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Nantes

France, Nantes
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("Shall Neptune favour the traveller")
| longitude=-1.55278
| latitude=47.21806
|time zone = CET (GMT +1)
|region = Pays de la Loire
|departmt = Loire-Atlantique
|arrondissemt = Nantes
|canton = chief town of 11 cantons
|mayor = Jean-Marc Ayrault
|party = PS
|term = 2008–2014
|area km2 = 65.19
|population = 283025
|population date = 2007 csus
|population ranking = 6th in France
|urban area km2 = 523.6
|urban area date = 2008
|urban pop = 580,502
|urban pop date = 2007
|metro area km2 = 2242.6
|metro area date = 1999
|metro area pop = 804,000
|metro area pop date = 2008
|intercom = Urban Communityof Nantes
|INSEE = 44109
|postal code = 44000, 44100, 44200, and 44300
|dialling code = 02
|website = http://www.nantes.fr/
}}
"Nantes" (, Gallo: "Naunnt") is a city in western France, located on the Loire River, from the Atlantic coast. Hutchinson Encyclopedia. Retrieved on 14 August 2007. The city is the sixth largest in France, while its metropolitan area is the eighth with 804,833 inhabitants at a 2008 estimate. PopulationData.net. Retrieved on 14 August 2007.

Nantes is the capital of the Pays de la Loire region, as well as the Loire-Atlantique départemt. It is also the most important city of the historic province of Brittany, and culturally still remains strongly idtified with it. "The New York Times", 5 August 2007. Retrieved on 7 August 2007.

In 2004, the magazine "Time" described Nantes as "the most livable city in all of Europe". Time Europe, 22 August 2004. Retrieved on 4 August 2007.



tymolog
The name Nantes, pronounced in Frch, derives from that of its pre-Roman-era inhabitants, the Gaulish tribe known as the Namnetes, who founded a town there around 70 BC. The city was called "Portus Namnetus", during the Roman occupation that began in 56 BC. The inhabitants of Nantes are known in Frch as "Nantais" ().

Nantes" most common nickname is as the "Vice of the West" (, ), RugbyWorldCup.com. Retrieved on 07-12-07. a name owing to its position on the river delta of the Loire, the Erdre, and the Sèvre (whose tributaries were infilled in the early 20th ctury). FranceGuide.com. Retrieved on 07-12-07.

istor
The Marité schooner at the Port of Nantes
L"île Feydeau
After having be occupied by the Gauls and the Romans, Nantes was Christianised in the 3rd ctury AD. The city was successively invaded by the Saxons (around 285), the Franks (around 500), the Britons (in the 6th and 7th cturies) and the Normans, who laid it waste in 843: "The city of Nantes remained for many years deserted, devastated and overgrown with briars and thorns." The Chronicle of Nantes continues until the year 946, telling that Alain Barbe-Torte, grandson of Alan the Great, the last king of Brittany who was expelled by the Norse, drove them out and founded the Duchy of Brittany.David C Douglas, ed. "English Historical Documts" (Routledge, 1979) "Secular Narrative Sources" pp 345f. English Historical Documts. Dorthy Whitelock, David Charles Douglas. Routledge, 1996 ISBN 0415143667 Retrieved on 30-10-07.

Wh the Duchy of Brittany was annexed by the kingdom of France in 1532, Nantes kept the Parliamt of Brittany for a few years, before it was moved to Rnes. In 1598, King Hry IV of France signed the Edict of Nantes here, which granted Protestants rights to their religion.

During the 18th ctury, prior to abolition of slavery, Nantes was the slave trade capital of France. This kind of trade led Nantes to become the largest port in France and a wealthy city. Wh the Frch Revolution broke out, Nantes chose to be part of it, although the whole surrounding region soon degerated into an op civil war against the new republic known as the War in the Vdée. On 29 June 1793 the town was the site of a Republican victory in this war. The Loire was the site of ts, perhaps hundreds of thousands of executions by drowning, including those using the method which came to be known as the Republican marriage, in which a man and a woman were stripped naked, tied together, and thrown into the river.Ruth Scurr, Fatal Purity: Robespierre And the Frch Revolution (2006) p. 305

In the 19th ctury, Nantes became an industrial city. The first public transport anywhere may have be the omnibus service initiated in Nantes in 1826. It was soon imitated in Paris, London and New York. The first railways were built in 1851 and many industries were created. In 1940, the city was occupied by German troops. In 1941, the murder of a German officer, Lt. Col. Fritz Hotz, caused the retaliatory execution of 48 civilians. The city was twice severely bombed by British forces, on 16 and 23 August 1943, before being liberated by the Americans in 1944.

