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Oviedo

Spain, Oviedo
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"Oviedo" (Bable: Uviéu) is the capital city of the Principality of Asturias in northern Spain. It is also the name of the municipality that contains the city.

Oviedo, which is the administrative and commercial centre of the region, also hosts the annual Prince of Asturias Awards. This prestigious event, held in the city"s Campoamor Theatre, recognizes international achievement in eight categories. Award winners in 2007 include Bob Dylan in the category of Arts and Al Gore in the category of International Cooperation. Oviedo University"s international campus attracts many foreign scholars from all over the globe.

istor
Santa María del Naranco (Pre-Romanesque shrine)
San Julián de los Prados (Pre-Romanesque shrine)
San Miguel de Lillo (Pre-Romanesque shrine)
It is said that two monks, Máximo and Fromestanus, founded the city in 761. That settlement was soon to be completed with the construction of a small church dedicated to Saint Vincent. Nevertheless, the archaeological register has shown traces of occupation since the first century, in Roman times.

King Fruela I of Asturias, the fourth of the Asturian monarchs, was the first decided promoter of the city as may be witnessed by his construction of both a palace and a nearby church. Oviedo owes to a later king, Alfonso II The Chaste (791-842), its establishment as a capital city and ruling seat as a result of the moving of the court from Pravia and the creation of the Pilgrim’s Route to Santiago de Compostela, a major event in the history of Oviedo, a church dedicated to The Saviour, the Cathedral of San Salvador (Oviedo), and a royal palace formed the nucleus and motive power of Oviedo.

During this period the city became the centre of an original and unique architectural expression, inheritor of Visigothic, Roman and Nordic traditions, which was to reach its high point during the reign of Ramiro I of Asturias. Ramiro I sponsored many unique construction projects, which remain a signature of Oviedo to this day.

Cathedral of San Salvador (founded in 781 A.C.), and the Statue of La Regenta.
San Isidoro el Real Church.
Castle of San Juan de Priorio.
The moving of the royal court to León, after the death of Alfonso III, The Great, links the life of the city to the relics preserved in its cathedral and the passing of pilgrims that visit El Salvador, and continue on their way to Santiago de Compostela. The following centuries (12th-16th) witness the development of the medieval city, the outlines of which are still preserved today, the construction of the city walls, a devastating fire which took place on Christmas Eve in 1521, and the aqueduct works, "Los Pilares", constructed in order to provide the city with water throughout the 16th century.

The foundation of the Arts College (University of Oviedo) by Fernando de Valdés Salas, at the beginning of the 17th century, opened Oviedo to a progressive urban expansion. Further impulse was in the 18th century by the regional nobility and the construction of remarkable palaces; in the 19th century by industrial growth and the suburban development of Uría Street; and finally in the 20th century by administrative and commercial development.

The Siege of Oviedo in 1936 was a memorable event in the Spanish Civil War. The army garrison rose in support of the coup d"état and stood a siege of three months by a rag-tag ensemble of forces loyal to the Republican government until relieved in 1937.

rchitectur
* Cathedral of San Salvador, from 13th century, erected in 1288 over the previous cathedral, which was founded in the 8th century.
* Cámara Santa de Oviedo. Dating from 802. It is located within the Cathedral, and it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
* Santa María del Naranco Hall, 9th century. A relatively large pavilion, part of the palace complex built for and by King Ramiro I.
* San Miguel de Lillo (small church), 9th century.
* Basilica of San Julián de los Prados.
* La Foncalada. Fountain of the 9th century. It is the only preserved Pre-Romanesque civil work in the whole of Europe.
* The University of Oviedo was created in 1574, but only inaugurated on September 21, 1608, the feast of Saint Matthew. It was funded by the terms of the will of Archbishop D. Fernando Valdés Salas, minister and General Inquisitor under Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and Philip II.
* Town Hall (Casa Consistorial). Dates from 1662.
* La Balesquida Chapel (XIII century). Associated with Oviedo"s taylors" guild. Repeatedly restored in the 17th, 19th and 20th centuries. It is dedicated to the Virgin of Hope.
* House of the Llanes (XVIII century). It is the best Baroque façade in the whole of Asturias.
* Deán Payarinos" House (XX century). A building on the Beaux Arts style. Nowadays, it houses the Eduardo Martínez Torner Conservatory.
* The Monastery of San Vicente (VIII century). At the moment, home of the Archaeological Museum of Asturias.
* The Convent Church of Santo Domingo, Oviedo (XVI century). One of the monastic settlements outside the city walls. The original building burnt down in 1934 and it was heavily reconstructed after the Civil War.
* El Fontán Market(17th century-18th century). A simple but rather monumental complex; an 18th century porticoed square, which housed the vegetable market. It fell victim to speculative manoeuvres. It was left to deteriorate on its own; claiming that it was beyond repair, it was then demolished on 1998 and rebuilt offering all modern amenities, but with its original proportions radically changed; the original complex being much lower than its modern replacement.
* Casas del Cuito, early 20th century Art Nouveau apartment building

ultur
Statue dedicated to the traveller in Oviedo.
Fine Arts Museum of Oviedo of the Asturies.
Oviedo inspired the fictional city of "Vetusta" in Leopoldo Alas" "La Regenta". Other Spanish writers were inspired by the city, including Ramón Pérez de Ayala in "Tigre Juan" and Dolores Medio in her novel "Nosotros los Rivero".

