Skiurlaub- günstig mit FeWo-direkt
     
Hotelsuche in 
 

Newcastle-under-Lyme

Great Britain, Newcastle-under-Lyme
Von Wikipedia - die freie Nachrichtenenzyklopädie   auf Facebook posten  Auf Twitter posten  



"Newcastle-under-Lyme", known simply as "Castle" to many local people, is a market town in , England, and is the principal town of the Borough of Newcastle-under-Lyme. It is part of The Potteries Urban Area and North . In the 2001 census the town had a population of 73,944. It is not to be confused with the larger city of Newcastle upon Tyne.

eography and climat
Situated in a valley alongside the Lyme Brook, the town is immediately west of the neighbouring city of Stoke-on-Trent, its suburbs running into those of the city. Newcastle town centre is just 2 miles (3 km) from Stoke-upon-Trent and less than 4 miles (6 km) from Stoke-on-Trent City Centre (Hanley). Newcastle-under-Lyme is about 17 miles (27 km) north of the county town of Stafford.

These are the average rainfall and temperatures from the Met Office weather station at Penkridge, some 24 miles (39 km) to the south. They show the averages from 1971 to 2000.



istor
tymolog
The Newcastle part of the name derives from being the location of a "new" castle, built in the 12th century. The Lyme section could refer to the Lyme Brook or the extensive lime forests that covered the area in mediæval period.

1100s-1800s
Newcastle is not mentioned in the Domesday Book, as it grew up around the 12th century castle, but it must early have become a place of importance, for a charter, known only through a reference in a charter to Preston, was given to the town by Henry II of England in 1173. The "new" castle was built to supersede an older fortress at Chesterton about 2 miles to the north, the ruins of which were to be seen up to the end of the 16th century.

In 1235 Henry III constituted it a free borough, granting a guild merchant and other privileges. In 1251 he leased it at fee-farm to the burgesses. In 1265 Newcastle was granted by the Crown to Simon de Montfort, and subsequently to Edmund Crouchback, through whom it passed to Henry IV. In John Leland"s time the castle had disappeared "save one great Toure".

Newcastle did not feature much in the English Civil War, save a Royalist plundering. During the Civil War, Major Thomas Harrison a Cromwellian army officer and leader of the fanatical Fifth Monarchy Men, rose to prominence.

The governing charter in 1835 which created the Newcastle-under-Lyme Municipal Borough absorbed the previous borough created through the charters of 1590 and 1664, under which the title of the corporation, was the "mayor, bailiffs and burgesses of Newcastle-under-Lyme."

Nelson Place and view up King Street, from a postcard, c.1900

ecen
When Stoke-on-Trent was formed by the 1910 amalgamation of the "six towns" (Stoke, Hanley, Fenton, Longton, Burslem and Tunstall) Newcastle remained separate. Despite its close proximity, it was not directly involved in the pottery industry, and it strongly opposed attempts to add it at a later date with a postcard poll showing residents opposing it by a majority of 97.4%. Although passed by the House of Commons, it was rejected by the House of Lords.
Newcastle sent two members to parliament from 1355 to 1885, when it lost one representative.

Following the Local Government Act 1972 it became the principal settlement of the Borough of Newcastle-under-Lyme.

conom
Like neighbouring Stoke-on-Trent, Newcastle"s early economy was based around hatting trade, silk and cotton mills. Later coal mining, brick manufacture, iron casting and engineering rose to prominence. Very fine red earthenware and also soft-paste porcelain tableware (the first such production in ) was produced in Newcastle at Samuel Bell"s factory in Lower Street between 1724 and 1754 when all production ceased. With the exception of a failed enterprise between 1790 and 1797, which then switched to brewing, there was no further commercial production of pottery within the town of Newcastle. Production of earthenware tiles however continued at several locations within the borough. Manufacture of fine bone china was re-established in the borough in 1963 by Mayfair Pottery at Chesterton.

The manufacture in the borough of clay tobacco smoking pipes started about 1637 and grew rapidly and was second only to hatting within the borough. Nationally, the town was ranked with Chester, York and Kingston upon Hull as the four major pipe producers. This industry continued until the mid-19th century when decline set in rapidly and by 1881 only one tobacco pipe maker was left.

In the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries the town had a flourishing felt hat manufacturing industry, which was probably at its peak locally in the 1820s when a third of the town"s population were involved in the industry in over 20 factories but by 1892 there was only one manufacturer still in production in the town.

In 1944, the Rolls-Royce Derwent engine for the Gloster Meteor fighter was made in the borough.

olitic
The town has been the birthplace of several notable politicians and activists. Fanny Deakin was a campaigner for better nourishment for babies and young children and better maternity care for mothers. The former chairwoman of Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND), Janet Bloomfield (née Hood) is a peace and disarmament campaigner. Vera Brittain writer, feminist (and mother of Liberal Democrat Shirley Williams) was born in the town.