Until the 1970s, Nantes" harbour was located on the Île de Nantes, wh it was moved to the very mouth of the Loire River, at Saint-Nazaire. In the subsequt 20 years, many service sector organisations moved into the area, but economic difficulties forced most of these to close. In 2001, a major redevelopmt scheme was launched, the goal of which is to revitalise the island as the new city ctre.
Nantes se from Spot Satellite
In 2003, the Frch weekly "L"Express" voted Nantes to be the "greest city" in France, while in both 2003 and 2004 it was voted the "best place to live" by the weekly Le Point. In August 2004, Time designated Nantes as the "the most livable city in all of Europe."As above Business in Western France. Retrieved on 4 August 2007.

eograph
Nantes is located on the banks of the Loire River, at the confluce of the Erdre and the Sèvre Nantaise, 55 km (35 mi) from the Atlantic Ocean. The city was built in a place where many branches of the Loire river created several islands, but most of those branches were filled in at the beginning of the 20th ctury (and the confluce with the Erdre river diverted and covered) due to the increasing car traffic.

It is notable that the city of Nantes is at the exact ctre of Earth"s land hemisphere.



limat
About 50 kilometres away from the coast, Nantes has gerally cool winters and mild summers, with rainfalls at least every week, which makes Nantes a temperate city, though winters can bring freezing temperatures and occasional hot spells in summer, especially during the month of July. Retrieved on 08-09-07.

olitic

Nantes is the "préfecture" (capital city) of both the Loire-Atlantique "départemt" and the Pays de la Loire "région".

The Nantes metropolitan area ("Nantes Métropole") is the intercommunal structure connecting the city of Nantes with nearby suburbs. It had a 1999 population of 554,478, 48.7% of which comprised the city of Nantes. The currt mayor of Nantes is Jean-Marc Ayrault (PS), first elected in 1989 and now serving a fourth term, until 2014.

eighbourhood
Traditional houses on the Île Feydeau
Since 1995, Nantes has be divided into 11 neighbourhoods, each resembling a historic city quarter. Each of these neighbourhoods is controlled by a "Comité Consultatif" (Consultative Committee), comprising directly elected officials and a team of municipal members, similar to a New England board of selectm. These neighbourhoods are:


Nine of these neighbourhoods are situated on the right bank of the Loire, one is on the left bank, and one is on the Île de Nantes island.

antes and Brittan
Flag of the Pays de la Loire
Flag of Brittany
The city of Nantes, and the Loire-Atlantique "départemt", were formerly part of the historic province of Brittany; Nantes was one of its former capitals, along with Rnes. CRWFlags.com. Published on 28-04-07. Retrieved on 07-12-07.

Historically, the country around Nantes (; ; Gallo: "Paeï de Nàntt") was always se as being part of Brittany. In 1207, the Dukes of Brittany made Nantes their home, building the Castle of the Dukes of Brittany on the banks of the Loire. Most of the dukes and duchesses were buried in either the cathedral or the nearby abbeys.

In 1789, the separation of the historical provinces of France resulted in Brittany being split in five; the lower of the five, "Loire-Inférieure" (today Loire-Atlantique) was where Nantes was situated. As such, Brittany as an administrative region did not exist during the 19th and early 20th cturies, although it did still exist culturally and informally. Wh regional regroupmts during the 20th ctury resulted in the reinstatemt of the regions, Loire-Atlantique found itself split from the other four "départemts" by the Vichy regime in 1941; a new "région" had be created ctred on Nantes, the Pays de la Loire.

Much debate surrounding this move persists. Those against (sometimes called the "Breton militants") maintain that the separation was made by a non-democratically elected governmt, and that Loire-Atlantique is culturally, historically and geographically united to Brittany; those in favour argue that any reunification would reop a "quarrel of the capitals" betwe Nantes and Rnes, and that it would be fatal to the Pays de la Loire "région".

The issue of linguistics is also relevant; in the east of Brittany (variously called "Bretagne Gallèse" or "Haute Bretagne") Romance languages especially the local Gallo, as well as Frch, have long had more influce than Breton. However, in many large cities, including Nantes and Saint-Brieuc, the Breton language has sometimes be spok more widely by the very urban and "bourgeois" population there (ev though in "Le Pays Nantais" the opposite was true). In rect years, many bilingual plaques have appeared on tourist attractions in the city, with the help of the Ofis ar Brezhoneg (; ).

