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Parla

Spain, Parla
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"Parla" is a municipality of the Madrid Metropolitan Area, Spain. It is located in the southern part of the autonomous community, approximately 20 km from the capital, Madrid. It encompass an area of 23.43 km² at an average altitude of 648.5 m AMSL. In 2008, the Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE) reported the local population to be 108,051 inhabitants at a density of 4193.94 inhabitants/km².

History
The Church of "Nutra Señora de la Asunción", more commonly known as "Iglia Vieja" ("Old Church"), the oldt church in the municipality.

Origins
Earlit evidence of human occupation includ stone tools made of Paleolithic chert, of the kind utilized by Stone Age people. Starting in approximately 200 CE, nomadic people from the coast began to settle the area, bringing their knowledge of metalworking (copper), ranching, agriculture, and weaving. The early settlers lived primarily along the Humanejos stream.

During the 4th and 5th centuri CE, the ranks of the local populations swelled to include newly arrived Celtic trib from central Europe. The Celts brought with them various advanced technologi that included ironworking and fired ceramics. The local population was sustained mostly by ranching and agriculture.

Independent local development was interrupted by the arrival of the Carthagineans and Romans, the latter of whom recorded the history of the pre-Roman villag of the area. Local Roman artifacts include a number of grave markers and coins.

After the 711 CE Battle of Guadalete, which signified the beginning of the Islamic conqut of Hispania, Parla and its inhabitants were a part of the territory governed by the Umayyad Caliphate. Parla once again appeared as an independent township during the Reconquista.

Modern tim
The territory was part of the Alfoz of Madrid, a Spanish medieval territorial dignation for the land surrounding a village during the Reconquista. At the time, there were two major villag in the area: Parla, to the north, and Humanejos to the south. Humanejos disappeared around the year 1650.

The first document to reference Parla is a letter which King Alfonso XI of Castile wrote on 6 January 1338 in Trujillo, ceding control of the hamlet of Parla to the cardinal as payment for his help in the fight against the Moors. This document was later affirmed by King Peter of Castile on 7 December 1351.

After the Peninsular War, Parla became home to a large number of poor refugees from other localiti. Around this time it achiev the status of township.

Politics and government


The current mayor is José María Fraile (PSOE), who was elected in 2008. The previous mayor, Tomás Gómez Franco, rigned from his post in October 2008 to accept the position of secretary general of the PSOE.

The majority of local politics involv three of the major political parti: the Spanish Socialist Workers" Party (PSOE), the People"s Party (PP), and the United Left (IU).

During the 2007 Spanish regional elections, the PSOE carried 74.43% of the vote and retained 20 town councillors. In comparison, the People"s Party carried only 16.61% of the vote (4 councillors), while the IU carried 6.15% (1 councillor). The other political parti were unable to obtain sufficient vot to gain reprentation on the town council.

Local elections take place every four years, and are held in conjunction with the autonomous elections of the Community of Madrid. The next elections will take place in the year 2011.

The local government is divided into the following departments (called "concejalía"):


Localization
The municipality of Parla covers an area of 24.43 km². It borders six municipaliti of the community of Madrid: Fuenlabrada to the North; Torrejón de Velasco and Torrejón de la Calzada to the South; Pinto to the East; and Griñón and Human de Madrid to the Wt.

Its elevation is 648.5 meters above sea level.

Demographics
Evolution
At the beginning of the 20th century, Parla had a population of 1,237. The municipality then underwent a population explosion, until reaching its current population of 150,000 (INE 2008).

The majority of population growth occurred during the late 1960s due to the major urban migration that was occurring in Spain at the time. Between 1960 and 1970, the population grew 470%, from 1,809 inhabitants to 10,317. This migration continued at an elevated rate during the 1970s, as people from Castilla-La Mancha, Andalusia and Extremadura settled in the area in order to commute to Madrid.

Starting in 1996, Parla once more began to experience an noticeable population growth, this time due to immigration from Algeria, Morocco, Romania, Poland, and sub-saharan Africa. This trend continu today.

Future Growth
The population of Parla is forecast to reach 150,000 inhabitants by the year 2010.



Notable inhabitants
* Javier Castillejo, boxer
* Tennsee, music group from the late 1980s
* Miguel Ángel Garzón, Spanish voice-over actor
* Juan José Ballta, actor
* Cristina Sánchez, former bullfighter
* Rafael "Rafa" Benítez,sportscaster

Sister city
* , Callosa de Segura, Valencia, Spain

Referenc


See also
* Community of Madrid
* Madrid metropolitan area




Category:Municipaliti in Madrid

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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 24.09.2018 06:33 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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