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Ninove

Belgium, Ninove
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"Ninove" is a city and municipality located in Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium, and in the Flemish province of East Flanders. It is situated on the river Dender. The municipality comprises the city of Ninove proper and since the 1976 merger of the towns of Appelterre-Eichem, Aspelare, Denderwindeke, Lieferinge, Meerbeke, Nederhasselt, Neigem, Okegem, Outer, Pollare and Voorde. On January 1, 2006 Ninove had a total population of 35,651. The total area is 72.57 km² which gives a population density of 491 inhabitants per km².

istor
The oldest version of the name "Ninove", "Neonifus" dates from the 9th century. Later versions of the city name were "Ninive" and "Nineve". The current version of the city name dates from the 14th century. The origin of the city name is not clear. There are two theories about the origin. One states that name is from Roman origin, the other states that it is of Frankish origin. The meaning of the name, however, is known. Ninove means "nieuw weiland" or in English, "new pasture".

During the Roman rule, Ninove was a small settlement located in the current "Nederwijk". With the arrival of the Franks in the 4th century AD, the settlement grew to a small agricultural town. The area on which Ninove is located was from 843 on part of the Holy Roman Empire. In the 11th century this area was conquered by the Count of Flanders, Boudewijn V and the whole area between the rivers Scheldt and Dender became part of the Flanders.

From the 11th century on, the medieval castrum was fortified into a castle stronghold. Because it lay on the trade route between Flanders and Brabant, the town prospered and grew into a city. In 1137, Norbertine monks founded the Saint Cornelius Abbey, adjacent to the city. Because of its large landholdings, the abbey soon became one of the biggest grain producers in Flanders. In 1295 the town and lands were bought by the count of Flanders Guy of Dampierre. His grandson Henry awarded the town a city charter in 1339.

The 15th to 17th century was a bad time for the city as the region was plagued with war and religious and political strife. The abbey was plundered by the French in 1578 during the reformation. In 1658, Ninove was occupied by the French army. After the Treaty of the Pyrenees, the French returned the area back to Spain but the area was to change hands many times during the wars of Louis XIV and Louis XV of France.

During the 17th century, Ninove was crippled under the indemnities laid on it by the warring parties and the town faced a big economic crisis as its cloth industry went into decline. The big abbey was closed by the French in 1796, after Flanders was annexed to France.

During the 19th century, Ninove became industrialized and by the time of the First World War, the city became the centre of the Flemish match industry. This industry however declined in importance until the last match factory closed during the late 1970s.

Since the 1970s, the town of Meerbeke is the finish of the cycling race Ronde van Vlaanderen.

The population of Ninove has steadily grown and the city has become an attractive centre for commercial, recreational and economical activities in the area. The opening of a shopping mall in the centre of the city, as well as new sport and cultural infrastructure, and the construction of many residential apartment buildings have made Ninove a growing competitor for nearby Aalst and an ideal living-place for many commuters who work in nearby Brussels.

ity Politic
Since 2001, the mayor of Ninove has been Luc Durant (VLD).
The city council currently has 33 members, and is composed as follows:
*VLD - 9 seats
*CD&V - 8 seats
*Vlaams Belang - 7 seats
* SP.a Ninove - 4 seats
* LDD - 4 seats
*Groen! - 1 seat

001-200
CD&V and N-VA had allied themselves for the 2000 election, and formed a coalition with the VLD. Due to the increase of population, the threshold of 35,000 inhabitants had been passed and Ninove saw an increase from 31 to 33 council members for the communal elections, which were held on Sunday October 8, 2006.

The municipal elections on the 8th of October let the VLD retain its 12 seats, the CD&V win a seat, giving them a total of 8, the Vlaams Belang double its seats, giving them a total of 8, the socialist party PRO Ninove lose a seat, making a total of 4, and the Green Party hold their single seat. The coalition between VLD and CD&V was renewed, but without the N-VA.

007 -
During the January 2, 2007 elections of the OCMW council, one member of the VLD fraction voted for a candidate of Vlaams Belang, making the VLD lose 1 seat. After an investigation lead by the local chapter of the VLD, it was announced that the person they suspected to be the culprit was Schepen Mariette De Smet. De Smet announced she would leave the VLD, but would remain in the council of the mayor and aldermen as an independent. Her colleagues in the council stripped her of all her duties, but after a few months she regained a few of them. On January 9, 2008, De Smet, fellow VLD schepen Corijn, and another VLD member of the city council announced they were joining LDD, leaving the VLD-CD&V with a brittle one seat majority on the city council. The LDD alderman however elected to stay in the majority, making for a brittle coalition. On May 5, 2009 a Vlaams Belang councilmember defected to the LDD.

The next municipal elections are to be held sometime in October 2012.

ist of Mayor
The church of Neigem
*2009-current - Michel Casteur (VLD)
*2001-2009 - Luc Durant (VLD)
*1995-2000 - Louis Waltniel (Banier)
*1977-1994 - Etienne Cosyns (CL - Centrumlijst)
*1955-1976 - Emiel Milo (BSP)
*1946-1954 - Omer Van Trimpont (BSP)
*1945 - Clément Behn
*1941-1944 - Karel Dortant
*1913-1940 - Clément Behn
*1912 - Victor Van Impe
*1895-1911 - Edmond De Deyn
*1872-1894 - August De Cooman
*1870-1871 - Pieter Soetens
*1864-1869 - Edmond De Deyn
*1855-1863 - Victor Van Oudenhove
*1831-1854 - Karel Van Ypersele
*1825-1830 - Joseph Cools
*1815-1824 - M. Van Ypersele
*1802-1814 - Geeraard Germanes
*1793-1801 - L. Van Ypersele

ickname
The Abbey church of Ninove
Throughout the ages the inhabitants of Ninove were given various nicknames as a title of honour or mockery.

"Wortelmannen or Wortels"
The inhabitants were given the title of "wortelmannen" or "wortels" (Dutch for carrot people or carrot) because of an event during the Middle Ages. During a row with the neighbouring city of Aalst, the people of Aalst decided to besiege Ninove. The inhabitants of Ninove were completely surprised by this attack and were found unprepared. In all the confusion the key to close the city gate could not be found. In order to bolt the gate, a carrot was used. A passing donkey saw the carrot-bolt and ate it, leaving the city gate unbolted and the militiamen from Aalst free entry of the city.

"De Oudste, de Stoutste en de Wijste der Steden"
Ninove was described by Antonius Sanderus as the Oldest, the Boldest and the Wisest of Cities. Sanderus wrote in his "Flandria Illustrata":



Ninove was called the oldest because of the similarity of its name with the ancient Assyrian city Ninive, the boldest because it waited on the enemy with open gates and the wisest because the city had no jester or town fool, if one was needed a fool from a neighbouring town was lent.

amous inhabitant
*Rudy De Leeuw, chairman ABVV
*Johannes Despauterius, Flemish humanist
*Johan Evenepoel, Belgian composer
*Romain Gijssels, professional road bicycle racer
*Frans Hemerijckx, Belgian physician, known for his work amongst lepers in the Belgian Congo and in India
*Willy Roggeman, writer and jazz musician
*Wesley Sonck, Football player for Club Brugge and the Belgian national football team
*Kevin van der Perren, ice skater, 9th at the Winter Olympics
*Hans Van Laethem - town crier
*Louis Waltniel, liberal politician and industrialist

xternal link

*
*
*
* - Only available in Dutch
* - Article about the Norbertine monastery
* Only available in Dutch



Category:Cities and towns in Belgium
Category:Municipalities of East Flanders

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zh:尼诺纲
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 17.12.2017 07:15 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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