Most rectly, on 15 May 2004, a hastily organized demonstration in Nantes calling for the reunification of Brittany attracted 6,000 participants, while in five surveys on the issue, betwe 62% and 75% of the population of Loire-Atlantique have come out in favour of reunification.

In 2007, 1.3% of the childr in Nantes attded the bilingual schools for primary education. "Ofis ar Brezhoneg":

ducatio
olleges and universitie


ranspor
The first organized omnibus transit system within a city appears to have originated in Nantes in 1826. The currt network operated by Tan network includes three tramway lines, one bus rapid transit route (known as BusWay), dozs of bus routes, an express bus betwe Nantes Atlantique Airport, and the city ctre (known as "Tan Air"), three navibuses lines and four suburban train lines (operated by SNCF and running on four intercity train lines within the city"s limits). Longer distance travel throughout the Loire-Atlantique "départemt" is operated by Lila network, which runs interurban buses.
The Tramway de Nantes originally began operation in 1879, but this first geration network closed in 1958. A new geration of tram lines oped in 1985, and the tram network is now the longest in France. The tram network, also part of the Tan network, shares a common ticketing system with buses and other modes within that network.

Nantes railway station lies on a number of rail lines. Nantes is connected by TGV (high speed train) to Paris, Lyon, Marseille, Lille, and Strasbourg, with trains to Paris via the LGV Atlantique taking just over 2 hours. By Corail, Nantes is connected to Quimper, La Rochelle, Bordeaux, Lyon, and Toulouse. The regional trains and buses of the TER Pays de la Loire provide links to Saint-Nazaire, Angers, Le Mans, La Roche sur Yon, and many other regional cities.

Nantes was formerly a major commercial port, with port facilities on the River Loire in the city ctre. Much of the commercial traffic has since migrated downstream, principally to the area around Saint-Nazaire, although the river remains navigable to ocean-going ships as far as Nantes. River cruises operate on both the Loire and its tributary the Erdre. The Tan network also includes three urban water bus routes on both rivers (known as Navibus).

Nantes Atlantique Airport, located 8 km to the south-west of the city ctre, serves the city and surrounding areas. It is the biggest airport in western France, linking with several Frch and European cities, as well as Montreal in Canada and some northern Africa cities. It is currtly planned that this airport will be replaced by the Aéroport du Grand Ouest, that will be situated 30 km to the north-west of Nantes in the "commune" of Notre-Dame-des-Landes. The €580 million project was approved in February 2008, with construction expected to start in 2012 and a oping date in 2015.

ain sight
astles, churches and mosque
Château des Ducs de Bretagne
The cathedral
Sainte Croix church
Mosquée des Turcs
* Château des ducs de Bretagne (Castle of the Dukes of Brittany).
* Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul.
* Église Notre-Dame de Bon-Port (Basilica of Saint-Louis).
* Église Saint-Nicolas (Basilica of Saint Nicolas, 1844).
* Église Sainte-Croix (Church of the Holy Cross).

Since 2009, Nantes has two great Mosques:
*Mosquée Arrahma
*Mosquée des Turcs (photo)

A third (Mosquée Assalam) is under construction.

useum
* Musée d"histoire de Nantes (Nantes History Museum); located inside the Castle of the Dukes of Brittany.
* Musée des Beaux-Arts de Nantes (Fine Arts Museum of Nantes).
* Muséum d"histoire naturelle (Natural History museum).
* Musée Thomas Dobrée (Thomas Dobrée archaeological museum).
* Musée Jules Verne (Jules Verne museum).
* Musée naval "Maillé-Brézé" (naval museum).
* The Pays de la Loire regional contemporary art collection.
* The Planetarium.

istorical place
* The Isle of Nantes; a former shipyard turned into a leisure and cultural site, including the Machines of the Isle of Nantes permant exhibition.
* Passage Pommeraye; 19th ctury galleria with shopping.
* "Brasserie La Cigale"; described by Jean-Louis Trintignant as "perhaps the most beautiful brasserie in the world."
* Place du Commerce; the city"s main square.
* Place Royale; a historic square located in the heart of the city, rectly rewed.
* Place Graslin; a historic place featuring the Theatre of Nantes and famous brasserie "La Cigale".
* Crebillon street and Orleans street lined with luxury boutiques linked by the Place Royale.
* The new "Palais de Justice" (court house); built in 2000 and designed by Jean Nouvel.
* "La Tour LU" (the LU Tower); a tower standing the trance of the former Lefèvre-Utile biscuit factory.
* Beaujoire Stadium; Nantes" largest sports stadium, home of FC Nantes Atlantique football club.
* "Le Marché de Talsac" (Talsac Market); the main and historical public market.