There have been two particularly notable Members of Parliament (MPs). Josiah Wedgwood IV was a Liberal, Independent and Labour Party MP, who served as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster in the cabinet of Ramsay MacDonald, in the first ever Labour government. He was an MP from 1909 to 1942. John Golding was elected as a Labour MP for Newcastle-under-Lyme at a by-election in 1969. He served in the governments of Harold Wilson and Jim Callaghan, as PPS to Eric Varley as Minister of Technology, a Labour whip in opposition, and Minister for Employment, stepping down in 1986. The current MP is Paul Farrelly.

ranspor
The town was once served by the North Railway, its station being on a branch line from Stoke-on-Trent via Newcastle, Silverdale and Keele, to Market Drayton in Shropshire. Newcastle station opened in September, 1852 after numerous construction difficulties involving the two tunnels of 605 yards and 96 yards respectively at Hartshill. There were also two halts to the west of Newcastle station, located at Brampton and Liverpool Road. The section from Silverdale to Market Drayton closed to passengers in May, 1956 and the rest of the line in March, 1964. Only a small section remained from Madeley to Silverdale, and from Silverdale to Holditch and this was for coal traffic from the local collieries. The line from Newcastle Junction to Silverdale has been removed, with the site of Newcastle station and the Hartshill tunnels being filled in.

Newcastle was on the national canal network, but the canal, running from the Trent and Mersey Canal at Stoke-on-Trent to Sir Nigel Gresley"s Canal has been disused since 1935 and most of it filled in.

oda
emographic

{| id="toc" style="float: right; margin-left: 2em; width: 40%; font-size: 90%;" cellspacing="3"
!colspan="4" align="center" |"Comparative Census Information"
|-
|"2001 UK Census"||"Newcastle-under-Lyme"||"Borough"||"England"
|-
|Total population||73,944||122,030||49,138,831
|-
|White||97.8%||98%||91%
|-
|Asian||0.6%||0.6%||4.6%
|-
|Black||0.2%||0.2%||2.3%
|-
|Christian||78.2%||78.5%||72%
|-
|Muslim||0.7%||0.5%||3.1%
|-
|Hindu||0.2%||0.2%||1.1%
|-
|No religion||14%||13.1%||15%
|-

The Guildhall
Dating back to 1173 Newcastle’s market known as "The Stones" operates on High Street. The market was originally held on Sunday; in the reign of John it was changed to Saturday; by the charter of Elizabeth it was fixed on Monday. Grants of fairs were given by Edward I, Edward III and Henry VI. Today the market is open six-days a week, there are over 80 stalls on this open-air market. Mondays, Wednesdays, Fridays and Saturdays see a general market, on Tuesdays there is an antiques market and Thursdays are for the sale of bric-a-brac.

A cattle and livestock market was held on Mondays until the mid-1980s.

ultur
The New Vic Theatre was Europe’s first purpose-built theatre in the round. It is just outside the town centre and offers a full programme of entertainment, whether modern or classic plays or impressive concert performances.

The Borough Museum and Art Gallery depicts the civic history of the Borough of Newcastle under Lyme and an authentic, life-size Victorian street-scene whilst the art gallery hosts work by local and national artists as well as ‘travelling’ exhibitions. Until 2005, there was an annual carnival held on the Spring Bank Holiday but this has been cancelled due to rising policing costs.

Notable residents who contributed to the arts and entertainment include Philip Astley, founder of the ‘modern’ circus. Jackie Trent singer and songwriter was born in the town. Arnold Bennett the novelist, playwright, and essayist completed his schooling at the Middle School and called the town Oldcastle in his novels. Dinah Maria Mulock who wrote under her married name of Mrs. Craik, lived in the town in Lower Street and Mount Pleasant and attended Brampton House Academy. E S Turner, the social commentator was educated in the town.

eligio
The town has a long religious history. It was the birthplace of John James Blunt, a divine and Anglican priest. Josiah Wedgwood was a Unitarian and he and his family attended meetings at the "Old Meeting House", connected to St. Giles" Church, which is still in use for this purpose.

The town itself has a large number of Anglican churches including St. Giles" Church, the mediæval parish church dating from 1290, as well as several Catholic churches, most notably , whose style is Gothic in blue engineering bricks, described as... "the finest modern specimen of ornamental brickwork in the kingdom" at the time.

In the 18th century John Wesley made repeated visits to the area which was becoming more industrialised. He recruited many residents to Methodism. This is reflected in the large number of Methodist churches. The largest Baptist church in North is in Newcastle.

Of interest also is The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormon), located across from the Brampton Park, which serves as the "stake centre" for the church in the region and has an on-site Family History Centre where the public can research their ancestry for little or no charge.

nternational networ
The town is part of a world-wide network of towns and cities with the name Newcastle. These include Neuburg an der Donau (Germany), Neuchâtel (Switzerland), Neufchâteau (France), New Castle, Indiana (USA), New Castle, Pennsylvania (USA),New Castle, Delaware (USA), Newcastle, KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) and Shinshiro (Japan).

