of the Masquerade Games is held in the city every January. Pernik has two football teams, PFC Minyor Pernik and FC Metalurg.

The medieval Bulgarian fortress of Krakra, overlooking the city
Pernik is a successor of the medieval town of Krakra. In the 4th century the Thracians built a fortress there. There is a rich collection of archaeological findings that evidence the existence of a Thracian settlement in the late Neolithic. The richest collection of pottery in the Central Balkans dates from that time. It is kept in the Historical Museum.

A wonderful exhibition of relieves and sculptures is kept there, dedicated to the health-giving gods Asclepius and Hygieia, held in reverence in this region because of the presence of mineral springs.

Bulgarians took advantage of the fortified spot and built one of the mightiest Bulgarian strongholds — Pernik. This name was first mentioned in the 9th century. It is associated with the Slavic god Perun. At the beginning of the 11th century the settlement was a fortress, impenetrable to the Byzantines. It was the seat of the legendary governor Krakra of Pernik, who played an important role in the time of the First Bulgarian Empire. The city was occupied by Stefan Nemanja, who was Grand Prince of Raska between 1190-1191.

Today, the fortress is one of the greatest historical sites of the city. In the time of the Ottoman occupation Pernik lost its significance as a fortress because it was located deep in the interior of the Empire. Until after the Liberation of Bulgaria Pernik was a small stockbreeding village, consisting of several scattered hamlets.

The beginning of Pernik"s modern history is set in the 20th century with the development of the rich coal-beds of the region. According to some scientists, the existence of coal was already known in the 10th and 11th centuries. Before their industrial exploitation started, the local people dug it up with picks and shovels and transported coal with carts and wheelbarrows. Pernik"s rapid development is associated with the large shipments of coal to the capital city, intended for household needs and for the railroad transport. Until then, coal for the railroads and the river and sea steamboats was delivered from as far as Cardiff in the United Kingdom.

As the first miners" quarters were built on the terraces of the Struma River, the beginning of the miners" settlement of Pernik was set, one kilometre to the east of the village of the same name. It is a town since 1929, and since 1958 — a regional centre. The coal output reached its apogee at that time. Pernik has been an energy centre of Bulgaria for a few decades.

The Central Mining Office
Palace of Culture in Winter time
The Church of St. Ivan of Rila
Office Building "Elena"


* Palace of Culture
* History Museum
* Mining Museum
* Krakra"s stronghold
* Duhlata cave
* Church of St John of Rila

Famous natives
* Georgi Dimitrov, politician
* Georgi Parvanov, president of Bulgaria
* Angel Malinov, writer
* Velizar Dimitrov, football player
* Zdravka Evtimova, writer
* Romel Ivanov, athlete, national champion 1500m., 800m.
* Valentin Khristov, athlete, weightlifting 1980 Olympics silver medallist

* "1 store"
* "1 store"
* "3 stores"
* Supermarket T-market "2 stores"
* "3 stores"
* Mall — in processes of building. The Mall is going to be very big and luxurious. Many famous brands will place their stores in the new Mall of Pernik.

The town is home to the Minyor Pernik football team, who play in the Bulgarian A Professional Football Group, as of 2008-09 season.

Pernik is the seat of the eponymous Pernik municipality (part of ), which includes the following 24 places (towns in bold):

Town twinning
"Pernik" is twinned with:

* Ovar, Portugal
* Magdeburg, Germany
* Lausanne Switzerland
* Skopje, Macedonia
* Lublin, Poland
* Caen, France
* Cardiff, Wales
* Elektrostal, Russia
* Milan, Italy
* Obrenovac, Serbia
* Ljubljana, Slovenia
* Split, Croatia
* Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina
* Heraklion, Greece
* Pardubice, Czech Republic
* Graz, Austria
* Århus, Denmark
* Luhansk, Ukraine
* Las Vegas, USA


Image:Pernik-Bulgaria-view-from-Krakra-Fortress.jpg|Overview of the city
Image:Krakra-fortress-Bulgaria-6.jpg|Ruins of the medieval fortress of Krakra near Pernik
Image:Pernik Mining Administration IFB.JPG|Mining Administration building (built 1929–1932)
Image:Pernik Palace of Culture IFB.JPG|"Palace of Culture" (built 1953–1957)

External links

Category:Settlements established in the 4th century BC
Category:Cities and towns in Bulgaria

id:Pernik, Bulgaria
nl:Pernik (stad)
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 20.01.2018 19:34 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.


