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Turkey, Ordu
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"Ordu" is a port on the Black Sea coast of Turkey and the capital city of "Ordu Province".

"Ordu" means "army" in the Turkish language (and the word has come down in modern English as the word "horde"). It comes from the same root Turkic word as "Urdu" (originally "Zaban-e-Urdu-e-Mualla" meaning "language of the Exalted Army"), the national language of modern-day Pakistan. The name may have been given because in the 15th century the city was a headquarters of the Ottoman Empire army .

Artefacts dating back to 15,000 BC have been found in the area, but the city of Ordu was founded in the 8th century BC as "Cotyora", one of a string of colonies along the Black Sea coast established by the Ancient Greek Aegean city of Miletos.

Until 1800 Ordu was a small port mainly populated by Pontic Greeks. The population then grew rapidly during the century due mainly to laws passed by the Ottoman Sultan to settle nomadic Turkish tribes in the area. After the Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878), the population grew with the addition of Turks fleeing the Russian controlled Caucasus and Georgia. The ethnic Greeks left the city in 1924 in the Population exchange between Greece and Turkey. Today the population consists of ethnic Turks, Caucasians, a few Muslim Armenians (Hamshenis) and a very small community of the descendants of Greeks.

rdu toda
Today the city is the centre of a large hazelnut processing industry, including "Sagra", one of the largest Turkish hazelnut processors and exporters, and "Fiskobirlik", the largest hazelnut co-op in the world. The "Sagra" factory shop, selling many varieties of chocolate-covered hazelnut, is one of the town"s attractions.

The local music is typical of the Black Sea region; instruments include the kemençe. The cuisine is mainly based on local vegetables and typical Turkish dishes such as pide and kebab but includes the well-known "burnt ice-cream" which comes in two flavours, plain or caramel.

ell-known resident
* the Ordu Municipality Black Sea Theatre Group, one of the first Turkish theatres outside the major cities, founded by Muhsin Ertuğrul in 1964.

laces of interes
The surrounding countryside, including the high pastures in the mountains, and the Black Sea coast have great natural beauty. Popular sites include:
* Boztepe - the hill above the town, the local viewpoint.
* Cape Jason - Jason and the Argonauts (Golden fleece).
Historical Christian sites in Ordu include:
* the restored Armenian church on Boztepe.
* The ruins of Bolaman Castle.
* Cape Jason - Jason Greek Orthodox Church

See also
* Anatolian Tigers
* Pontic Greeks

External links



Category:Cities, towns and villages in Ordu Province
Category:Black Sea port cities and towns in Turkey

ar:أردو، تركيا
ka:ორდუ (ქალაქი)
nl:Ordu (stad)
tr:Ordu (şehir)
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 20.08.2019 16:48 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.


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(20.08.2019 16:48)

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