This small international network of just eight towns, formed in 1998, is designed to encourage friendship and co-operation between the towns and to this end a school in the South African town benefited in 2004 from gifts of computing equipment surplus to Newcastle-under-Lyme"s needs. The annual "Newcastles of the World" Summit was held in Newcastle-under-Lyme for six days from June 17, 2006.

ee als
*People from Newcastle-under-Lyme

eference


ibliograph
*
*
*
*
*

xternal link
*
*
*
*
*
*
*



Category:Towns in
Category:Market towns in England


de:Newcastle-under-Lyme
fr:Newcastle-under-Lyme
it:Newcastle-under-Lyme
nl:Newcastle-under-Lyme
no:Newcastle-under-Lyme
pl:Newcastle-under-Lyme
pt:Newcastle-under-Lyme
ro:Newcastle-under-Lyme
fi:Newcastle-under-Lyme
sv:Newcastle-under-Lyme
ug:Néwkastl Undérlim
vo:Newcastle-under-Lyme
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 23.04.2021 12:32 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
Overview
 

 

Kommentare zu diesem Artikel
 
Neuer Kommentar
Name *
Email * (wird nicht öffentlich angezeigt)
Kommentar
* Pflichtangaben
 
Diesen Artikel empfehlen

Absender Empfänger Nachricht (optional)
Name
E-Mail

Name
E-Mail
   
 
 
Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Reiseportal
 
REISEPORTAL
Category:Settlements established in the 1st centuryCategory:British capitalsCategory:Capitals in EuropeCategory:Host cities of the Commonwealth GamesCategory:Host cities of the Summer Olympic GamesCategory:Port cities and towns in the United
|statistic2= 2.3 million|statistic_title2 = Metro|population_density= }} |os_grid_reference= NS590655|edinburgh_distance_mi=42|london_distance_mi=403|language= English, Scots (see Patter)|area_footnotes
|statistic2= 2.3 million|statistic_title2 = Metro|population_density= }} |os_grid_reference= NS590655|edinburgh_distance_mi=42|london_distance_mi=403|language= English, Scots (see Patter)|area_footnotes
|statistic2= 2.3 million|statistic_title2 = Metro|population_density= }} |os_grid_reference= NS590655|edinburgh_distance_mi=42|london_distance_mi=403|language= English, Scots (see Patter)|area_footnotes
DemographyPopulation of , 1801-2001The ornamental gate to Chinatown, As wh other major Brish cies, has a large and diverse population. At the 2001 UK Census the recorded population of was 441,900, whilst a mid-2007 estimate by the NS had the cy"s
DemographyPopulation of , 1801-2001The ornamental gate to Chinatown, As wh other major Brish cies, has a large and diverse population. At the 2001 UK Census the recorded population of was 441,900, whilst a mid-2007 estimate by the NS had the cy"s
 
Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Nachrichtenportal
 
NACHRICHTEN
London's new Muslim mayor, Labour politician Sadiq Khan, attended his first public event as mayor on Sunday at a memorial for the 6 million Jews killed in the Holocaust. London (dpa) - Khan attended Sunday‘s Annual Jewish Remembrance Day for
For the first time in our 132-year history, Leicester City Football Club are the champions of England after securing the 2015/16 Barclays Premier League title on Monday night. It is one of the greatest sporting triumphs ever seen, you can read on
For the first time in our 132-year history, Leicester City Football Club are the champions of England after securing the 2015/16 Barclays Premier League title on Monday night. It is one of the greatest sporting triumphs ever seen, you can read on
For the first time in our 132-year history, Leicester City Football Club are the champions of England after securing the 2015/16 Barclays Premier League title on Monday night. It is one of the greatest sporting triumphs ever seen, you can read on
For the first time in our 132-year history, Leicester City Football Club are the champions of England after securing the 2015/16 Barclays Premier League title on Monday night. It is one of the greatest sporting triumphs ever seen, you can read on
Prime Minister David Cameron on Monday announced new measures to compel Muslim migrants to improve their English skills, saying the move was linked to "building a more integrated, cohesive, one-nation country." London (dpa) - A
Wetter

London


(23.04.2021 12:32)

-1 / 5 °C


24.04.2021
1 / 5 °C
25.04.2021
-1 / 4 °C
powered by wetter.com
Stock News

Ecken
LÄNDER
STÄDTE
EUROPA-TOUREN

Agenda - The Week Ahea ...
Agenda - The Week Ahea ...

Afghan Farah Governor ...
Ministry Warns Cinema ...

How Short Attention Sp ...
Puigdemont won't seek ...

URGENT: Norway's Bjoe ...
China highlights Beiji ...

© europe online publishing house GmbH, Weiden, Germany, info@europeonline-magazine.eu | Impressum