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Murska Sobota

Slovenia, Murska Sobota
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"" (, Prekmurian: Mürska Sobouta), is a town and municipality in northeastern Slovenia. It is located near the river Mura in the region of Prekmurje and is the regional capital. The municipality has just over 20.000 inhabitants.

Officially, the town is known as , although in the local Prekmurian dialect it is usually referred simply as Sobouta. The traditional German name of the town is "Olsnitz", which derives from the old Slovene name "Olšnica". The modern Slovene name is a translation of the Hungarian denomination Muraszombat, which was the official name of the town until 1919. was a district () town of Vas in the Kingdom of Hungary until 1918. It was occupied by Hungary again during World War II, from 1941 to 1944. Between 1944 and 1945 it was under Nazi German occupation and it was liberated by Soviet troops in May 1945. It was also part of Balatin sanjak which belonged at first Budin Eyalet, later Kanije Eyaleti before Treaty of Carlowitz.

It used to be Yugoslavia"s northernmost town, and throughout history it has shifted across borders between Slovenia, Yugoslavia and Hungary. Hungarians still represent a 3,000 people minority. In 1919 here was declared the Republic of Prekmurje and the town was capital the of the new state. In 1991, during Slovenia"s Ten-Day War against the Yugoslav Federal Army, was bombed by air, with no casualties or visible damage. Today, it is a quiet town that lives around the regional authorities" activities, light industry, commerce and spa tourism. In April 2006 the city became the see of the newly created Roman Catholic Diocese of , which is a suffragan to the archdiocese of Maribor.

Jewish community of
The once significant Jewish community of Austrian and Hungarian descents of was eliminated by Nazi Germany. Before the Second World War, a Synagogue, which was solemnly inaugurated on 31 August 1908 and demolished in 1954 by the local Communists authorities, after purchasing the building from a decimated Jewish community.
On April 26 1944 all Jews were ordered to gather in the Synagogue of , with personal luggage alone. There, they were locked up over night without food or water and the next morning, all Jews of were transferred to Čakovec and then to Nagykanizsa, the main concentration camp before their final destination - Auschwitz-Birkenau.

The last rabbi in was Dr. Lazar Roth, born in Jalšva in the Czech lands. He was murdered in Auschwitz.

Towns and villages
Bakovci, Černelavci, Krog, Kupšinci, Markišavci, "", Nemčavci, Polana, Rakičan, Satahovci, Veščica

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
is twinned with:
* "Ingolstadt", Germany (Bavaria)
* "Bethlehem (PA)", USA (Pennsylvania)
* "Paraćin", SRB (Pomoravlje)

ee als
*List of cities in Slovenia
*Republic of Prekmurje


External links
Rakičan castle


Category:Cities, towns and villages in Slovenia
Category:Historic Jewish communities

sl:Mestna občina
sr:Општина Мурска Собота
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 25.08.2019 12:06 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.


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