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Opava

Czech Republic, Opava
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"Opava" (pronounced ; , ) is a city in the northern Czech Republic on the river Opava, located to the north-west of Ostrava. The historical capital of Czech Silesia, Opava is now in the Moravian-Silesian Region and has a population of 59,843 as of January 1, 2005.

istor
Opava was first documented in 1195. It received Magdeburg city rights in 1224 and was the capital of the Silesian, Bohemian and finally Austrian Duchy of Opava.

In 1614 Karl I of Liechtenstein became Duke of Troppau. After the majority of Silesia was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia during the War of the Austrian Succession after 1740, the remaining Silesian territory still under the control of the Habsburg Monarchy became known as Austrian Silesia with its capital in Troppau (1742–1918). The Congress of Troppau took place here in 1820.

According to the Austrian census of 1910 the town had 30,762 inhabitants, 29,587 of whom had permanent residence there. Census asked people for their native language, 27,240 (92%) were German-speaking, 2,039 (6.9%) were Czech-speaking and 274 (0.9%) were Polish-speaking. Jews were not allowed to declare Yiddish, most of them thus declared the German language as their native. Most populous religious groups were Roman Catholics with 28,379 (92.2%), followed by Protestants with 1,155 (3.7%) and the Jews with 1,112 (3.6%).Ludwig Patryn (ed): ", Troppau 1912.

After the defeat of Austria-Hungary in World War I, Troppau became part of Czechoslovakia in 1919 as Opava.

Opava in 1900

From 1938–45 Opava was part of Nazi Germany according to the Munich agreement. Already a day before Germany"s annexation of the Sudetenland in 1938, the town seceded from its okres and became its own Stadtkreis. After the end of World War II, the German population of Opava was expelled in 1945–46 under terms included in the Beneš decrees; many of them settled in Bamberg, Germany.

While the Duchy of Troppau has ceased to exist, the title of Duke of Troppau lives on to present day, with Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein being the current incumbent.

conomy and cultur
Opava is currently an important business and cultural center. It is the location of several economic and cultural institutions serving the entire region, including the Silesian Land"s Museum, the Silesian University of Opava, and the Silesian Institute of the Academy of Science. The city is part of a congested industrial area along with Ostrava and produces mining equipment. Opava also awards its own Cultural Prize.
The Silesian Theatre in Opava was founded in the year 1805. Plays were performed in German until the end of the Second World War.

otable resident
* Joy Adamson, naturalist
* Franz Bardon, magician
* Petr Bezruč, poet
* Eduard von Böhm-Ermolli, Austrian field marshal
* Gerhard Gerlich, politician
* Pavel Hodula, pipe maker
* Martin of Opava, 13th century historian and cleric
* Joseph Maria Olbrich, architect
* Zuzana Ondrášková, tennis player
* Johann Palisa, astronomer
* Boris Rösner, actor
* Bohdan Sláma, film director
* Pavel Složil, tennis player
* Lukáš Vondráček, pianist
* Lucie Weidt, singer
* Rochus Schüch , Mineralogist,Naturalist
References


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* Old postcards (Czech language)
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Category:Cities in Silesia
Category:Cities and towns in the Czech Republic
Category:Opava District

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de:Opava
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eo:Opava (urbo)
fr:Opava (République tchèque)
hsb:Opava
id:Opava
it:Opava
kk:Опава
la:Oppavia
lt:Opava
hu:Opava (település)
mn:Опава
nl:Opava (stad)
ja:オパヴァ
no:Opava
pl:Opawa
pt:Opava
ru:Опава
sk:Opava (Sliezsko)
sl:Opava
szl:Uopawa
sr:Опава
fi:Opava
sv:Opava
tg:Опава
war:Opava
zh:奥帕瓦
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 20.11.2017 23:49 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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