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Mersin

Turkey, Mersin
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"Mersin" is a large city and a busy port on the Mediterranean coast of southern Turkey and is the capital of the Mersin Province. It is part of Adana-Mersin Metropolitan Area and lies on the west part of Çukurova, a geographical, economical and cultural region.

istor
This coast has been inhabited since the 9th millennium BC. Excavations by John Garstang of the hill of Yümüktepe have revealed 23 levels of occupation, the earliest dating from ca. 6300 BC. A fortification was put up around 4500 BC, but the site appears to have been abandoned between 3200 BC and 1200 BC.

In the following centuries the city became a part of many states and civilizations including the Hittites, Assyrians, Persians, Greeks, the Macedonians of Alexander the Great, Seleucids, Lagids. During the Ancient Greek period, the city bore the name "Zephyrion" (Greek: Ζεφύριον retrieved June 14, 2007) and was mentioned by numerous ancient authors. Apart from its natural harbor and its strategic position along the trade routes of southern Anatolia, the city profited from trade in molybdenum (white lead) from the neighbouring mines of Coreyra. Ancient sources attributed the best molybdenum to the city, which also minted its own coins.

Later, the area became a part of the Roman province of Cilicia, which had its capital at Tarsus, while nearby Mersin was the major port. The city, whose name was Latinized to "Zephyrium", was renamed as "Hadrianopolis" in honor of the Roman emperor Hadrian.

In 395 the Roman Empire was split in two and this area fell into the half ruled by Byzantium (later Constantinople), which became the centre of trade in this part of the world, drawing investments and trade, and causing Mersin to lose its attractiveness.

The city was Christianized early; and was the see of a bishop. Le Quien ("Oriens christianus", II, 883) names four bishops of Zephyrium: Aerius, present at the Council of Constantinople in 381; Zenobius, a Nestorian, at the Second Council of Constantinople in 432-434; Hypatius, present at the Council of Chalcedon in 451; and Peter, at the Council in Trullo in 692. The city remains a titular see of the Roman Church, "Zephyriensis"; the see has been vacant since 1966.http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/diocese/d2z15.html

Then came the Arabs, Egyptian Tulunids, Seljuk Turks, Mongols, Crusaders, Armenians, Mamluks, Anatolian beyliks, and finally the city was conquered by the Ottomans in 1473.

During the American Civil War, the region became a major supplier of cotton to make up for the high demand due to shortage. Railroads were extended to Mersin in 1866 from where cotton was exported by sea, and the city developed into a major trade center. By 1900, the Encyclopedia reports the city having about 18,000 inhabitants, of whom 8,000 were by ethnicity Greeks, 1,000 Armenians, and 2,000 Roman s; the remaining approximately 7,000 inhabitants were presumably Muslim. The Roman parish of Mersin was administered by Capuchins; there were also Sisters of St. Joseph of the Apparition; schools for boys and girls, and hospitals.

In 1918 Mersin was occupied by French and British troops in accord with the Treaty of Sevrès. It was liberated by the Turkish army in 1920. In 1924, Mersin was made a province, and in 1933, Mersin and İçel provinces were joined to form the (greater Mersin) İçel province.

Up until the 1970s Mersin had a population of 580,000 and a classy feel to it, with carriages parading under palm trees. The seafront was all orchards of oranges and lemons, perfect for a quiet stroll, and you could play on the beach. The heart of this tree-lined bourgois establishment were the patisseries along "Flamingo road", a name that evokes nostalgia among those who lived here through the 60s and 70s.

ersin toda
Mertim Tower

Today, Mersin is a large city spreading out along the coast, with Turkey"s second tallest skyscraper (the 52-floor Mertim Tower, which was the tallest skyscraper in Turkey for 13 years between 1987 and 2000, until the completion of the İş Bankası Towers in Istanbul), huge hotels, an opera house, expensive real estate near the sea or up in the hills, and many other modern urban amenities, although still nothing like the long-established nightlife and culture of Istanbul or Izmir. The population of the city is 807 694 according to 2008 estimates. The Kurds are the fastest growing population in the city.
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Category:Mersin
Category:Ancient mints
Category:Çukurova
Category:Cilicia
Category:Mediterranean port cities and towns in Turkey
Category:Cities in Turkey
Category:Coastal settlements in Turkey
Category:Ancient Greek sites in Turkey
Category:Ancient Greek cities
Category:Roman sites in Turkey
Category:Titular sees
Category:Seaside resorts in Turkey

ar:مرسين
br:Mersin
bg:Мерсин
cs:Mersin
da:Mersin
de:Mersin
el:Μερσίνη
es:Mersin
eo:Mersin
fr:Mersin
ko:메르신
hy:Մերսին
it:Mersin
he:מרסין
ka:მერსინი (ქალაქი)
sw:Mersin
lv:Mersina
lt:Mersinas
hu:Mersin
mk:Мерсин
nl:Mersin (stad)
ja:メルスィン
pl:Mersin
pt:Mersin
ro:Mersin
ru:Мерсин
fi:Mersin
sv:Mersin
tr:Mersin (şehir)
war:Mersin
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 23.05.2022 13:58 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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