Oviedo was featured prominently in Woody Allen"s movie "Vicky Cristina Barcelona".

"Museums in Oviedo":
* Archaeological Museum of Asturias
* Fine Arts Museum of Asturias
* Camara Santa within the Cathedral
* Diocesan Museum
Prince Felipe Auditorium
Campoamor Theatre.
Building of the executive of the Principality of Asturies.
* "Tabularium Artis Asturiensis"
* Center for the reception and understanding of Preromanesque Art
* (future) Museum of the Militar Technology and Industry

List of Museums

"Other cultural centres in Oviedo":
* Campoamor Theatre
* Filarmónica Theatre
* Prince Felipe Auditorium
* Princess Letizia Congress Palace (in construction)

port
eams based in Ovied
*"Real Oviedo", football team. (Segunda División B league)
*"Esfer Oviedo", roller hockey team. (OK Liga, first division)
*"Domo Residencial Oviedo", basketball team. (EBA league, group A)

nnual sports event
* International Showjumping Competition
* City of Oviedo Horse Show
* City of Oviedo San Silvestre
* City of Oviedo Trial Indoor
* Outdoor Sports Climbing
* Vuelta a España (Cycling)
* Tour of Asturias (Cycling)
* Ascent of Naranco (Cycling)
* City of Oviedo Mountain Bike Open
* City of Oviedo Cycle Criterium
* Base Hockey International Tournament
* International Icehockey Tournament
* Prince of Asturias International Rally
The "Jirafa" Building, in the commercial zone of the city.
* National Auto-Cross Championship
* International Hurdles Competition
* International Chess Open
* Boxing Nights
* City of Oviedo Weightlifting Championship
* Ascension Bowls Tournament
* San Mateo Bowls Tournament

easts and tradition
"The Festive Calendar:"
* Cabalgata de los Reyes Magos de Oriente: The traditional Twelve Night parade, where the Three Wise Men of the East and their retinue parade through the city main streets, reaching the Cathedral Square, where they make their offering to the Child Jesus.
* "L"Antroxu" (Carnival)
* Feast of the "Ascension"
* "La Foguera de San Xuan" (Saint John"s Bonfire):
* "La Balesquida" or "Martes del Bollu":
* The Feast of San Mateo
* "El Desarme" (Disarmament"s Day), commemorating the cunning victory of the locals over a Carlist army during the First Carlist War, during the 1830s

"Gastronomy:"
El Fontán Market.
* "Fabada", bean stew with selected cuts of pork, etc.
* "Callos", tripe
* "Carne gobernada", (chunks of meat, prepared with onion, garlic and white wine sauce)
* "Chorizo a la sidra", (chorizo sausage prepared in cider)
* "Paxarines"
* "Carbayones", Oviedo"s typical almond pastry
* "Sidra", (cider), Asturian typical drink, fermented apple juice
* "Arroz con llechi", a local variation on milk pudding
* "Frixuelos", a local variation of crepes

limat


otable peopl
*Emilio Alarcos Llorach, linguist
*Leopoldo Alas "Clarín", 19th century novelist and literary critic
*Fernando Alonso, Formula One driver and a two-time world champion
*Antonio Gamoneda winner of the 2006 Cervantes Prize
Valdecarzana-Heredia Palace
*Ángel González, poet
*Melendi, popular singer
*HRH Letizia Princesa de Asturias the consort of the Spanish Crown Prince
*Ramón Pérez de Ayala, writer
*Carmen Polo, wife of Spain"s dictator Francisco Franco
*Indalecio Prieto, socialist politician. One the leaders of Spain"s PSOE up to the end of the Civil War and the posterior Exile
*Samuel Sanchez, cyclist. 2008 Olympic Road Race Champion.
*Tioda, 9th century architect who designed several of the city pre-romanesque buildings.

ther places in the municipalit
* Trubia
* Cualloto (divided between two municipalities: Oviedo and Siero)
* San Cloyu
* San Esteban de les Cruces
* Llatores
* Olloniegu

nternational relation
Oviedo"s City Hall.
"Estatua del León" (data from XVII c.) outside at City Hall.

win towns — sister citie
Oviedo is twinned with:

* Valparaíso, Chile, since 1976
* Bochum, Germany, since 1979
* Buenos Aires, Argentina, since 1983
* Veracruz, Mexico, since 1983
* Clermont-Ferrand, France, since 1988
* Tampa, Florida, United States, since 1991
* Santiago de Compostela, Spain, since 1993
* Santa Clara, Cuba, since 1995
* Jersey City, New Jersey, United States, since 1998
* Zamora, Spain, since October 9, 2001
* Torrevieja, Spain, since January 2, 2004
* Hangzhou, China, since 2006
* Valencia de Don Juan, Spain, since 2006
* Oviedo, Florida, United States, since 2006
* Viseu, Portugal, since April 10, 2007

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Category:761 establishments
Category:Municipalities in Asturias

Category:Settlements established in the 8th century
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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 22.11.2017 23:10 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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