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Neuss

Germany, Neuss
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"Neuss" () is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located on the west bank of the Rhine opposite Düsseldorf, and owes its success to its location at the crossing of historic and modern trade routes.

History
Neuss was founded by the Romans in 16 BC as a military fortification ("castra") with the current city to the north of the castra, on the confluence of the rivers Rhine and Erft, with the name of "Novaesium". Later a civil settlement was founded in the area of today"s center of the town during the 1st century AD. Novaesium, together with Augsburg ("Augusta Vindelicorum") and Trier ("Augusta Treverorum"), is one of the three oldest Roman settlements in Germany.

Neuss grew during the Middle Ages because of its prime location on several routes, by the crossing of the great Rhine valley, and with its harbour and ferry. During the 10th century, the remains of the martyr and tribune Saint Quirinus, not to be confused with the Roman god Quirinus, had been relocated to Neuss. This resulted in pilgrimage to the shrine of St. Quirinus even from countries beyond the borders of the Holy Roman Empire. Neuss was first documented as a town in 1138.

One of the main events in the town"s history is the siege of the town in 1474–75 by Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, that lasted for nearly a year. The citizens of Neuss withstood the siege and were therefore rewarded by the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III. The town was granted the right to mint its own coins and to carry the imperial coat of arms, the imperial eagle and the crown, in the town"s own coat of arms. Neuss became a member of the Hanseatic League, although it was never accepted by the other members of the League.

In 1586, more than two-thirds of the city was destroyed by fire, and several wars during the reign of King Louis XIV of France resulted in worsening finances for Neuss. Its importance as a place for trading declined rapidly, and from the mid-17th century onwards, Neuss became a place only important for its agriculture.

Rheinbahn tram in downtown Neuss.
Saint Sebastianus church in the city of Neuss
From 1794–1814, Neuss was part of France during the reign of Napoleon. In 1815 after the Napoleonic Wars, Neuss became part of the Kingdom of Prussia, and was reorganized as a district with the municipalities of Neuss, Dormagen, Nettesheim, Nievenheim, Rommerskirchen and Zons. The town had a population of 6,333 at that time. It was part of the Prussian Province of Jülich-Cleves-Berg (1815–22) and its successor, the Rhine Province (1822– 1946).

Neuss regained its economic power in the 19th century, with expansion of the harbour in 1835, and increasing industrial activity. The city"s boundaries were expanded in 1881. Neuss became part of the new state of North Rhine-Westphalia in 1946.

In 1968 the city"s name was changed from "Neuß" to "Neuss". In 1975 the town of Neuss and the district of Grevenbroich were joined to form the district of Rhein-Kreis Neuss with a population of 440,000 and its seat of government in Neuss.

oints of interes
* Botanischer Garten der Stadt Neuss, the city"s botanical garden

winning
* Châlons-en-Champagne, France, since 1972
* Pskow, Russia, since 1990
* Rijeka, Croatia, since 1990
* Saint Paul, United States, since 1999



External links
*




Category:Cities in North Rhine-Westphalia
Category:Roman legions" camps in Germany
Category:16 BC establishments
Category:Roman towns and cities in Germany

ar:نويس
zh-min-nan:Neuss
bg:Нойс (град)
da:Neuss
de:Neuss
et:Neuss
es:Neuss
eo:Neuss
fr:Neuss (Rhénanie-du-Nord-Westphalie)
ko:노이스 (노르트라인베스트팔렌 주)
it:Neuss
kk:Нойс
la:Novaesium
lt:Noisas
nl:Neuss
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pt:Neuss
ksh:Nüss (Shtadt)
ro:Neuss
ru:Нойс
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sr:Нојс
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zh:诺伊斯
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 19.08.2022 15:19 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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|pop_date = 2008-12-31|pop_urban = 3700000|pop_metro = 5000000|elevation = 34 - 115|GDP = 81.7|GDP_year = 2007|Website = / |leader_title = Governing Mayor|leader = Klaus Wowereit|leader_party = SPD|ruling_party1 = SPD|ruling_party2 = Die Linke|votes
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|pop_date = 2007-10-31|pop_metro = 4300000|GDP = 86.153|GDP_year = 2006|GDP_percent = 3.9|Website = |leader_title = First Mayor|leader = Ole von Beust|leader_party = CDU|ruling_party1 = CDU|ruling_party2 = Green
|pop_date = 2007-10-31|pop_metro = 4300000|GDP = 86.153|GDP_year = 2006|GDP_percent = 3.9|Website = |leader_title = First Mayor|leader = Ole von Beust|leader_party = CDU|ruling_party1 = CDU|ruling_party2 = Green
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