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Offenburg

Germany, Offenburg
Von Wikipedia - die freie Nachrichtenenzyklopädie   auf Facebook posten  Auf Twitter posten  
:"Offenburg is also the German name of Baia de Arieş in Romania."

"Offenburg" is a city located in the state of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. With about 60,000 inhabitants, it is the largest city, and also the capital of the Ortenaukreis.

Offenburg also houses The Graduate School of Offenburg University of Applied Sciences.
Geography
Offenburg is located near the Rhine between Karlsruhe and Freiburg. The French city of Strasbourg lies directly west across the Rhine. Offenburg lies at the mouth of the Kinzig river valley. The Kinzig flows out of the Black Forest and meets the Rhine near Kehl.

History
The city is first mentioned in historical documents dating from 1148. By 1240 Offenburg had already been declared a Free Imperial City. The city was nearly totally destroyed in the Nine Years War. In 1803 Offenburg lost its status as a Free City and fell under the rulership of the Grand Duchy of Baden.

During the outbreak of the Revolutions of 1848, the "Offenburger Program" which contained thirteen demands "in the name of the people of Baden" was announced at the Salmen Inn on 12 September 1847. This was the first democratic demand in Germany. Along with the Karlsbad Resolves, the Offenburger Program demanded basic and human rights as well as freedom of the press and a progressive income tax structure. On 19 March 1848 the demands were confirmed by the 20,000 member Offenburg Peoples" Assembly.

Government
Mayors
* Gustav Rée (1845 - 1849)

* Karl Heitz (1949 - 1975)
* Martin Grüber (1975 - 1992)
* Dr. Wolfgang Bruder (1992 - 2002)
* Edith Schreiner (since 2003)

Representatives to the Federal Parliament
* Dr. Wolfgang Schäuble (CDU)

Economy
Offenburg is home to Hubert Burda Media, a large printing and publishing company.

Culture and Attractions
There are several historical attractions in Offenburg including:

* The Salmen Inn
* The Capuchin Monastery
* The "Ritterhaus", a 1784 manor-house that has been converted into the city archives and museum
* The Jewish Bath "(Mikwe)": a bathhouse belonging to the city"s historical Jewish community; it was held to be medieval, but recent research suggests it may be from the 16th or 17th century http://www.offenburg.de/scripts/download.php?key=3b550fde53bb&file=/dynamic/presse/offenblatt/c0f7fe26ed198ad3.pdf&name=offenblatt_240104
* The former Royal Palace ("Königshof") built by Michael Ludwig Rohrer, now the Police station

"The Offenburg Hauntings"
Local folklore claims that the Jewish Bath at Offenburg is haunted due to a series of murders in and around the medieval bath house. Descriptions of sightings have included voices crying for help and complete or partial apparitions. The Society for Paranormal Investigation has rated it as one if its Top 100 Most Haunted places in the World.

It should be noted, however, that the facts do not bear out the claims made by "local folklore." Almost all Jews were deported from Baden in 1940/1941 (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camp_Gurs#Jews_deported_from_Baden). Indeed, local folklore knows nothing of the bath being haunted - there is no mention of such at the website describing tours of the bath in German http://www.offenburg.de/html/besichtigung_des_judenbads.html, nor is there any mention of this in German on the Internet. The claim here is a complete fabrication, not local folklore. The head of Alemanica Judaica in Offenburg, which documents Jewish life in the region http://www.alemannia-judaica.de/, stated in reaction to this Wikipedia entry, "Sorry, but I have never heard of any stories of the bath being haunted."

People
* Kurt Baschwitz, Jewish journalist
* Atika Bouagaa, female volleyball player
* Burda family
** Aenne Burda, an honorary citizen
** Franz Burda I. (Franz Burda), founder of the "Hubert Burda Media", an honorary citizen
** Hubert Burda, an honorary citizen
* Artur Dinter, lived here
* Hans Furler, lived here
* Johann Hofer, layer, lived here
* Michael Kaeshammer, boogie-woogie pianist, vocalist, composer, arranger
* Otto Kumm, lived here
* Dirk von Lowtzow
* Georg Monsch, an honorary citizen
* Lorenz Oken
* Franz von Roggenbach, an honorary citizen
* Felix Roth, football player
* Hanns-Martin Schleyer, manager, employer and industry representative
* Emil Sutor, sculptor
* Hermann Vallendor, WWI German Ace, Jagdstaffel Boelcke
* Martin Wagner, football player

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
Offenburg is twinned with:
* Borehamwood, United Kingdom
* Pietra Ligure, Italy
* Altenburg, Germany

: for more see http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Offenburg#St.C3.A4dtepartnerschaften

Notes


External links
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Category:Ortenaukreis
Category:Imperial free cities
Category:Historic Jewish communities


als:Offenburg
da:Offenburg
de:Offenburg
et:Offenburg
eo:Offenburg
fr:Offenbourg
id:Offenburg
it:Offenburg
nl:Offenburg
no:Offenburg
nn:Offenburg
pl:Offenburg
pt:Offenburg
ro:Offenburg
ru:Оффенбург
fi:Offenburg
sv:Offenburg
tr:Offenburg
vo:Offenburg
zh:奥芬堡
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 27.03.2017 08:42 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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