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Montreux

Switzerland, Montreux
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"Montreux" is a municipality in the district of Riviera-Pays-d"Enhaut in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland.

It is located on Lake Geneva at the foot of the Alps and has () a population of 23,800.

History and geography
Montreux lies on the north east shore of Lake Geneva at the fork in the Roman road from Italy over the Simplon Pass, where the roads to the Roman capital of Aventicum and the road into Gaul through Besançon separated. This made it an important settlement already in Roman times.

In the 12th century, viticulture was introduced to the region, and the sunny slopes of the lake from Lavaux to Montreux became an important wine-growing region.

The region was subject to various princes, most notably the princes of Savoy from the south side of the lake. They unified the territory which comprises the present canton of Vaud and were generally popular sovereigns.

After the Burgundian Wars in the 15th century, the Swiss in Berne occupied the region without resistance, an indication of the weakness of the princes of Savoy. The Reformation made the region around Montreux and Vevey an attractive haven for Huguenots from Italy, who brought their artisanal skills and set up workshops and businesses.

In 1798, Napoleon liberated the region from the Bernese. In the 19th century, the tourist industry became a major commercial outlet, with the grand hotels of Montreux attracting the rich and cultured from Europe and America.

Culture
Freddie Mercury statue.
*It was a haven for Catherine Barkley and Lt. Frederic Henry in Ernest Hemingway"s classic, "A Farewell to Arms".

Montreux hosts several noteworthy festivals:
*Freddie Mercury"s Montreux Memorial Day, annually first week-end of September since 2003.
*The Montreux Jazz Festival, annually in July since 1967. It is held at the Montreux Music & Convention Centre, built in 1973 and has become a global phenomenon.
*The Golden Rose Festival, annually in spring (1961-2003), which awarded the Golden Rose of Montreux, an international award for television.
*The Golden Award of Montreux, annually in April, is traditionally, since 1989, the first international advertising and multimedia Competition in Europe - starting the global season for awarding creative excellence.

Montreux boasts one of the most beautiful walks along the lake, stretching from Villeneuve all the way towards Vevey. The main square of the town, Place du Marché, features a statue of Freddie Mercury facing Lake Geneva. Some of the numerous small villages around Montreux include La Tour-de-Peilz, Clarens, Territet, and Villeneuve. The Chateau of Chillon provides a marvelous view of the entire Lake of Geneva and can be easily accessed via bus, walk or boat.

Deep Purple made Montreux famous with their song "Smoke on the Water", which tells the events of 1971, when a Frank Zappa fan with a flare gun set the Montreux Casino on fire. The destroyed Casino was reopened in 1975.



Closeup of the Montreux Casino, rebuilt in 1975
Montreux is the home of Mountain Studios, the recording studio used by several artists. "Bonzo"s Montreux" by Led Zeppelin is named after the city where the drums session of John Bonham was recorded in 1976. In 1978, the band Queen bought the studio. It was then sold to Queen producer David Richards. In 2002 the Mountain Studios was converted into a bar as part of a complete renovation of the studio. David Richards has left Montreux to settle down somewhere else. Queen also appeared in 1984 and in 1986 at the Golden Rose Festival and Queen guitarist Brian May appeared in 2001 at the Jazz Festival. Montreux was also the subject of the 1995 Queen single A Winter"s Tale on the album Made in Heaven, one of Freddie"s last songs before his death on November 24, 1991. The album cover features the statue of Mercury beside the lake.

In 1990, the Wakker Prize for the development and preservation of its architectural heritage was awarded to Montreux. accessed 9 May 2009

The Federation International de Roller Skating was founded in Montreux in 1924.


otable resident
*Ian Anderson - (born 1947), Scottish musician, frontman of Jethro Tull
*Sergei Aleksandrovich Buturlin – (1872-1938), Russian ornithologist
*A. J. Cronin – (1896-1981), Scottish novelist
*Laurent Dufaux – (born 1969), Swiss cyclist
*Paul-André Gaillard – (born 1922), Swiss composer and orchestra conductor
*Bill Gates – (born 1955), American business magnate
*Jean Villard Gilles – (1895-1982), Swiss singer-songwriter
*Barbara Hendricks – (born 1948), American-born opera singer
*Patrick Juvet – (born 1950), Swiss singer-songwriter
*Tony Lewis – (born 1956), American singer-songwriter
*Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim - (1867-1951), Finnish statesman
*Freddie Mercury – (1946-1991), British musician
*Vladimir Nabokov – (1899–1977), Russian-American novelist
*Claude Nobs – (born 1939), Swiss founder of Montreux Jazz Festival
*Luc Plamondon – (born 1942), French-Canadian lyricist
*Jean-Jacques Rousseau – (1712-1778), Swiss philosopher and writer
*Emil Steinberger – (born 1933), Swiss comedian, writer, and actor
*Igor Stravinsky – (1882-1971), Russian composer
*Pyotr Iliych Tchaikovsky – (1840-1893), Russian composer
*Shania Twain – (born 1965), Canadian singer-songwriter
*Yechiel Yaakov Weinberg - (1884-1966), Lithuanian Rosh Yeshiva of the Hildesheimer Seminary in Berlin and author of the four-volume responsa Sridei Aish
*Ardeshir Zahedi - (born 1928), former Iranian foreign minister and son-in-law of Shah of Iran

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File:Freddie Mercury Statue - Montreux thumb.JPG|Freddie Mercury statue at sunset in Montreux.
File:ChateuChillon.jpg|Château de Chillon near Montreux.
File:LakeGenevaMontreux.jpg|Southwest view over the Lake Geneva from Montreux.



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External links

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Category:Cities in Switzerland
Category:Lakeside resorts in Switzerland


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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 04.06.2020 14:19 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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