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Perchtoldsdorf

Austria, Perchtoldsdorf
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"Perchtoldsdorf" is a town in the district of Mödling in the Austrian state of Lower Austria, located about 16 km southwest of Vienna.

istor
It is the site of a castle in a chain of fortifications constructed
during Babenberg rule, while the region was
part of the March of Austria, to defend newly conquered territories from the recently displaced Magyars on behalf of the Ottonian and Salian emperors.

The Babenberg vassals continued to rule from the castle after the
end of that dynasty until the death of Otto von Perchtoldsdorf in
1286, when the House of Habsburg inherited control.

During the medieval period, the settlement was granted the rights of a
Market town and the castle was used as a residence for the widowed
Duchesses of the Habsburg dynasty, including Beatrix von Zollern (widow of Albert III). The Duchess Beatrix established a hospital in 1407, now demolished, and an attached church which still survives.

The conflict between Frederick III and Albert VI started an unstable period in the region. In 1446, many homes in the town were burned during the invasion of John Hunyadi, the regent of Hungary. During this time, the castle was occupied by various rival forces, including mercenaries of the King of Hungary from 1477 until 1490 when Maximilian I reestablished Habsburg control over the area. This turbulent period interrupted the construction of the Peel tower which started in 1450 and was finished about 1521.

This tower and other fortifications permitted a successful defense of the city against the Turkish troops during the Siege of Vienna in 1529. But, a later Turkish assault on 16 July 1683 before the Battle of Vienna effectively destroyed the town, and many residents were killed or enslaved.

In modern times, the town is a tourist destination for vacations and visits to the nearby region of the Vienna Woods. It also continues a long history of viticulture and winemaking as the primary agricultural product.

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
Perchtoldsdorf is twinned with:
* "Donauwörth" (Germany)



Category:Cities and towns in Lower Austria

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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 23.10.2017 01:09 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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