Kommentare zu diesem Artikel
Neuer Kommentar
Name *
Email * (wird nicht öffentlich angezeigt)
* Pflichtangaben
Diesen Artikel empfehlen

Absender Empfänger Nachricht (optional)

Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Reiseportal
"Bulgaria" ( , officially the "Republic of Bulgaria" (, "Republika Bulgaria", ), is a country in Southern Europe. Bulgaria borders five other countries: Romania to the north (mostly along the Danube), Serbia and the
"" (, , historically ) is a port city of northeastern Bulgaria, lying on the southern bank of the lower Danube at the country"s border with Romania. is the administrative centre of and one of the important cities of the historical region of
"Trojan" may refer to:* Troy* Trojan language* Trojan (astronomy), orbiting body "Computing"* Trojan horse (computing), malicious software* Trojan (video game), arcade game "Music"* The Trojan Men, singing group * Trojan Records, British record label
"Trojan" may refer to:* Troy* Trojan language* Trojan (astronomy), orbiting body "Computing"* Trojan horse (computing), malicious software* Trojan (video game), arcade game "Music"* The Trojan Men, singing group * Trojan Records, British record label
"" (, sometimes transliterated as "Bourgas") is List of cities and towns in Bulgariathe second-largest city and seaside resort on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast with population 210,260. It is also the fourth-largest by population in the country,
"Widin" was the last attested Ostrogothic noble in Italy. After Teia"s defeat at the hands of the Byzantine eunuch general Narses at the Battle of Mons Lactarius, south of present-day Naples, in October 552 or early 553, organized Ostrogothic
Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Nachrichtenportal
London (dpa) - After nearly 35 years at the head of the Irish republican party, Sinn Fein leader Gerry Adams is set to be replaced by his deputy, Mary Lou McDonald, in party elections next month.The 48-year-old McDonald, who on Saturday was confirmed
Sofia (dpa) - German Chancellor Angela Merkel voiced optimism Saturday that the Social Democrats (SPD) will agree to quickly launch coalition talks with her conservative Christian Democratic Union."The world is not waiting for us," she said after
Moscow (dpa) - Russian troops are being withdrawn from the Kurdish enclave of Afrin in north-west Syria which is being pounded by Turkish jets, Russian news agencies report citing the Defence Ministry.The Russian Foreign Ministry is meanwhile urging
Cairo (dpa) - US Vice President Mike Pence arrived in Cairo on Saturday, kicking off a trip to the Middle East overshadowed by tensions sparked by President Donald Trump‘s recognition of Jerusalem as Israel‘s capital.Pence‘s
Berlin (dpa) - Leading figures in Germany‘s Social Democratic Party (SPD) made last-ditch calls to delegates ahead of Sunday‘s special party congress in Bonn to back reconstituting the "grand coalition" that has ruled the country since
Leipzig, Germany (dpa) - Biathlete Frank Roesch will return to the Olympics for Belgium next month in Pyeongchang, 12 years after winning a relay gold for Germany.Roesch, 34, expressed his delight on Facebook Saturday of making the Olympic team for


(20.01.2018 19:34)

-2 / 4 °C

-2 / 2 °C
-5 / -1 °C
powered by
Stock News


Agenda - The Week Ahea ...
Agenda - The Week Ahea ...

Kashmir Border Violenc ...
Serbian President Pays ...

Sinn Fein deputy leade ...
EXTRA Russia withdraws ...

BACKGROUND Venues for ...
Olympic hosting a long ...





© europe online publishing house GmbH, Weiden, Germany, | Impressum