ards and park
* Jardin des plantes de Nantes

eisur
Nantes has several cinemas including:
* Gaumont Nantes; ctrally located at Place du Commerce in the heart of the city.
* Concorde; a historic cinema in ctral Nantes.
* Pathé Atlantis; Nantes" biggest cinema, also located in the borough of Saint-Herblain, in the Atlantis commercial zone.

oncert hall


ultur
Japanese gard on the Île de Versailles, Nantes
ultural evt

Nantes hosts quite a few cultural evts of note, of which these are just a few:

*Estuaire, a contemporary art exhibition that takes place every two years betwe Nantes and Saint-Nazaire (along the Loire estuary).
*Les Rdez-vous de l"Erdre, a jazz festival ctered around the Erdre river.
*Les rcontres du fleuve, a festival ctered around ships and the river.
*Le Festival Eidos du film d"vironnemt et de développemt durable, a cinema festival themed around the vironmt and sustainability.
*The Festival des trois contints, dedicated to African, Asian and South American cinema.
*La Folle Journée, a classical music festival,
*Les Utopiales, international scice fiction convtion,
*The Festival Voisinages, various theatre performances (Théâtre du Grand T, Théâtre universitaire de Nantes, salle Onyx de Saint-Herblain).

por
The local football team is FC Nantes. During the 2007 Rugby World Cup in France, Nantes hosted a number of matches including England against Samoa and Wales against Fiji.

usi

There are quite a few bands from Nantes who play differt gres but are not well known outside of France.

The Celtic band "Tri Yann" was originally known as "Tri Yann an Naoned" (the three Johns from Nantes).
The DJ group "C2C", champion of the Disco Mix Club World Team DJ Championship four years in a row (2003–2006) is native of Nantes.

The American band Beirut, following with their European influces, have a song on their second album The Flying Club Cup titled "Nantes".

To see a list of Bands from Nantes, see :fr:Rock à Nantes (Frch).

edi
Nantes se from Erdre river.
"Local television channels"



"Radio stations"

* "Nova @ 87.8"
* "Rires Et Chansons @ 88.4"
* "MFM Sud Loire @ 88.8"
* "Alouette @ 89.5"
* "RFM @ 90.1"
* "France-Inter @ 90.6"
* " @ 91.2"
* "Radio Prun" @ 92.0"
* "Virgin Radio @ 94.7"
* "FIP Nantes @ 95.7"
* "Hit West @ 100.9"
* "Radio France Bleu Loire-Ocean @ 101.8"
* "NRJ @ 102.4"
* "Fidélité @ 103.8"
* "RTL @ 104.3"
* "Europe 1 @ 104.7"
* "France Infos @ 105.5"
* "Cherie FM @ 106.2"
* "Radio Classique @ 106.7"
* "BFM @ 107.2"

"Local newspapers "

Newspapers for sale:

Free newspapers:


amous "Nantais"
* Anne of Brittany, Duchess of Brittany and Que of France. Known as the only wom to have married two kings of France, Charles VIII and Louis XII.
* Aristide Briand, Frch statesman, awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
* Boit Regt, actor
* Christophe Léon Louis Juchault de Lamoricière, Frch geral and later commander of the Papal army
* Claire Bretécher, cartoonist
* Claude Cahun (born Lucy Schwob); photographer and writer
* Eric Tabarly, sailor
* Jacques Demy, movie director
* Jean Graton, cartoonist
* Caitlin All, principal "Figaro" journalist
* Jules Verne, writer
* Juli de Lallande Poydras, former New Orleans member of the United States House of Represtatives
* Louis-Albert Bourgault-Ducoudray, composer, professor, Prix de Rome winner
* Paul Ladmirault, composer
* Pierre Cambronne, commander of the Old Guard at Waterloo
* Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau, Frch statesman
* Sandrine Voillet, art historian, television prester
* Suzanne Malherbe, artist

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie

Nantes has town twinning and cooperation agreemts with:


ridship relation

The city also has fridship relations with:
* Guinea, since 1992.
* St. Martinville, Louisiana, U.S., since 1993.
* Jericho, West Bank, since 2001.
* Desdunes and Petionville, Haiti, since 2005.

eferce


xternal link


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Category:Communes of Loire-Atlantique

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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 13.12.2017 10:08 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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