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Offenbach am Main

Germany, Offenbach am Main
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"Offenbach am Main" is a city in Hesse, Germany, located on southside of the river Main. In 2006 it had a population of 116,923. The city is part of the Frankfurt/Rhine-Main metropolitan area.

Offenbach was a center of the leather industry, which has however declined in the last decades. It is still the seat of the "Deutsches Leder Museum" (German Leather Museum), and also of the international leather fair.

istor
The 120-meter high "City-Tower".
The first documented reference to Offenbach appears in 977. In 1486 the Isenburg Family took control of city, and 1556 Count Reinhard of Isenburg relocated his Residence to Offenbach, building a palace, the Isenburger Schloß, which was completed in 1559. It was destroyed by fire in 1564 and rebuilt in 1578.

In the mid 1600s Offenbach passed into the possession of the Landgraves of Hesse-Darmstadt who ruled it until 1815 when the Congress of Vienna gave the city to the Austrian Emperor, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor. A year later it was returned to the Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt. The city was ruled by Grand Dukes of Hesse and by Rhine until the monarchy was abolished in 1918.

During the Second World War a third of the city was destroyed by Allied bombing which claimed 467 lives.

With the new district Lauterborn the city was expanded to south in the 1960s.

Offenbach is also the seat of the "Deutscher Wetterdienst" (German weather service) and home to the soccer club "Kickers Offenbach" and their stadium "Bieberer Berg".

Offenbach is part of the S-Bahn Rhein-Main-System with six S-Bahn stations: "Offenbach-Kaiserlei, Offenbach-Ledermuseum, Offenbach-Marktplatz, Offenbach-Ost, Offenbach-Bieber, Bieber-Waldhof".

Boroughs of Offenbach
* Bürgel (incorporated 1908)
* Bieber (incorporated April 1, 1938)
* Lauterborn
* Rumpenheim (incorporated April 4, 1942)
* Waldheim
* Lohwald
* Tempelsee
* Rosenhöhe

conom
S-Bahn station: Marktplatz
Until the early 1970s Offenbach was dominated by the machine-building and leather industries. The city hosts the German Association for Electrical, Electronic and Information Technologies to this day.

Offenbach was also the European center of typography, with Gebr. Klingspor and Linotype (inventors of Optima or Palatino typeface) moving to nearby Eschborn in the 1970s and MAN Roland printing machines still a major employer today. Typography and design still remain important with a cluster of graphic design and industrial design companies, as well as the university level HfG Offenbach design school and the Klingspor Museum.

In recent years Offenbach has become a popular location for a wide array of services, especially from the transport sectors. Offenbach host to the European headquarters of Honda, Hyundai Motors and Kumho Tires.http://www.kumhoasiana.co.kr/kumho_en/servlet/html?pgm_id=KUMHO000047

Economy of Offenbach

File:Sheraton-offenbach.jpg|The Sheraton Offenbach
File:Honda Small Hybrid Sports Concept.jpg|Honda Small Hybrid Concept at the IAA 2007
File:Ubs-offenbach.jpg|UBS Bank, Offenbach. Former Schröder, Münchmeyer, Hengst & Co building
File:Goldpfeil Offenbach.jpg|Goldpfeil Offenbach


ain sight
home to the soccer club Kickers Offenbach stadium "Bieberer Berg"
Klingspor Museum

difice
*"Isenburg Palace", typical Renaissance building from 1576, now used by the Offenbach Design University
*"Büsingpalais".
*Rumpenheim Palace.
*French Protestant Church and French Protestant Community.
*Westend Quarter (19th century).
*Several art deco apartment houses.
*Former Synagogue "Capitol" (now a concert hall).
*Buildings by early 20th century architect Hugo Eberhardt: "Heyne" Factory, main building of the Design University , AOK Insurance building.
*Prefabricated houses by Egon Eiermann in Lauterborn
*Soccer-stadium "Stadion Bieberer Berg".

useum
*German Leather Museum
*Klingspor Museum, museum of typography and calligraphy
*Haus der Stadtgeschichte, municipal historical museum


Main sights of Offenbach

File:HfG Offenbach 03.jpg|The HfG is an art and design university.
Image:Diba stadion offenbach 06.JPG|home to the soccer club Kickers Offenbach stadium "Bieberer Berg"
File:Offenbach Isenburger Schloss c.jpg|The Isenburg Castle in Offenbach
Image:Offenbach Büsing Palais a.jpg|"Büsingpalais"


opulation histor

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Offenbach has the highest percentage of foreign people throughout Germany.


ayors from 1824 - 2009
Horst Schneider
*1824–1826: Peter Georg d"Orville
*1826–1834: Heinrich Philipp Schwaner
*1834–1837: Peter Georg d"Orville
*1837–1849: Jonas Budden
*1849–1859: Friedrich August Schäfer
*1859–1867: Johann Heinrich Dick
*1867–1874: Johann Martin Hirschmann
*1874–1882: Hermann Stölting
*1883–1907: Wilhelm Brink
*1907–1919: Andreas Dullo
*1919–1933: Max Granzin
*1947–1949: Johannes Rebholz
*1950–1957: Hans Klüber
*1957–1974: Georg Dietrich
*1974–1980: Walter Buckpesch
*1980–1986: Walter Suermann
*1986–1994: Wolfgang Reuter
*1994–2006: Gerhard Grandtke
*2006–: Horst Schneider


People
* Rabbi Abraham Bing
* Gottfried Böhm
* Moritz Wilhelm August Breidenbach
* Heinrich von Brentano
* Ray Bumatai, born here
* Thea Dorn
* Jacob Frank
* Prince Philipp of Hesse
* Karlgeorg Hoefer
* Hans Hotter
* Regina Jonas, first female Rabbi, ordained in Offenbach
* Heinrich Kaminski, worked here
* Friedrich Kellner, attended Goethschule here
* Rudolf Koch, worked and taught here
* Fritz Kredel, studied here
* Philipp Mainländer, died here
* Helene Mayer, born here
* Jacques Offenbach
* Götz Otto, born here
* Anthony Rother Electronic musician
* Snap!, German dance group
* Jan Trubecki
* Berthold Wolpe
* Pascal Behrenbruch, German decathlete.


People from Offenbach

File:Johann anton andre.jpg|Johann Anton André
File:Dorkas Kiefer.4672.jpg|Dorkas Kiefer
File:LiliSchoenemanGoethesVerlobteS46.jpg|Lili Schöneman(Goethes Verlobte)
File:Mark Medlock in Köln 2008.JPG|Mark Medlock


winned citie


eference


xternal link
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Category:Historic Jewish communities
Category:Towns in Hesse


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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 22.04.2019 10:51 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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